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Clinical Data-Mining: Integrating Practice and Research

Irwin Epstein

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335521
eISBN:
9780199777433
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335521.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Clinical data-mining (CDM) involves the conceptualization, extraction, analysis, and interpretation of available clinical data for practice knowledge-building, clinical decision-making, and ... More


Clinical Decision Support in Employee Assistance Programs: Personalizing the Therapeutic Approach

Eugene Baker

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

In the context of Employment Assistance Programs (EAP), personalizing treatment means distinguishing those who could benefit from psychotherapy versus medication, and using the review of ... More


Personalized Integrative Markers for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents

Michael R. Kohn, Simon D. Clarke, and Leanne M. Williams

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common disorder of childhood-adolescent brain health. Here, we take an integrative neuroscience approach to personalized medicine. The goal ... More


Clinical decision-making: treatment of venous thromboembolism in patients with advanced cancer

Dawn Dowding and Miriam J. Johnson

in Venous Thromboembolism in Advanced Disease: A clinical guide

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199232048
eISBN:
9780191730337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232048.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the specific issues connected to clinical decision-making concerning whether or not to treat a venous thromboembolism (VTE) patient with advanced cancer in the palliative care ... More


Personalized Medicine and Integrative Neuroscience: Toward Consensus Markers for Disorders of Brain Health

Leanne M. Williams and Evian Gordon

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

In the emerging new paradigm of “Personalized Medicine,” the goal is to shift the treatment for brain-related illness from trial and error into a bull’s-eye. To date, much of the research in ... More


Economic Impacts of the Personalized Medicine Tsunami

Dan Segal and David E. Williams

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

We are in one of the most exciting periods in the evolution of health care. Never before have so many variables (that directly impact the basis of patient care) simultaneously been in transition. ... More


Process of clinical decision making

Fiona Randall and R.S. Downie

in Palliative Care Ethics: A Companion for All Specialties

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192630681
eISBN:
9780191730078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630681.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter begins by examining responsibility for outcomes, and then deals mainly with the process of decision making. It clarifies the moral issues that arise in the traditional methods of ... More


The political economy of health care: Where the NHS came from and where it could lead

Julian Tudor Hart

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427830
eISBN:
9781447303930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427830.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Drawing on clinical experience dating from the birth of the NHS in 1948, the author, a politically active GP in a Welsh coal mining community, charts in this book the progress of the NHS from its ... More


Palliative Care Ethics: A Companion for All Specialties

Fiona Randall and Robin Downie

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192630681
eISBN:
9780191730078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630681.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

A book for nurses, doctors, and all who provide end-of-life care, this volume guides readers through the ethical complexities of such care, including policy initiatives, and encourages debate and ... More


Palliative Care for Patients with Severe Dementia: A Consensus-Based Approach to Decision Making  

Timothy E. Quill

in Caring for Patients at the End of Life: Facing an Uncertain Future Together

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195139402
eISBN:
9780199999859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139402.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter discusses a consensus-based approach to decision making in palliative care for patients with severe dementia. It relates the author's experience in caring for a 73-year-old woman with ... More


Usefulness of Utility in Making Decisions about Palliative Care

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0014
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Utility can be used to rank treatments based on their effect and to calculate cost-utility ratios. Change in utility is difficult to show for palliative care interventions because the effects of the ... More


Affect and Clinical Decision-Making

Jane Heyhoe and Rebecca Lawton

in Affective Determinants of Health Behavior

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190499037
eISBN:
9780190881375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190499037.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

In the chapter “Affect and Clinical Decision-Making,” theoretical and empirical literature from within and outside healthcare are drawn on to understand the role of affect in clinical decision-making ... More


Patient choice and consent

Fiona Randall and R. S. Downie

in End of Life Choices: Consensus and controversy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199547333
eISBN:
9780191730405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547333.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter examines patient choice and consent and its current status in clinical decision-making in end of life care. The findings indicate that the idea of patient choice can exist comfortably in ... More


Best interests: extended senses

Fiona Randall and R. S. Downie

in End of Life Choices: Consensus and controversy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199547333
eISBN:
9780191730405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547333.003.0011
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter examines the issue of end of life care patients' ‘best interests’ in its various extended forms. It analyses the controversial view of specialist palliative care that the unit of care is ... More


Choosing care

Alan Cribb

in Healthcare in Transition: Understanding Key Ideas and Tensions in Contemporary Health Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447323211
eISBN:
9781447323235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447323211.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter focuses on some of the mainstream and circumscribed examples of rethinking agency. Once one starts seeing and treating people as healthcare actors—as having something to contribute to ... More


Quality of life – models and measures of quality of life

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines quality of life (QoL) models and measures in relation to palliative care. It compares QoL gains between two treatments and evaluates the use of QoL as part of decision making ... More


Give to the Doctor What Is Due to the Doctor!: Why “Fair Rationing at the Bedside” Is Impossible

Vegard Bruun Wyller

in Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199989447
eISBN:
9780190207489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989447.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Clinical decision making might be based on moral principles focusing exclusively on the individual patient, such as the principles of beneficence, autonomy, and nonmaleficence. Alternatively, ... More


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