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Party Politics in New Democracies

Paul Webb and Stephen White (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199289653
eISBN:
9780191710964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289653.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The sister volume to a book called Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies, this book offers a systematic and rigorous analysis of parties in some of the world's major new democracies. ... More


The Difficult Transition from Clientelism to Citizenship: Lessons from Mexico

Jonathan Fox

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Democracy requires elections, but elections do not always guarantee the organizational autonomy that citizenship requires. Clientelism stands in opposition to autonomy, and its change from an ... More


Italy Rescue from Without?

Maurizio Ferrera and Elisabetta Gualmini

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Italy's economic and employment problems were to a large extent home made, whereas external economic and political pressures did facilitate internal revitalization. While export‐oriented industries ... More


Targeting the Poor: The Politics of Social Policy Reforms in Mexico

Kerianne Piester

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Responding to the crisis of shrinking state budgets and rising social demands in the 1980s, the Mexican government experimented with a new participatory poverty alleviation model. Targeting the poor ... More


Greece: ‘Rationalizing’ Constitutional Powers in a Post-dictatorial Country

Georgios Trantas, Paraskevi Zagoriti, Torbjörn Bergman, Wolfgang C. Müller, and Kaare Strøm

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Greek process of delegation is highly institutionalized and exhaustively regulated by the Constitution. The Constitution gives the cabinet strong stability and leverage over the parliament, ... More


Electoral Malpractice

Sarah Birch

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199606160
eISBN:
9780191731693
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606160.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Elections ought in theory to go a long way towards making democracy ‘work’, but in many contexts, they fail to embody democratic ideals because they are affected by electoral manipulation and ... More


Introduction: Pro-American Democracy or No Democracy at All?

Amaney A. Jamal

in Of Empires and Citizens: Pro-American Democracy or No Democracy at All?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149646
eISBN:
9781400845477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149646.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides an overview of book's main themes. This book explores Kuwait and Jordan as two states that have similar clientelistic ties to the United States. Both are monarchies holding ... More


Becoming Jordan and Kuwait: The Making and Consolidating of U.S. Client Regimes

Amaney A. Jamal

in Of Empires and Citizens: Pro-American Democracy or No Democracy at All?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149646
eISBN:
9781400845477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149646.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers a detailed historical analysis of the emergence of regime clientelism in Jordan and Kuwait. It illustrates how the end of the Cold War restructured the ways in which international ... More


Cultures in Conflict: Social Movements and the State in Peru

Susan Stokes

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520086173
eISBN:
9780520916234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520086173.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This ethnography set in contemporary Peru provides an analysis of the making and unmaking of class consciousness among the urban poor. The author's research strategy is multifaceted; through ... More


Social Policy, Democracy, and Citizenship in Southern Europe

Marisol García and Neovi Karakatsanis

in Democracy and the State in the New Southern Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199202812
eISBN:
9780191708008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202812.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Democratization

Despite aggregate-level increases in social welfare spending over the three decades following democratization, Southern European countries still do not provide universal coverage for citizens. ... More


Old Problems and New Challenges: The Enduring and Changing Functions of Southern European State Bureaucracies 1

Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos

in Democracy and the State in the New Southern Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199202812
eISBN:
9780191708008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202812.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Democratization

Despite variations among Southern European state bureaucracies, there are certain common features of the Southern European bureaucratic model, such as political clientelism at the higher echelons of ... More


Islamist Momentum in the Arab World: Jordan’s Islamic Action Front and Kuwait’s Islamic Constitutional Movement

Amaney A. Jamal

in Of Empires and Citizens: Pro-American Democracy or No Democracy at All?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149646
eISBN:
9781400845477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149646.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter first offers a general overview of Islamist positions vis-è-vis the United States in both Jordan and Kuwait. Second, it emphasizes the exogenous nature of anti-Americanism, arguing that ... More


Morocco: Support for the Status Quo

Amaney A. Jamal

in Of Empires and Citizens: Pro-American Democracy or No Democracy at All?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149646
eISBN:
9781400845477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149646.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on Morocco, highlighting how citizens across the North African monarchy rationalize authoritarianism through the prism of strategic utility to U.S. (and EU) ties. Morocco ... More


Conclusion

Tom Gallagher

in Romania and the European Union: How the Weak Vanquished the Strong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077432
eISBN:
9781781702260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077432.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

It is clear that Romania joined with the accession criteria relaxed or even set aside in key areas. The European Union (EU) revealed itself to be an institution that had great difficulty projecting ... More


Explaining Patterns of Centralism and Localism

Edward C. Page

in Localism and Centralism in Europe: The Political and Legal Bases of Local Self-Government

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277279
eISBN:
9780191684166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277279.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the theoretical approaches to understanding cross-national variation in centralism and localism. It examines why countries differ in their patterns of centralism and localism ... More


Party Patronage as an Organizational Resource

Petr Kopecky and Peter Mair

in Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599370
eISBN:
9780191741517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides a theoretical and conceptual background to the entire volume. This chapter shows, firstly, that traditional literature associates patronage with electoral strategies and ... More


Party Patronage in Ireland: Changing Parameters

Eoin O’Malley, Stephen Quinlan, and Peter Mair

in Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599370
eISBN:
9780191741517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter looks at the changing parameters of party patronage in Ireland. There are good reasons to expect that party patronage would be extensive, because there is a culture of clientelism and ... More


Party Patronage in Italy: A Matter for Solitary Leaders

Fabrizio Di Mascio

in Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599370
eISBN:
9780191741517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the recent trends of patronage in Italy. The empirical analysis reveals still high, albeit decreasing, aggregate levels of political appointments in Italy, while at the same ... More


Cities, Business, and the Politics of Urban Violence In Latin America

Eduardo Moncada

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804794176
eISBN:
9780804796903
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804794176.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book argues that the interaction between urban political economies and patterns of armed territorial control shape the nature and trajectory of the ways in which developing world cities confront ... More


Recruitment, Organization, and Performance

Peter Partner

in The Pope’s Men: The Papal Civil Service in the Renaissance

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198219958
eISBN:
9780191678394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219958.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the different recruitment patterns, the organization of Roman court offices, and the performance of Roman court officials. In the late medieval and early modern societies, ... More


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