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Property, Privilege, and Law

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269250
eISBN:
9780191600708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269250.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In principle, bishops were responsible for ecclesiastical revenues, but in practice other powers had secured vested rights over them. Tithes formed a basic part of the income of the church, while ... More


The Evolving Roles and Responsibilities of House Officers in the Antebellum Era

Jeffery A. Jenkins and Charles Stewart III

in Fighting for the Speakership: The House and the Rise of Party Government

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691118123
eISBN:
9781400845460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691118123.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the evolving roles and responsibilities of House officers in the antebellum era. An analysis of each of the major House officer positions—mainly the Speaker, but also the Clerk ... More


Bringing the Selection of House Officers into the Open

Jeffery A. Jenkins and Charles Stewart III

in Fighting for the Speakership: The House and the Rise of Party Government

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691118123
eISBN:
9781400845460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691118123.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines how viva voce voting raised the stakes in speakership elections and all House officer elections more generally. The move to a viva voce vote for House Speaker helped inaugurate ... More


Epilogue: “Poor Harry!”

Tinsley E. Yarbrough

in Harry A. Blackmun: The Outsider Justice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195141238
eISBN:
9780199851577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141238.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Although Justice Blackmun held a high position in one of the world's most powerful and influential institutions, Blackmun's psychologist daughter Nancy explained how, because of his childhood and his ... More


On the Make: Clerks and the Quest for Capital in Nineteenth-Century America

Brian P. Luskey

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814752289
eISBN:
9780814753484
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814752289.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

In the bustling cities of the mid-nineteenth-century Northeast, young male clerks working in commercial offices and stores were on the make, persistently seeking wealth, respect, and ... More


The Government of London: A Civic Bureaucracy

Caroline M. Barron

in London in the Later Middle Ages: Government and People 1200-1500

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199257775
eISBN:
9780191717758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257775.003.08
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines the emergence of the civic bureaucracy or civil service which implemented the decisions taken in the Courts of Aldermen and Common Council. The emergence of the three most ... More


The Surprising Ubiquity of the Samuelson Configuration: Paul Samuelson and the Natural Sciences

James B. Cooper and Thomas Russell

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter appraises one aspect of how Samuelson adopted the methods of physics for economics. Samuelson is considered a leader in adopting the concepts of optimization with constraints to ... More


Conclusion: Conscience and the Composition of Piers Plowman

SARAH WOOD

in Conscience and the Composition of Piers Plowman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653768
eISBN:
9780191741678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653768.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, Poetry

The Conclusion turns from the internal ‘history’ of the poem's process of composition to its external history. The multiple discourses upon which Langland draws in his presentation of Conscience ... More


Young Women, Work, and Family in England 1918-1950

Selina Todd

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199282753
eISBN:
9780191712494
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282753.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book gives an account of young women's lives, challenges, and existing assumptions about working class life and womanhood in England between the end of the First World War and the beginning of ... More


Young Women and Work

Selina Todd

in Young Women, Work, and Family in England 1918-1950

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199282753
eISBN:
9780191712494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282753.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the centrality of paid work to young women's lives, and the expansion in their employment opportunities following the First World War, which accelerated further during the 1930s ... More


Writing and Presenting Private Petitions

GWILYM DODD

in Justice and Grace: Private Petitioning and the English Parliament in the Late Middle Ages

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202805
eISBN:
9780191708015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202805.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The chapter completes the book's consideration of the private petition by focussing on the mechanics of complaint in the late medieval parliament. It considers how and where petitions were drafted, ... More


Producers

H. K. Woudhuysen

in Sir Philip Sidney and the Circulation of Manuscripts, 1558–1640

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198129660
eISBN:
9780191671821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198129660.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

In early modern England the ability to write, and to write with a clear hand, was valuable, opening up a career as a scrivener, a secretary, a clerk, or a copyist. All of these wrote or copied ... More


Stress, Selves, and Subjectivity

Daniel Brown

in Hopkins' Idealism: Philosophy, Physics, Poetry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183532
eISBN:
9780191674051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183532.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines English poet Gerald Manley Hopkins' thoughts on the concepts of stress, selves, and subjectivity. It explains that Hopkins used the field model to represent being or stress not ... More


Evidence and Method: Scientific Strategies of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell

Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199921850
eISBN:
9780199332892
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921850.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What is meant by scientific evidence, and how can a definition of this concept be applied in the sciences to determine whether observed facts constitute evidence that a given theory is true? This ... More


Letters of the Middling Sort: Confronting Problems of Business, Religion, Gender, and Class

Susan E. Whyman

in The Pen and the People: English Letter Writers 1660-1800

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199532445
eISBN:
9780191714535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532445.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter shows how middling-sort merchants, writing clerks, and dissenters used letters to work out problems regarding business, religion, gender and class. Letters of four generations of Tucker ... More


Why Did Men Become Papal Officials?

Peter Partner

in The Pope’s Men: The Papal Civil Service in the Renaissance

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198219958
eISBN:
9780191678394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219958.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses and provides examples on the different career patterns that made twenty-two secretaries and chamber clerks into cardinals and popes. During the Renaissance period, 39 per cent ... More


Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Carlo Cercignani

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book looks at the life and personality, the scientific and philosophical work of Ludwig Boltzmann, an Austrian physicist who made significant contributions to the development of the atomic ... More


The Psychology of the Supreme Court

Lawrence S. Wrightsman

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195306040
eISBN:
9780199894093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306040.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

With the media spotlight on the recent developments concerning the Supreme Court, more and more people have become increasingly interested in the highest court in the land. Who are the justices that ... More


Sojourning the Waste Land: Friendship, Thought, and Poetry in the Age of Eliot

Bradley J. Birzer

in Russell Kirk: American Conservative

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166186
eISBN:
9780813166643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166186.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Continuing the themes of chapter 5, this chapter looks at the relationship between Kirk and T. S. Eliot, noting the profound influence they had on each other. It also carefully considers the ... More


The Church Orders: An Introduction

Joseph Herl

in Worship Wars in Early Lutheranism Choir, Congregation and Three Centuries of Conflict

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195365849
eISBN:
9780199864263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365849.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Lutheran agendas and church orders—documents containing regulations concerning church life, doctrine, and the liturgy—present a complex tapestry of liturgical life among early Lutherans. It included ... More


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