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Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Victor A. Albert (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Parsimony analysis (cladistics) has long been one of the most widely used methods of phylogenetic inference in the fields of systematic and evolutionary biology. Moreover, it has mathematical ... More


Cladistic principles and linguistic reality: the case of West Germanic

Don Ringe

in Laws and Rules in Indo‐European

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199609925
eISBN:
9780191741579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609925.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Only shared innovations which are unlikely to have occurred independently can prove shared history; therefore languages are assigned to the same clade only if they share a ‘critical mass’ of ... More


How to reconstruct evolutionary history

Richard Byrne

in The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses how the evolutionary history of a living species can be worked out even if its fossil ancestors cannot be found with certainty. The method relies on a subject called ... More


Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Sandra Knapp (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Cladistics, or phylogenetic systematics — an approach to discovering, unraveling, and testing hypotheses of evolutionary history — took hold during a turbulent and acrimonious time in the history of ... More


How Can We Reconstruct Evolutionary History?

Michel Laurin

in How Vertebrates Left the Water

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266476
eISBN:
9780520947986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266476.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter attempts to reconstruct evolutionary history. Inferring phylogenetic relationships between taxa and character evolution requires relatively sophisticated methods. The chapter describes ... More


Beyond Belief: The Steady Resurrection of Phenetics

David M. Williams, Malte C. Ebach, and Quentin D. Wheeler

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In his account of the history of numerical taxonomy, P. H. A. Sneath argued that Hennigian cladistics is a side issue that has not proven its value, and that numerical taxonomy is “the greatest ... More


: Chris Humphries, Cladistics, and Connections

David M. Williams, Kåre Bremer, and Sandra Knapp

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

By way of introduction, this short piece describes a few subjects that attracted Chris Humphries's attention during his thirty-plus years as botanist and systematist. These include botanical ... More


: Ontogeny and Systematics Revisited: Developmental Models and Model Organisms

Stephen Blackmore and Alexandra H. Wortley

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This Festschrift for Chris Humphries provides an opportunity to reflect on how much has changed in systematic biology since the 1970s. Humphries, together with his longtime collaborator, Kåre Bremer, ... More


Rooted in Cladistics: Chris Humphries, Conservation—and Beyond?

Richard I. Vane-Wright

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The various contributions that Chris Humphries made to the biodiversity conservation movement during the early 1990s were literally and severally “rooted in cladistics.” Soon after finishing his PhD, ... More


Floras to Phylogenies: Why Descriptive Taxonomy Matters

Sandra Knapp and J. Robert Press

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Taxonomy has also been characterized as description, phylogeny, and identification. Description is central to most visions of what the science of taxonomy should be, but the importance and prominence ... More


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