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The Senior Civil Service in France

Luc Rouban

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In France, the notion of a senior civil servant is a social rather than a legal one, and senior civil servants may be defined through their role as privileged partners of political power and ... More


The Senior Civil Service in the Netherlands: A Quest for Unity

Frits M. Van Der Meer and Jos C. N. Raadschelders

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Dutch society takes pride in its egalitarian character, and political and administrative officeholders are neither separated off nor placed on a pedestal. This general attitude originates in the ... More


A Description of the Greek Higher Civil Service

Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Formally, the higher civil service of Greece is a powerful group, but it also has a legitimate claim to relative powerlessness. Its subservient role is correlated with the perennial and problematic ... More


The Senior Civil Service in Belgium

Marleen Brans and Annie Hondeghem

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Belgian senior civil service is in transition, with external pressures clearly pushing the government firmly towards a reform agenda and improving public confidence in the administrative system, ... More


The Welfare State Managers: Senior Civil Servants in Sweden

Jon Pierre and Peter Ehn

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first part of this chapter discusses retrenchment, recent institutional changes, and senior civil servants in Sweden; it attributes the recent changes in the senior civil service to the budgetary ... More


Spain: Still the Primacy of Corporatism?

Ignacio Molinaxs Álvarez De Cienfuegos

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Starts with an account of the Spanish administration over the last two decades (to 1997); includes a definition of the Spanish civil service bureaucratic élite as composed at the top level (which ... More


Senior Officials in Austria

Barbara Liegl and Wolfgang C. Müller

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

First provides an overview of the formal structure of the civil service in post‐war Austria and the position of senior officials within it. Includes a discussion of recent changes aimed at making the ... More


Senior Officials in the Danish Central Administration: From Bureaucrats to Policy Professionals and Managers

Hanne Nexø Jensen and Tim Knudsen

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Danish senior civil service has a mixture of older and newer traditions, in which history and tradition are very important. Accordingly, this chapter starts by summarizing the historical ... More


Reforming the German Civil Servant Pension Plan

Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Ralph Rogalla

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the risks and rewards of moving from an unfunded defined benefit pension system to a funded plan for civil servants in Germany, allowing for alternative portfolio mixes using a ... More


The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Gary Anderson

Olivia S. Mitchell (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

People covered by public pensions are often the subject of ‘pension envy’, that is, their benefits might seem more generous and their contributions lower than those offered by the private sector. Yet ... More


Italy's Senior Civil Service: An Ossified World

Sabino Cassese

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The beginning of the twentieth century saw a progressive southernization of jobs in the Italian public sector, with a sizeable migration of personnel from South to North. In 1995, some 35% of civil ... More


Mandarins as Managers

Anthony King

in The British Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199576982
eISBN:
9780191702235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576982.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter describes and explains what happened in the decades since Richard Neustadt wrote. Neustadt was an American academic who arrived in Britain in the autumn of 1961. He wrote a conference ... More


Introduction

Edward C. Page and Vincent Wright

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

It is argued that existing theories and accounts of change in state bureaucracies — which centre mainly on bureaucracy and changing role perceptions — are of little help in understanding how the ... More


Conclusion: Senior Officials in Western Europe

Edward C. Page and Vincent Wright

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The conclusion starts by noting that there are clearly highly diverse trends in the development of bureaucracy in Western Europe, and that, although in some countries patterns of change are quite ... More


Austria: Imperfect Parliamentarism but Fully-fledged Party Democrac y

Wolfgang C. Müller

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews the mechanisms of delegation and accountability in post-war Austria. Discusses how political parties structure these processes and analyses the institutional constraints on parliamentary ... More


The Civil Service: Personnel Policies

Ian Scott

in The Public Sector in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622091726
eISBN:
9789882207578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622091726.003.0025
Subject:
History, Political History

New public management is the name given to the reforms within the public sector that are aimed at reducing the size and cost of the public service, encouraging interchange of personnel between the ... More


The Paradox of Performance-Related Pay Systems: Why Do we Keep Adopting Them in the Face of Evidence that they Fail to Motivate?

David Marsden

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This chapter analyses the case of pay for performance in the British Civil Service since the 1980s, which progressively moved from a 19th-century classified pay system (in which pay rises came either ... More


Finland: Polarized Pluralism in the Shadow of a Strong Presiden t

Tapio Raunio and Matti Wiberg

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Describes the chain of delegation in the context of a semi-presidential democracy. The Finnish president has wide-ranging powers and is a strong political player, which influences the patterns of ... More


Policy Bureaucrats

Edward C Page and Bill Jenkins

in Policy Bureaucracy: Government with a Cast of Thousands

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199280414
eISBN:
9780191700118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280414.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Civil servants are classified accordingly and the comparisons of each hierarchical position are defined by the power they acquire in the organisation. Those in the higher civil service are referred ... More


Civil Servants and the Onset of Passive Resistance

Conan Fischer

in The Ruhr Crisis 1923-1924

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208006
eISBN:
9780191716607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208006.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explains how an intense struggle developed between the French and the Prussian/German authorities to assert de facto sovereignty in the Rhineland and occupied Ruhr District. The Prussian ... More


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