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John Locke and Natural Philosophy

Peter R. Anstey

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589777
eISBN:
9780191725487
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589777.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book studies Locke's views on the content and method of natural philosophy. Focusing on his Essay concerning Human Understanding, but also drawing extensively from Locke's other writings and ... More


Iatrochemistry

Peter R. Anstey

in John Locke and Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589777
eISBN:
9780191725487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589777.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues from an analysis of Locke's notebooks and correspondence, that Locke practised a form of mercurialist transmutational chymistry derived largely from Robert Boyle. It also shows ... More


Promethean Ambitions: Alchemy and the Quest to Perfect Nature

William R. Newman

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226577128
eISBN:
9780226577135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577135.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In this book, the author uses alchemy to investigate the thinning boundary between the natural and the artificial. Focusing primarily on the period between 1200 and 1700, he examines the labors of ... More


Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry

William R. Newman and Lawrence M. Principe

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226577111
eISBN:
9780226577050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577050.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

What actually took place in the private laboratory of a mid-seventeenth-century alchemist? How did he direct his quest after the secrets of Nature? What instruments and theoretical principles did he ... More


Chymists in the Mining Business

Hjalmar Fors

in The Limits of Matter: Chemistry, Mining, and Enlightenment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226194998
eISBN:
9780226195049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226195049.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter begins with an introduction of late seventeenth century chymistry, and shows how actors in the Holy Roman Empire and the European North perceived it as economically oriented and useful ... More


Theory and Practice: Starkey's Laboratory Methodology

in Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226577111
eISBN:
9780226577050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577050.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Starkey's working laboratory methodology proved to be coherent and sophisticated in several ways. Starkey also developed the quantitative techniques of Helmontian chymistry into labor-saving and ... More


The Legacy of Van Helmont's and Starkey's Chymistry: Boyle, Homberg, and the Chemical Revolution

in Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226577111
eISBN:
9780226577050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577050.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Boyle's mechanical interpretations of exantlated acids and the dissolution of materials by the alkahest—such as Van Helmont's explanations of these phenomena—focused on the changes induced in a ... More


Conclusion

in Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226577111
eISBN:
9780226577050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577050.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chemistry is not an armchair activity. The historical assessments of early chymists have, until quite recently, been oddly bifurcated: different schools of historical interpretation have tended to ... More


Atoms and Souls

Richard T. W. Arthur

in Monads, Composition, and Force: Ariadnean Threads through Leibniz's Labyrinth

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198812869
eISBN:
9780191850653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812869.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is built around the resolution of an enigma: why do atoms feature so prominently in Leibniz’s earlier writings when indivisibility is precluded by actually infinite division, which he ... More


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