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SLAKING OUR THIRST: The Cholera Bacteria and Its Toxic Viruses

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the cholera bacterium, Vibrio cholerae and its toxic viruses. The cholera bacterium causes disease and death when the infection results in a continual watery diarrhea that ... More


The community ecology of Vibrio cholerae

Kathryn L. Cottingham and Julia M. Butzler

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Vibrio cholerae, the causal agent of cholera, is a heterotrophic bacterium found in aquatic environments around the world. Although understanding the ecology of V. cholerae is ... More


Not Far from Anywhere

James Carter

in Heart of Buddha, Heart of China: The Life of Tanxu, a Twentieth-Century Monk

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195398854
eISBN:
9780199894413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398854.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The first quarter of Tanxu’s life was dominated by war, death, and dislocation. Figuring prominently in this chapter is Tanxu’s (then called Wang Futing) death and encounter in the underworld with ... More


The History and Development of a Pilgrim Center

James G. Lochtefeld

in God's Gateway: Identity and Meaning in a Hindu Pilgrimage Place

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195386141
eISBN:
9780199866380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386141.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter details Hardwar’s mundane history, gleaned from multiple sources. For centuries, Hardwar’s primary attraction was a spring bathing festival—which has drawn larger numbers for the Kumbha ... More


Robert Koch: Pure Science?

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0076
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The cellular pathology of Virchow made a fundamental new orientation possible thus he is considered as the “icon of an era.” The new methods adopted by Virchow enabled him and many other physicians ... More


Cholera in London and Urban Tree Canopy in Baltimore: Linking Science and Decision Making Through Patch Dynamics

J. Morgan Grove, Mary L. Cadenasso, Steward T. A. Pickett, Gary E. Machlis, and William R. Burch

in The Baltimore School of Urban Ecology: Space, Scale, and Time for the Study of Cities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300101133
eISBN:
9780300217865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101133.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter presents two examples to illustrate the utility of a patch dynamics approach for decision making: London's cholera epidemic of 1854 and Baltimore's urban tree canopy goal and ... More


Cholera, Commerce, and the Ka'aba: Epidemics and the Haj from India

Saurabh Mishra

in Pilgrimage, Politics, and Pestilence: The Haj from the Indian Subcontinent, 1860-1920

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070603
eISBN:
9780199080007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070603.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1865 the first massive epidemic of cholera occurred in Mecca and caused havoc in various countries of Europe. Brought by the pilgrims, the disease seemed to travel fast and deep into territories ... More


Medicalizing Mecca: European Policies and Pilgrims' Experiences in Mecca

Saurabh Mishra

in Pilgrimage, Politics, and Pestilence: The Haj from the Indian Subcontinent, 1860-1920

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070603
eISBN:
9780199080007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070603.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The study of sanitary regulations around the Haj has shown that, by the late nineteenth century, Mecca became deeply embedded within medical debates. It was discussed all over the world and found a ... More


Crippled in Body, But Not in Mind

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0024
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter twenty-four follows Hodge into a feverish period of publishing as he completes some twenty articles for the Repertory along with three variations of his Romans commentary. During this period, ... More


Charles Scott Sherrington: The Integrated Nervous System

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Charles Scott Sherrington is a scientist best known for his work on how the elements of the nervous system join together functionally. In 1885, the year in which he completed his medical degree, ... More


City Cleansing

Suellen Hoy

in Chasing Dirt: The American Pursuit of Cleanliness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195111286
eISBN:
9780199854011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111286.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter tackles the aftermath of war where crusades for cleanliness reappeared as lack of hygiene posed new threats to the health and well-being of the nation and its citizenry posed an even ... More


Cuba’s Role in Haiti: Hurricanes, an Earthquake, and Cholera

John M. Kirk

in Healthcare Without Borders: Understanding Cuban Medical Internationalism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061054
eISBN:
9780813051338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061054.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Cuba has had a large medical presence in Haiti since 1998, when Hurricane Georges devastated the country. Cuba responded by sending hundreds of medical staff to help with emergency medical support. ... More


Smallpox

Anne Hardy

in The Epidemic Streets: Infectious Diseases and the Rise of Preventive Medicine 1856–1900

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203773
eISBN:
9780191675966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203773.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The nineteenth-century history of smallpox has been largely neglected by historians in favour of that of cholera, yet it was in this period that the techniques were developed by which the disease was ... More


Typhoid

Anne Hardy

in The Epidemic Streets: Infectious Diseases and the Rise of Preventive Medicine 1856–1900

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203773
eISBN:
9780191675966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203773.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Typhoid was the common fever of the nineteenth century. It was perhaps the most democratic of the preventable diseases, common among the poor, but attacking the aristocracy and the well-to-do with ... More


Infectious Disease Epidemiology: Beyond Bacteria

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the epidemiology of infectious diseases. By the end of the 19th century, the significant role of microorganisms in many diseases of humans and other species was ... More


The Culture of Disaster

Marie-Hélène Huet

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226358215
eISBN:
9780226358239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226358239.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

From antiquity through the Enlightenment, disasters were attributed to the obscure power of the stars or the vengeance of angry gods. As philosophers sought to reassess the origins of natural ... More


Disease and Democracy: The Industrialized World Faces AIDS

Peter Baldwin

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520243507
eISBN:
9780520940796
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520243507.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This book is a comparative analysis of how Western democratic nations have coped with AIDS. The book's exploration of divergent approaches to the epidemic in the United States and several European ... More


Public Health and Biopolitics: Disciplining Through Disease Control

Kyung Moon Hwang

in Rationalizing Korea: "The Rise of the Modern State, 1894-1945"

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520288317
eISBN:
9780520963276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288317.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines public health and disease control through the state’s efforts at combatting cholera and venereal disease. It considers the impact of Joseon practices and conventions, the ... More


Calomel, Cholera, and Science 1825–1865

James A. Ramage and Andrea S. Watkins

in Kentucky Rising: Democracy, Slavery, and Culture from the Early Republic to the Civil War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813134406
eISBN:
9780813135977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813134406.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

John Esten Cooke, a doctor and professor at Transylvania University, asserted that gases or bad air caused congestion in the blood vessels and liver, and the cure was to remove the congestion with ... More


Chapter XII

Mushirul Hasan

in Exploring the West: Three Travel Narratives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198063117
eISBN:
9780199080199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198063117.003.0066
Subject:
History, Indian History

The author talks about the slave governor of Jáfirábád, his return to Súrat, the death of the Nuwáb's eldest daughter, the Nuwáb of Cambay and his salt pans, the death of the Nuwáb of Súrat due to ... More


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