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The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Peter A. Klimley and Steven Oerding

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This book provides a resource on the biological and physiological characteristics of the cartilaginous fishes: sharks, rays, and chimaeras. In sixteen chapters, the book covers a broad spectrum of ... More


Brain Organization and Intelligence

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the anatomy of the brains of the cartilaginous fishes and their learning capabilities. Sharks, rays, and chimaeras can learn as quickly as birds and mammals, and have brains of ... More


Feeding Behavior and Biomechanics

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the anatomy of the jaws and teeth of cartilaginous fishes as well as the role of the muscles and teeth in jaw extension, seizure, and handling of prey. Most sharks, rays, and ... More


An Introduction to the Cartilaginous Fishes

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

There are currently 503 species of sharks, 699 species of rays, and 49 species of chimaeras in the class Chondrichthyes. The name Chondrichthyes comes from the Greek prefix khondros meaning ... More


Evolutionary History

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the long evolutionary history of the cartilaginous fishes. Topics covered include the sharks and chimaeras of the Paleozoic era (species diversification, Early Paleozoic ... More


Body Design and Swimming Modes

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the swimming styles of sharks, rays, and chimaeras. It covers differences in their skeletal and muscular anatomy; their skin and the dermal denticles that cover their bodies; ... More


Water and Ionic Regulation

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes the internal hydro-mineral balance of the sharks, rays, and chimaeras, with special attention given to how species regulate the salt composition of their tissues in order to ... More


Sense of Hearing: Mechanoreception

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses how sharks, rays, and chimaeras are able to locate their prey and avoid predators from large distances. This sense is called mechanoreception because mechanical disturbances of ... More


Sense of Electromagnetic Fields: Electroreception/Magnetoreception

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the electromagnetic sense which enables sharks, rays, and chimaeras to find their way in the apparently featureless ocean by following the subtle patterns of magnetization on ... More


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