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Cancer Incidence and Mortality in England and Wales: Trends and Risk Factors

Anthony Swerdlow, Isabel Dos Santos Silva, and Richard Doll

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192627483
eISBN:
9780191723698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192627483.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cancer causes a quarter of all deaths in England and Wales. There is great professional and public interest in cancer trends, but no satisfactory source to which to turn to find information about ... More


Mary in Childbirth

Jennifer A. Glancy

in Corporal Knowledge: Early Christian Bodies

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195328158
eISBN:
9780199777143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328158.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

Chapter 4 examines the earliest representations of Mary in childbirth in writings dating from the second and early third centuries, including Odes of Solomon, Ascension of Isaiah, Protevangelium of ... More


The Puzzling Rise in Childbearing Outside Marriage

John Ermisch

in Understanding Social Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263143
eISBN:
9780191734939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263143.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter analyses the rise of incidence in childbearing outside marriage. In the last quarter of the twentieth century, the percentage of births outside marriage rose from 9% in 1975 to 40% in ... More


Teenage pregnancy: The making and unmaking of a problem

Lisa Arai

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420749
eISBN:
9781447303688
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420749.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

In the last decades of the 20th century, successive British governments have regarded adolescent pregnancy and childbearing as a significant public health and social problem. Youthful pregnancy was ... More


The Institutional Context of Population Change: Patterns of Fertility and Mortality across High-Income Nations

Fred C. Pampel

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226645254
eISBN:
9780226645278
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Despite having similar economies and political systems, high-income nations show persistent diversity. This work looks at fertility, suicide, and homicide rates in eighteen high-income nations to ... More


The Treatment of Children During Conflict

Eric Greitens

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Armed conflicts in recent decades have been more deadly for civilians in general and children in particular than in many earlier wars. The impact of conflict on children eludes simple explanation, ... More


Helpmeets

Anne Stott

in Wilberforce: Family and Friends

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199699391
eISBN:
9780191739132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699391.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter briefly summarizes the debate on separate spheres by relating the concept to the lives of the Clapham sect. It is argued that though the men lived public lives, they spent their private ... More


Teenage Childbearing and Personal Responsibility: An Alternative View

Arline T. Geronimus

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0025
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines teenage pregnancy and its place in recent welfare reform proposals and legislation. It discusses the consequences of teenage childbearing, its social costs, and labor market ... More


The Nursery and the Parlor: 1838–1841

Joan D. Hedrick

in Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096392
eISBN:
9780199854288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096392.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Unlike the male-dominated marriages of the 18th century, Calvin Stowe and Harriet Beecher Stowe's union was a “companionate marriage” —increasingly the middle-class norm. The marital concept of ... More


Mother And Child

David Cressy

in Birth, Marriage, and Death: Ritual, Religion, and the Life-Cycle in Tudor and Stuart England

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201687
eISBN:
9780191674983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201687.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the experience of the mother and her child immediately following birth in Tudor and Stuart England. The midwife was responsible for checking the health condition of the newborn ... More


Choriocarcinoma

JULIE R. PALMER and COLLEEN M. FELTMATE

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0056
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Gestational choriocarcinoma is an extremely rare cancer that occurs in women of childbearing age. The malignancy arises from the trophoblastic epithelium of the placenta, which is formed from ... More


Reproducing Women: Medicine, Metaphor, and Childbirth in Late Imperial China

Yi-Li Wu

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260689
eISBN:
9780520947610
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260689.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book uses the lens of cultural history to examine the development of medicine in Qing dynasty China. Focusing on the specialty of “medicine for women” (fuke), the book explores the material and ... More


Society of Others: Kinship and Mourning in a West Papuan Place

Rupert Stasch

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520256859
eISBN:
9780520943322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256859.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This study upsets the popular assumption that human relations in small-scale societies are based on shared experience. In a theoretically innovative account of the lives of the Korowai of West Papua, ... More


Historical Perspectives on Marriage

Arland Thornton, William G. Axinn, and Yu Xie

in Marriage and Cohabitation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226798660
eISBN:
9780226798684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226798684.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter is based on the premise that understanding the forces underlying marriage and cohabitation in the United States today is facilitated by knowledge of the historical roots of family life. ... More


Sources of Influence on the College Goals, Sexual Behavior, and Childbearing Attitudes of Latina Girls in Alternative High Schools

Laura F. Romo, Claudia Kouyoumdjian, and Marguerita Lightfoot

in Academic Motivation and the Culture of School in Childhood and Adolescence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195326819
eISBN:
9780199847532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326819.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Research studies have revealed that educational goals and academic motivation are linked to adolescents' sexual behavior and attitudes. Teenage pregnancy and early parenthood diminishes the chances ... More


A Century of the American Family

Donna Ruane Morrison

in Cross Currents: Family Law and Policy in the US and England

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268208
eISBN:
9780191683442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268208.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Family Law

The present state of the American family is commonly interpreted as a ‘sign of the times’, a by-product of contemporary values and culture and the economic forces that shape modern life. Taking a ... More


Why Families Are a National Security Issue

Merry Isaacs White

in Perfectly Japanese: Making Families in an Era of Upheaval

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520217546
eISBN:
9780520936591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520217546.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the cries and alarms of contemporary commentators worried about the shrinking birthrate in Japan. The need to ensure the futures of offspring makes demands on family economics ... More


Teamwork: An Obstetrician, a Midwife, and a Doula in Brazil

Ricardo Herbert Jones

in Birth Models That Work

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520248632
eISBN:
9780520943339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248632.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter describes the individual paradigm shift and the options that this shift has created for the women. This “birth model that works” is a replicable model of simplicity: a doctor, a midwife, ... More


Soul Mates: Religion, Sex, Love, and Marriage among African Americans and Latinos

W. Bradford Wilcox and Nicholas Wolfinger

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780195394221
eISBN:
9780190263652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394221.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

A great deal of research focuses on challenges facing African American and Latino families. Soul Mates takes a different tack, exploring how religious faith—more common among these two groups than it ... More


‘A beauty treatment that leaves us glowing’? Female masturbation and its consequences

Diane Mason

in The Secret Vice: Masturbation in Victorian Fiction and Medical Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077142
eISBN:
9781781701089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077142.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter begins to take a broader look at the way the symptoms of masturbation can be seen to map over those of other conditions. The chapter commences with a detailed consideration of Victorian ... More


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