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The Two Faces of Innocence

Gary Cross

in The Cute and the Cool: Wondrous Innocence and Modern American Children's Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195156669
eISBN:
9780199868254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156669.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Today's newspapers and magazines regularly feature stories about schools — reports on test scores, changes in the curriculum, proposed laws to raise academic performance — and the latest findings on ... More


Bringing up a Child

Patricia Crawford

in Parents of Poor Children in England 1580-1800

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199204809
eISBN:
9780191709517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204809.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter focuses on how poor mothers and fathers raised their children, and on what they understood their parental duties to be. It discusses how material circumstances affected their capacity to ... More


Public Capital and Health

Pierre-Richard Agénor

in Public Capital, Growth and Welfare: Analytical Foundations for Public Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155807
eISBN:
9781400845392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155807.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines interactions among public capital, health, and economic growth, using both two- and three-period Allais–Samuelson Overlapping Generations models. The first model dwells on the ... More


Rethinking Innocence

Gary Cross

in The Cute and the Cool: Wondrous Innocence and Modern American Children's Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195156669
eISBN:
9780199868254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156669.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Innocence may define the modern child, but it has done so with great ambiguity. One version of the innocent presumes virginal sanctity in the spontaneous child, the other, a vulnerable but malleable ... More


Family Prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0022
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter evaluates family-based prevention programs or programs that target risk factors for delinquency and later offending that are associated with the family, such as poor child-rearing, poor ... More


The Cute Kid Images of a Wondrous Childhood

Gary Cross

in The Cute and the Cool: Wondrous Innocence and Modern American Children's Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195156669
eISBN:
9780199868254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156669.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The modern notion of the child as “cute” as opposed to merely adorable or even charming crosses a boundary. The meaning of the word “cute” underwent a transformation, from the manipulative and ... More


The Cultural Roots of Kinship Care

Rebecca L. Hegar

in Kinship Foster Care: Policy, Practice, and Research

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195109405
eISBN:
9780199865789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195109405.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

The foster placement of children with relatives is one of the oldest traditions in child rearing and the latest phenomena in formal child placement practice. This chapter explores the extent and ... More


A Family Venture: Men and Women on the Southern Frontier

Joan E. Cashin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195053449
eISBN:
9780199853861
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195053449.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book deals with the westward migration of the planter families of the seaboard South in the years before the Civil War. The book examines the decision of families to migrate, the effects ... More


The Epworth Experience

Gareth Lloyd

in Charles Wesley and the Struggle for Methodist Identity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199295746
eISBN:
9780191711701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295746.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Charles Wesley was a complex man in terms of his denominational identity and this ambiguity is reflected in the Methodist movement that he helped to found. Some of the keys to understanding Charles ... More


Relationships, Social Support Networks, and Parenting

Peter J. Pecora, Ronald C. Kessler, Jason Williams, A. Chris Downs, Diana J. English, James White, and Kirk O'Brien

in What Works in Foster Care?: Key Components of Success From the Northwest Foster Care Alumni Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195175912
eISBN:
9780199865628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175912.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Prior chapters have reported on alumni functioning in terms of physical and mental health; education; and employment and finances. This chapter focuses on the nature and quality of the relationships ... More


A Paradigm Shift in Developmental Perspectives?: The Self in Context

Dennis Saleebey

in Handbook of Community-Based Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195159226
eISBN:
9780199893843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159226.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Communities and Organizations

The idea that the development and socialization of children is a singular function of early life experience in the psychosocial interior of the family has been undergoing many challenges and ... More


Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice: How Women are Choosing Parenthood without Marriage and Creating the New American Family

Rosanna Hertz

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195179903
eISBN:
9780199944118
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179903.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

A remarkable number of women today are taking the daunting step of having children outside of marriage. This book offers a full-scale account of this fast-growing phenomenon, revealing why these ... More


Recreating Connections: Nonprofit Organizations’ Attempts to Foster Networking among Mothers of Preschoolers

Satsuki Kawano

in Capturing Contemporary Japan: Differentiation and Uncertainty

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824838683
eISBN:
9780824868895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824838683.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines attempts by nonprofit organizations to foster networks among mothers of preschoolers. Drawing on participant observation and interviews conducted in Tokyo in January–April 2009, ... More


The Make-or-Break Years: Thirty to Forty

Mary Ann Mason and Eve Mason Ekman

in Mothers on the Fast Track: How a New Generation Can Balance Family and Careers

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195182675
eISBN:
9780199944019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182675.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter suggests that the decade between thirty and forty is when women today make the hardest choices: whether to seek a fast-track position after securing their degree; whether to have a ... More


Cosmic Antagonisms: A Mother-Child Syndrome: (1974)*

Marjorie Topley

Jean DeBernardi (ed.)

in Cantonese Society in Hong Kong and Singapore: Gender, Religion, Medicine and Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028146
eISBN:
9789882206663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028146.003.0019
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The period immediately following the birth of a baby is a time of biological and emotional adjustment for mother and child, when, in the Chinese view, a variety of difficulties can be anticipated. ... More


Scientific Child Rearing, Organized Motherhood, and Parent Education

Alice Boardman Smuts

in Science in the Service of Children, 1893-1935

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108972
eISBN:
9780300128475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108972.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the concepts of “scientific child rearing” and “scientific motherhood,” which were common parlance at the time among well-educated women. Scientific child rearing was expected ... More


Mothers as Teachers at Home

Robert A. Levine, Sarah E. Levine, Beatrice Schnell-Anzola, Meredith L. Rowe, and Emily Dexter

in Literacy and Mothering: How Women’s Schooling Changes the Lives of the World's Children

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195309829
eISBN:
9780199932733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309829.003.0051
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines evidence from Mexico, Venezuela and Nepal indicating that experience in Western-type schools influences’ women’s maternal behavior in a pedagogical direction, involving verbal ... More


Feminist Methods: The Parents’ Support Group

Ellen Seiter

in Television and New Media Audiences

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198711421
eISBN:
9780191694905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198711421.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter explains the reasons behind choosing a parents support group: to provide necessary advice to first-time parents while preventing instances of child abuse as a focus group. Three group ... More


The Strange Situation of the Ethological Theory of Attachment: A Historical Perspective

Marga Vicedo

in The Cultural Nature of Attachment: Contextualizing Relationships and Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036900
eISBN:
9780262342872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036900.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the history of some challenges to John Bowlby’s and Mary Ainsworth’s ethological attachment theory (EAT). Bowlby and Ainsworth argued that the mother-infant relationship is a ... More


Raising Inclusively Caring, Morally Courageous Children and Altruism Born of Suffering

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the importance of raising inclusively caring children for a peaceful future. The experience of nurturance and affection, guidance by positive values and rules that express ... More


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