Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 212 items

  • Keywords: chemistry x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Structural crystallography provides key information to understand the mechanism involved for biological processes. The technique requires high‐quality crystals. The book Macromolecular ... More


In Search of Madness: Schizophrenia and Neuroscience

R. Walter Heinrichs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195122190
eISBN:
9780199865482
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122190.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book evaluates the progress of schizophrenia science by summarizing what is known about how patients with the illness differ from healthy people. The tools of meta-analysis are first explained ... More


The Structure of Physical Chemistry

C. N. Hinshelwood

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book is by C. N. Hinshelwood, the distinguished author and Nobel Laureate (1956). Physical chemistry is a difficult and diversified subject. Based on the experience of university teaching, this ... More


 Occult Chemistry, Instrumentation, and the Theosophical Science of Direct Perception

Mark S. Morrisson

in Modern Alchemy: Occultism and the Emergence of Atomic Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306965
eISBN:
9780199785414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306965.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses how the close relationship between Theosophical theories of matter and the new atomic science led Theosophists to launch a decades-long research program of “clairvoyant ... More


 Chemistry in the Borderland: Ramsay, Soddy, and the Transmutation Gold Rush

Mark S. Morrisson

in Modern Alchemy: Occultism and the Emergence of Atomic Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306965
eISBN:
9780199785414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306965.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter describes a “transmutational gold rush” which happened between 1904 and the 1920s. Academic chemists, working in an alchemy revival, attempted to transmute elements, even to make gold. ... More


Modern Alchemy: Occultism and the Emergence of Atomic Theory

Mark Morrisson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306965
eISBN:
9780199785414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306965.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

While many alchemists were intelligent and well-intentioned thinkers, their experiments are usually regarded as failed wizardry rather than scientific investigation. The alchemists' extreme goals ... More


Epilogue

Mark S. Morrisson

in Modern Alchemy: Occultism and the Emergence of Atomic Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306965
eISBN:
9780199785414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306965.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses alchemy in the 20th century. The connection of alchemy to atomic science persisted in occult alchemy circles during the 20th century and into the 21st century. Its move into ... More


Joseph Priestley, Enlightened Experimentalist

W. H. Brock

in Joseph Priestley, Scientist, Philosopher, and Theologian

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199215300
eISBN:
9780191706929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215300.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Priestley's observations and experiments enabled others to interpret nature in a new way. This chapter reviews these observations and experiments covering electrostatics, optics, pneumatic chemistry, ... More


The Weak Hydrogen Bond: In Structural Chemistry and Biology

Gautam Desiraju and Thomas Steiner

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509707
eISBN:
9780191708206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509707.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The weak hydrogen bond, also known as non-conventional hydrogen bond, has been the subject of intense scrutiny over recent years in several fields, in particular structural chemistry, structural ... More


Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Angelo Gavezzotti

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Intermolecular interactions stem from the electric properties of atoms. Being the cause of molecular aggregation, intermolecular forces are at the roots of chemistry and are the fabric of the world. ... More


Conclusions

GAUTAM R. DESIRAJU and THOMAS STEINER

in The Weak Hydrogen Bond: In Structural Chemistry and Biology

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509707
eISBN:
9780191708206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509707.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The weak hydrogen bond was first identified in 1935, but it was only in the early 1990s that it really permeated into the consciousness of chemists and biologists. It only seems natural that this ... More


Oxygen: A Four Billion Year History

Donald Eugene Canfield

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145020
eISBN:
9781400849888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145020.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

The air we breathe is 21 percent oxygen, an amount higher than on any other known world. While we may take our air for granted, Earth was not always an oxygenated planet. How did it become this way? ... More


Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Chih-Ming Ho (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

A universal goal of technological development is the enrichment of human life. The fast developments of nano/micro technologies enable us to directly handle a single cell or a single molecule. This ... More


Autocatalysis in Chemistry and the Origin of Life

John F. Padgett

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter provides an extensive review of the biochemistry literature on the origins of life where the concept of autocatalysis figures most prominently. There is a lively debate in the scientific ... More


Economic Production as Chemistry II

John F. Padgett, Peter McMahan, and Xing Zhong

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter further develops an agent-based model of economic production from the previous chapter. It shows that certain limitations intrinsic to the original hypercycle model—in particular, ... More


Marriage in the Minds of Emerging Adults

Mark Regnerus and Jeremy Uecker

in Premarital Sex in America: How Young Americans Meet, Mate, and Think about Marrying

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743285
eISBN:
9780199894741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743285.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the ideas of marriage in the minds of young adults. The vast majority of them wish to get married, yet the institution itself seems disconnected not only from ... More


Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Michael Polanyi (1891–1976) was born to a Viennese family living in Hungary. After obtaining a medical degree, he served in the Austro-Hungarian army in World War I, then chose Austrian citizenship ... More


Robert Boyle and the Study of Nature

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Robert Boyle was the chief apologist of the 17th century for the corpuscularian or mechanical philosophy. He was also a pious, though doubting and tormented Christian, and his adoption of a ... More


Emergence vs. Reduction in Chemistry

Robin Findlay Hendry

in Emergence in Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Let strict physicalism be any philosophical account of the ontological relationship between the subject matter of physics and other disciplines that is committed to the causal completeness of the ... More


 Early Years: 1891–1914

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Michael Polanyi was born in Budapest on March 11, 1891 to Mihály Pollacsek and Cecile Wohl, the fifth of their six children. This chapter describes Polanyi's family and cultural heritage, his ... More


View: