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Patterns and Practices in Three Process Industries: Petroleum, Chemical, and Pharmaceuticals

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes how computers came into the petroleum, chemical, and pharmaceutical process and manufacturing industries. It argues that computers fundamentally changed the nature of work in ... More


The Corporation Under Siege: Social Movements, Regulation, Public Relations, and Tort Law since the Second World War

David B. Sicilia

in Constructing Corporate America: History, Politics, Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251902
eISBN:
9780191719059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251902.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter examines the experiences of three US industries — chemical manufacturing, tobacco, and nuclear power — that came under political, legal, and rhetorical attack following World War II, and ... More


Industry Strategy and Technical Innovation, 1987–1992

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Examines the major changes in technology that followed the adoption of the Montreal Protocol in 1987 and the completion of the period of initial formation of the ozone protection regime. Examines the ... More


Canada

Alan M. Rugman

in Governments, Globalization, and International Business

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296058
eISBN:
9780191596209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296053.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Three themes are pursued in this case study on the impact of globalization on Canada. The first is that from a Canadian perspective, globalization means regionalization; by virtue of the FTA ... More


Industries and Workplaces

Hugo Rüdiger, Michael Nasterlack, Andreas Zober, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Although there are hazards that may be characteristic to a particular industry or workplace, individual workers may be primarily exposed to hazards that are not common to the industry as a whole. For ... More


The Canadian Speciality Chemicals Network

Alan M. Rugman and Joseph R. D’cruz

in Multinationals as Flagship Firms: Regional Business Networks

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199258185
eISBN:
9780191698521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258185.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, International Business

In this section, the chemicals industry of Canada is described, with emphasis on its two sub-categories: multinational corporations (MNEs) and small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Each type ... More


Transforming the Chemical Industry

Ken Geiser

in Chemicals without Harm: Policies for a Sustainable World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262012522
eISBN:
9780262327015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012522.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Many leading product manufacturers with brand name recognition maintain restricted substance lists and are working to assure that suppliers do not introduce those chemicals into their supply chains. ... More


/ An “American” Industry, 1919–1930

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the status of the synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States during the period 1919–1930. It first looks at German firms before turning to the major players in ... More


Understanding the Chemical Economy

Ken Geiser

in Chemicals without Harm: Policies for a Sustainable World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262012522
eISBN:
9780262327015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012522.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The global chemical industry makes up nearly 5 percent of worldwide gross domestic product with some $4.12 trillion in annual sales. The industry is highly integrated both vertically and horizontally ... More


/ Surviving the Peace: Economic War, 1919–1922

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the conditions of the synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States after World War I, with particular emphasis on the years 1919–1922. More specifically, it ... More


/ Customs, Courts, and Claims: The Industry and the Law, 1922–1930

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how the political and economic fallout from World War I affected the synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States during the period 1922–1930, especially with ... More


Industrial Progress and Recovery

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The failure of aggregate demand in the 1930s meant that employment and output in industrial economies declined, but the capabilities of these economies did not disappear with jobs. Idle capital ... More


/ Before the War

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the economy of synthetic organic chemicals prior to World War I, first by sketching a typical journey of a synthetic dye and a synthetic pharmaceutical from Germany to the ... More


/ AmericanManufacturers,German Chemicals: Dyes and Pharmaceuticals, 1914–1918

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the introduction of Germany's synthetic organic chemicals, dyes, and pharmaceuticals, to the United States and their manufacturing between 1914 and 1918. It considers how ... More


/ Ideology and Institutions: American Chemists Respond, 1914–1918

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the role played by chemists, many of which had trained in Germany, in building a synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States during World War I. More specifically, ... More


Hot Topics: Flame Retardants in the Public Sphere

Alissa Cordner

in Toxic Safety: "Flame Retardants, Chemical Controversies, and Environmental Health"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231171465
eISBN:
9780231541381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171465.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Chapter 2 provides an overview of the history of flame retardant production, regulation, research, and activism in the United States, from early controversies over toxic chemicals used in children’s ... More


Conclusion: The Pursuit of Chemical Justice

Alissa Cordner

in Toxic Safety: "Flame Retardants, Chemical Controversies, and Environmental Health"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231171465
eISBN:
9780231541381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171465.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

The Conclusion integrates the concepts and themes developed throughout the book to offer suggestions for regulators, environmental scientists, activists, and the chemical industry. It offers concrete ... More


Reframing the Chemicals Problem

Ken Geiser

in Chemicals without Harm: Policies for a Sustainable World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262012522
eISBN:
9780262327015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012522.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Developing a truly effective chemical management approach in the United States requires changing the way that the chemicals problem has been framed. Instead of controlling a few hundred truly ... More


Devising “Constructive Peacetime Uses”

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

When World War I ended, the United States shut down its poison gas plants for a time. But General Amos Fries and the chemical industry vowed to fight the dismantling of the precious apparatus they ... More


Introduction

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book documents the rise of the synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States during World War I and the 1920s. It examines the role played by government agencies, firms, and ... More


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