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Synapse Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Synapse model simulates the membrane potentials of three-compartment invertebrate neurons, comprising a soma, the neurite, and an axon. This model includes synaptic conductances to simulate ... More


Equations Underlying the Synapse Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Synapse model illustrates synaptic interactions among neurons. This chapter provides the equations for electrical coupling, for inhibitory and excitatory synaptic interactions, and for synaptic ... More


Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This textbook provides a unique and thorough look at the application of chemical biomarkers to aquatic ecosystems. Defining a chemical biomarker as a compound that can be linked to particular sources ... More


IPR and US Economic Catch‐Up

David C. Mowery

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses the case of USA, in which economic catch‐up with such European countries as Britain and Germany occurred during the final decades of the nineteenth century. Throughout this ... More


The Corporation Under Siege: Social Movements, Regulation, Public Relations, and Tort Law since the Second World War

David B. Sicilia

in Constructing Corporate America: History, Politics, Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251902
eISBN:
9780191719059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251902.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter examines the experiences of three US industries — chemical manufacturing, tobacco, and nuclear power — that came under political, legal, and rhetorical attack following World War II, and ... More


The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond: Outline of a Comprehensive Hydrogen Bond Theory

Gastone Gilli and Paola Gilli

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558964
eISBN:
9780191720949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558964.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Hydrogen bond (H-bond) effects are well known: it makes sea water liquid, joins cellulose microfibrils in sequoia trees, shapes DNA into chromosomes, and polypeptide chains into wool, hair, muscles, ... More


Introduction to Reactive Gas Dynamics

Raymond Brun

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199552689
eISBN:
9780191720277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552689.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The high enthalpy gas flows, associating high velocities, and high temperatures, are the scene of physical and chemical processes such as molecular vibrational excitation, dissociation, ionization, ... More


Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Edward A. Parson

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Offers the first comprehensive history of international efforts to protect the ozone layer by abandoning the use of chlorofluorohydrocarbons (CFCs), and underlines that this is the greatest success ... More


Industry Strategy and Technical Innovation, 1987–1992

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Examines the major changes in technology that followed the adoption of the Montreal Protocol in 1987 and the completion of the period of initial formation of the ozone protection regime. Examines the ... More


Europeanization and Organizational Change in National Trade Associations: An Organizational Ecology Perspective

Jürgen R. Grote and Achim Lang

in The Politics of Europeanization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252091
eISBN:
9780191599224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252092.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The first section of this chapter on Europeanization in relation to organizational change in national trade associations addresses the paradigm of Europeanization and business interest associations. ... More


Discussing Chemistry and Steam: The Minutes of a Coffee House Philosophical Society 1780-1787

Trevor H. Levere and Gerard L'E Turner (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515302
eISBN:
9780191705694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515302.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book contains an edition of the Minutes of the Coffee House Philosophical Society 1780-1787, as transcribed by William Nicholson, the secretary to the society. The 1780s were exciting years for ... More


Chemicals and Hazardous Substances

David Vogel

in The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691124162
eISBN:
9781400842568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691124162.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter looks at American and European policies toward the risks of chemicals and hazardous substances. The 1976 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) significantly strengthened American chemical ... More


Stochastic Modeling and Analysis

Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter explores stochastic behavior in biomolecular systems. It does so by first building on the preliminary discussion of stochastic modeling laid out in Chapter 2. The chapter reviews methods ... More


Chemicals without Harm: Policies for a Sustainable World

Ken Geiser

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262012522
eISBN:
9780262327015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012522.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Thousands of synthetic chemicals are used to make our clothing, cosmetics, household products and electronic devices. However, many of these chemicals are hazardous and potentially dangerous to our ... More


Patterns and Practices in Three Process Industries: Petroleum, Chemical, and Pharmaceuticals

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes how computers came into the petroleum, chemical, and pharmaceutical process and manufacturing industries. It argues that computers fundamentally changed the nature of work in ... More


Regulations for Radionuclides in the Environment

David C. Kocher

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses laws, regulations, and guidance for controlling exposures of the public to radionuclides in the environment. Topics discussed include the principal laws in the United States ... More


Photosynthetic Pigments: Chlorophylls, Carotenoids, and Phycobilins

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the primary photosynthetic pigments used in absorbing photosynthetically active radiation, which include chlorophylls, carotenoids, and phycobilins—with chlorophyll representing ... More


Attributes of propagules that aid dispersal

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses traits that determine dispersal of propagules by different vectors. It pays special attention to dispersal by air, water, animals, and humans, since these vectors have received ... More


The handicap principle and signalling in collaborative systems

Amotz Zahavi

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Signalling systems are by nature collaborations, since for a signal to be effective, the receiver has to cooperate with the signaller. The Handicap Principle (HP) ensures the reliability of signals, ... More


Chemical communication and the coordination of social interactions in insects

Patrizia d'Ettorre and Allen J Moore

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Effective communication, often involving pheromones, is a fundamental component of social life. Communication requires interactions to be expressed and it is convenient to consider communication ... More


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