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Perception without Awareness

Fred Dretske

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If psychologists can, as they say, really identify perception (of an object) without awareness (of that object), they must have a reasonably clear operational grasp of what perception and awareness ... More


When Are We Conscious? Attention and Availability

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Conscious Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195314595
eISBN:
9780199979059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314595.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

There is evidence that mere activity within perceptual systems is not sufficient for consciousness. This chapter begins by reviewing evidence for subliminal perception. This raises the question, when ... More


Perception

William Fish

in Perception, Hallucination, and Illusion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195381344
eISBN:
9780199869183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381344.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter develops a naive realist theory of veridical perception. It begins from the thought that the phenomenal character of our visual experiences is simply a matter of the scene before us but ... More


Uniting and Freeing the Mind

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter argues that the “divide and conquer” approach for understanding how the mind works (advocated by the traditional modular information-processing framework) has already provided about as ... More


Nonconceptual Content, Richness, and Fineness of Grain

Michael Tye

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter puts forth and defends three related claims about visual experience. First, it is argued that visual experiences have nonconceptual contents. Second, an explanation and defence is ... More


Attention

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Attention is crucial in vision, to avoid having the system overloaded by too much information. Some objects pop out, when distinguished from other objects around, and some do not. While objects on ... More


On the Inescapability of Phenomenology

Taylor Carman

in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199272457
eISBN:
9780191709951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272457.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Dennett's intellectualist theory of consciousness trades on an equivocation between weaker and stronger claims that might be leveled against traditional psychology and epistemology. Only the weaker ... More


Change Blindness and the Refrigerator Light Illusion

Michael Tye

in Consciousness Revisited: Materialism without Phenomenal Concepts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012737
eISBN:
9780262255172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012737.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on a phenomenon known as change blindness, wherein major changes can be made in pictures without the viewer being conscious of them. Various hypotheses have been put forward on ... More


The Diversity of Human Visual Experience

Howard C. Hughes, Robert Fendrich, and Sarah E. Streeter

in Perception and Its Modalities

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199832798
eISBN:
9780199381609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199832798.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In everyday parlance, the primary meaning of the verb “to see” is “to perceive by eye.” However, a variety of phenomena make it clear that visual percepts can be experienced despite an absence of ... More


Some Contentious Points

J. Kevin O’Regan

in Why Red Doesn’t Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the feel of consciousness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199775224
eISBN:
9780199919031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775224.003.0045
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The new view of seeing provides a solution to the question of why various defects of the visual apparatus pose no problem to us. It also explains results that are otherwise surprising, namely cases ... More


Consciousness Revisited: Materialism without Phenomenal Concepts

Michael Tye

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012737
eISBN:
9780262255172
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012737.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

We are material beings in a material world, but we are also beings who have experiences and feelings. How can these subjective states be just a matter of matter? To defend materialism, philosophical ... More


A Function-Centered Taxonomy of Visual Attention

Ronald A. Rensink

in Phenomenal Qualities: Sense, Perception, and Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198712718
eISBN:
9780191781049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712718.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is suggested that the relationship between visual attention and conscious visual experience can be simplified by distinguishing different aspects of both visual attention and visual experience. A ... More


Silencing the Awareness of Change

Jordan W. Suchow and George A. Alvarez

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0080
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

Determining whether an object is changing is usually a simple matter of looking at it. But sometimes looking is not enough. For example, in the case of change blindness, drastic changes to a viewed ... More


Consciousness, Attention, and Justification*

Susanna Siegel and Nicholas Silins

in Scepticism and Perceptual Justification

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199658343
eISBN:
9780191760983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658343.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is about the role in epistemology of consciousness outside attention. In Section 1 the chapter argues that we are indeed sometimes conscious of entities to which we do not attend, as ... More


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