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Immigration to the Land of Israel, 1808–1840

Arie Morgenstern

in Hastening Redemption: Messianism and the Resettlement of the Land of Israel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195305784
eISBN:
9780199784820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305787.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Jewish population of the Land of Israel more or less doubled in size between 1808 and 1840. A significant segment of the immigrants were disciples of the Vilna Ga’on, who undertook an organized ... More


Digital Applications in the Federal Government: The Social Security Administration, the Bureau of the Census, and the U.S. Postal Service

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the impact of IT on the work of the Social Security Administration (SSA), the Bureau of the Census, and the US Postal Service (USPS). All three organizations extensively use ... More


Dialogue With African States

Michael Banton

in International Action against Racial Discrimination

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280613
eISBN:
9780191598760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280610.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The collection of census data on the ethnic origin of the population poses political problems for many black African states. The discrimination that led towards genocide in Rwanda and Burundi was of ... More


Accounts of Science

Theodore M. Porter

in Accounting, Organizations, and Institutions: Essays in Honour of Anthony Hopwood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546350
eISBN:
9780191720048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546350.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

The standing of accounting among the academic disciplines has never been very high, in part because the work of accounting is not regarded as suitably creative. Yet when we think of knowledge as a ... More


The rise and rise of the spreadsheet

Martin Campbell-Kelly

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The mathematical table, as a paper-based artefact, is close to the end of its technological life. Tables had two main uses — as a calculating aid (such as a logarithm table) and as a data storage ... More


The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Martin Campbell-Kelly, Mary Croarken, Raymond Flood, and Eleanor Robson (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The oldest known mathematical table was found in the ancient Sumerian city of Shuruppag in southern Iraq. Since then, tables have been an important feature of mathematical activity; table making and ... More


Where Are We Exactly?

Kenneth Prewitt

in What Is "Your" Race?: The Census and Our Flawed Efforts to Classify Americans

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157030
eISBN:
9781400846795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157030.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter calls for very specific changes in the census race and ethnic questions. The strategy depends on a close understanding of the political and technical landscape. It is often the fine ... More


Introduction

Scott Eddie

in Landownership in Eastern Germany Before the Great War: A Quantitative Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198201663
eISBN:
9780191718434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201663.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter sets the historical stage, puts the study in context, and reviews the relevant literature, beginning with the pioneering efforts of Johannes Conrad to quantify land ownership by size and ... More


Identity Registration in the Classical Mediterranean World

Rebecca Flemming

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter provides an analytical survey of identity registration practices (and their absence) across the ancient Mediterranean. The discussion focuses on the citizen census in Republican Rome, ... More


Birth of the ‘Secular’ Individual: Medical and Legal Methods of Identification in Nineteenth-Century Egypt

Khaled Fahmy

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0014
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter describes a number of medico-administrative and legal changes that were introduced in nineteenth-century Egypt and that gave rise to an individualized conception of identity. Prompted by ... More


The General Register Office and the tabulation of data, 1837–1939

Edward Higgs

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter presents the story of table-making in the General Register Office (GRO), which reveals a general pattern — the reduction in informational complexity and the subsequent reintroduction of ... More


Bird diversity survey methods

Colin J. Bibby

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The chapter focuses on the design and methods of bird survey programmes. It deals with issues such as survey design and selection of study areas, effect of time of day and time of year on counts, how ... More


The Census Period: 1923–2003

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Winter elk numbers on the northern range have been counted through most of its history, with ground counts up to 1956 (except 1935) and aerial counts up to the present. Several sightability bias ... More


Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Simon Szreter, Hania Sholkamy, and A. Dharmalingam (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Throughout its history as a social science discipline, demography has been associated with an exclusively quantitative orientation for studying population problems. An important outcome of this is ... More


The Linguistic Construction of Social and Medical Categories in the Work of the English General Register Office, 1837–1950

Edward Higgs

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Examines the classification systems and nosologies that were developed by the General Register Office in London in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in terms of modern linguistic analysis. ... More


Racial/Colour Categorization in US and Brazilian Censuses

Melissa Nobles

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Provides an abbreviated history of racial categorization in American and Brazilian censuses from each country's first census in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries up through the 2000 census. It ... More


Towards a Soviet Order of Things: The 1926 Census and the Making of the Soviet Union

Francine Hirsch

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Looks at the connections between census‐taking, border‐making, and identity‐formation in the Soviet Union. It focuses on the All‐Union Census of 1926, which was the first census to categorize the ... More


Internal Diaspora and State Imagination: Colombia's Failure to Envision a Nation

Santiago Villaveces-Izquierdo

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The increasing intensification of Colombia's internal wars since 1990 has exacted a heavy toll in uprooting large segments of the country's rural population. As of 2002, it was estimated that 2.9 ... More


Re-contextualizing the Female-headed Household: Culture and Agency in Uganda

Paula Jean Davis

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The household is a standard social category used in demographic census and survey work around the world where it is taken to represent both the family and the basic economic unit of society. From an ... More


The Solonian Census Classes and the Qualifications for Cavalry and Hoplite Service

DE STE CROIX

in Athenian Democratic Origins: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199255177
eISBN:
9780191719844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255177.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This essay discusses the Solonian census classes. It proposes a radical reinterpretation of the evidence, which also deals with the qualifications for cavalry and hoplite service, a subject which has ... More


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