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Universal Synthesizer and Window: Cellular Automata as a New Kind of Cybernetic Image

Tim Otto Roth and Andreas Deutsch

in Imagery in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015721
eISBN:
9780262315159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015721.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

The authors of this chapter refer to the 1940s concept called cellular automata, which follows a naïve rule; cells in a rectangular grid undergo self-organized dynamic growth without a central ... More


Pattern Formation and Spatiotemporal Chaos

Robert C. Hilborn

in Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507239
eISBN:
9780191709340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507239.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

When a dynamical system has significant spatial extent, its nonlinear dynamics can lead to the spontaneous formation of spatial patterns. Such systems provide models for how nature might have ... More


Network Awareness in Agent-based Models

Akira Namatame and Shu-Heng Chen

in Agent-Based Modeling and Network Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198708285
eISBN:
9780191779404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198708285.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 2 reviews the development of the network-based agent-based models. From the behavioral and decision-making perspective of agents, the network-based agent-based model is accompanied by the ... More


Cellular Automata

David P. Feldman

in Chaos and Fractals: An Elementary Introduction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199566433
eISBN:
9780191774966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566433.003.0028
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Two-dimensional, discrete dynamical systems consist of two continuous variables, x and y, that get updated at discrete time intervals via a deterministic function. These variables are continuous ... More


Modeling Reality: How Computers Mirror Life

Iwo Bialynicki-Birula and Iwona Bialynicka-Birula

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198531005
eISBN:
9780191713033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198531005.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book covers a wide range of subjects concerning the use of computer modeling to solve a diverse set of problems. The book covers some advanced topics (cellular automata, Shannon measure of ... More


Agent-Based Modeling and Network Dynamics

Akira Namatame and Shu-Heng Chen

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198708285
eISBN:
9780191779404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198708285.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The book integrates agent-based modeling and network science. It is divided into three parts, namely, foundations, primary dynamics on and of social networks, and applications. The book begins with ... More


Time Travel

Nick Huggett

in Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379518
eISBN:
9780199776559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379518.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Suppose you were to walk through a door and come out on the other side the day before; that would be travel backwards in time, as these chapters explain. However, is it at all possible? Chapter 12 ... More


Patterns in granular segregation

Igor S. Aranson and Lev S. Tsimring

in Granular Patterns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter contains an overview of experiments and theories on segregation occurring in heterogeneous granular materials. One of the most fascinating features of heterogeneous (i.e., consisting of ... More


Iterated Growth

Paul Charbonneau

in Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This chapter shows how complex shapes and forms encountered in the natural world result from a growth process driven by the repeated action of simple “rules.” To examine this general idea, the ... More


Why Can't I Stop My Younger Self from Time Traveling?

Nick Huggett

in Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379518
eISBN:
9780199776559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379518.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Suppose you were to walk through a door and come out on the other side the day before; that would be travel backwards in time, as these chapters explain. However, is it at all possible? Chapter 12 ... More


Developing Agent-Based Models

Michael Wolf-Branigin

in Using Complexity Theory for Research and Program Evaluation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199829460
eISBN:
9780199315895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829460.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Building upon the preliminary materials introduced and the skills developed in previous chapters, we now focus on a few models developed for social-work-related research. Two models are presented. ... More


Pancomputationalism

Gualtiero Piccinini

in Physical Computation: A Mechanistic Account

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199658855
eISBN:
9780191748158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658855.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Mind

According to pancomputationalism, everything is a computing system. Alleged sources of pancomputationalism are listed. This chapter distinguishes between different varieties of pancomputationalism ... More


Sonic Algorithm

Steve Goodman

in Software Studies: A Lexicon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062749
eISBN:
9780262273343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.003.0033
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter describes sound art and its influence under the digital simulations, which are based on artificial life models. It mainly focuses on the effects of the software concept on musical ... More


Lattice Gas-Cellular Automata

Sauro Succi

in The Lattice Boltzmann Equation: For Complex States of Flowing Matter

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199592357
eISBN:
9780191847967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199592357.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the ancestor of the Lattice Boltzmann, the Boolean formulation of hydrodynamics known as lattice Gas Cellular Automata. In 1986, Uriel Frisch, Brosl Hasslacher and Yves Pomeau ... More


Introduction

Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

in Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems: From Theory to Planning Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029568
eISBN:
9780262331371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The fundamental premise of the book is that cities and regions are complex, self-organizing, adaptive systems, and that they are therefore best understood by focussing on the processes by which they ... More


Ethnocomputing

Matti Tedre and Ron Eglash

in Software Studies: A Lexicon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062749
eISBN:
9780262273343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

The study of interactions between the computing environment and cultural societies is called ethnocomputing. This chapter investigates the sociocultural influences on computer science and also ... More


Conclusion

David P. Feldman

in Chaos and Fractals: An Elementary Introduction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199566433
eISBN:
9780191774966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566433.003.0033
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This concluding chapter highlights some of the key themes and lessons of chaos and fractals and reflects on how their impact can be characterised. It discusses how deterministic dynamical systems can ... More


Speciation

Daniel Friedman and Barry Sinervo

in Evolutionary Games in Natural, Social, and Virtual Worlds

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199981151
eISBN:
9780190466657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981151.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

Chapter 14 meditates on the classic theme of speciation. It first presents the idea of evolutionary branching in adaptive dynamics. The chapter then treats morph loss in the rock-paper-scissors game ... More


Modeling Without a Specific Target

Michael Weisberg

in Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199933662
eISBN:
9780199333004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933662.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Target-directed modeling, the practice of constructing a single model to study a specific target, is not representative of the entire practice of modeling. Indeed, theoretical research typically ... More


Forest Fires

Paul Charbonneau

in Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This chapter explores how a “natural” process generates dynamically something that is conceptually similar to a percolation cluster by using the case of forest fires. It first provides an overview of ... More


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