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Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Jon Williamson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This book provides an introduction to, and analysis of, the use of Bayesian nets in causal modelling. It puts forward new conceptual foundations for causal network modelling: The book argues that ... More


Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Steven Sloman

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Human beings are active agents who can think. To understand how thought serves action requires understanding how people conceive of the relation between cause and effect, between action and outcome. ... More


The Psychology of Judgment: Causality Is Pervasive

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on the role of causal models in judgment. It is argued that causal modeling plays a central role in the process of judgment when the object of judgment can be construed as a ... More


Causal Learning

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter offers a selection of theories of causal learning. Some of the theories come out of psychology, while others come out of rational analyses of causal learning. All tend to focus on how ... More


Categorical Induction

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on how we induce properties of the world. Some psychologists have been coming back to the view that induction is mediated by causal models — causal models that are often ... More


Conclusion: Causation in the Mind

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This concluding chapter attempts to draw out the general lessons of causal and interventional principles for an understanding of people, their situations, their problems, and solutions to their ... More


Analyzing Effective Connectivity with EEG and MEG

Stefan J. Kiebel, Marta I. Garrido, and Karl J. Friston

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Developments in M/EEG analysis allows for models that are sophisticated enough to capture the full richness of the data. This chapter focuses on dynamic causal modeling (DCM) for M/EEG, which entails ... More


Locating Causal Structure in Language

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses how we use aspects of language. It shows that we use causal models to produce and understand speech even when we have no idea that we are doing so. Two aspects of language are ... More


Beyond Covariation: Cues to Causal Structure

David A. Lagnado, Michael R. Waldmann, York Hagmaye, and Steven A. Sloman

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Causal induction has two components: learning about the structure of causal models and learning about causal strength and other quantitative parameters. This chapter argues for several interconnected ... More


Humans' Multisensory Perception, from Integration to Segregation, Follows Bayesian Inference

Ladan Shams and Ulrik Beierholm

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter first discusses experimental findings showing that multisensory perception encompasses a spectrum of phenomena ranging from full integration (or fusion), to partial integration, to ... More


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