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Categorical Induction

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on how we induce properties of the world. Some psychologists have been coming back to the view that induction is mediated by causal models — causal models that are often ... More


Learning From Doing: Intervention and Causal Inference

Laura Schulz, Tamar Kushnir, and Alison Gopnik

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter starts from the premise that much of children's knowledge takes the form of abstract, coherent, causal claims that are learned from, and defeasible by, evidence. This view is consistent ... More


Introduction

Alison Gopni and Laura Schulz

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter provides a simple, clear, and (hopefully) amusing introduction to causal model and Bayes nets theories in computer science, the interventionist account of causation in philosophy, and ... More


Conclusions: Cognitive Structure

Lance J. Rips

in Lines of Thought: Central Concepts in Cognitive Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195183054
eISBN:
9780199865109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183054.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter looks at the problem of where we get our beliefs about the possibility or necessity of certain states of affairs. It argues that there are innate aspects of the cognitive operating ... More


Introduction

John P. Burgess and Gideon Rosen

in A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250128
eISBN:
9780191597138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250126.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Begins by distinguishing different varieties of nominalism. All adherents of nominalism agree in rejecting mathematical and other abstract entities, and many have attempted to develop nominalist ... More


Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Alison Gopnik and Laura Schulz (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book outlines the recent revolutionary work in cognitive science formulating a “probabilistic model” theory of learning and development. It provides an accessible and clear introduction to the ... More


A Priori and A Posteriori Knowledge

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

McGinn defends a causal criterion for distinguishing a priori from a posteriori knowledge. In the case of a posteriori knowledge, the subject matter of a knower's ground for believing a proposition ... More


Causal knowledge in animals

Hans Kummer

in Causal Cognition: A Multidisciplinary Debate

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524021
eISBN:
9780191689093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524021.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Causal knowledge is one way to influence certain parts of one's environment through prediction and action. While all animal species exert some control by using their knowledge of interdependent ... More


The Causes of Witchcraft

Stuart Clark

in Thinking with Demons: The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208082
eISBN:
9780191677915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208082.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Social History

Patients and witches are not dissimilar products of the relations of knowledge and power that have turned human beings into objects of science. Just as the patient has appeared in various historical ... More


Knowledge, Causal Explanation, and Teleology

Johannes Roessler

in Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 4

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672707
eISBN:
9780191751905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672707.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Commonsense psychology conceives of propositional knowledge as a causally relevant mental state. But what makes that conception so natural to us? In ‘Knowledge as a Mental State’ Jennifer Nagel ... More


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