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The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Richard Dean

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The humanity formulation of Kant’s Categorical Imperative demands that we treat humanity as an end in itself. Because this principle resonates with currently influential ideals of human rights and ... More


Kant's Arguments for His Formula of Universal Law

Derek Parfit

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the structure of the argument for duty in the Kantian context, in which it was most influentially formed. Kant notoriously argues that the supreme principle of morality must be ... More


The Categorical Imperative and Kant's Conception of Practical Rationality

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter outlines an explanation of how Kant grounds morality in reason. It argues that all rational choice is guided by normative considerations (reasons with normative force for the agent). In ... More


Legislating the Moral Law

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter spells out two distinct senses in which the rational will legislates moral requirements: one that holds for the Categorical Imperative, and a different sense that holds for particular ... More


Rational Agency and Imperatives

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter focuses on Kant’s account of rational agency and his move from this to the formulation of the categorical imperative. Rational agents are those with a capacity to act according to their ... More


The Argument for the Humanity Formula

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is no easy task to decipher Kant’s argument for accepting the humanity formulation as a fundamental principle of morality (often called his ‘derivation’ of the humanity formulation). The argument ... More


The Good Will Reading Meshes With Major Ideas of Kant's Ethics

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that reading ‘humanity’ in the humanity formulation as good will provides the best fit between the humanity formulation and other major themes of Kant’s ethics. An analysis of ... More


The Normativity of Instrumental Reason

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most philosophers think it uncontroversial that practical reason requires us to take the means to our ends, but have been silent about the normative foundation of this requirement. The interesting ... More


Kant: 22 April 1724–12 February 1804

Martin Wight

in Four Seminal Thinkers in International Theory: Machiavelli, Grotius, Kant, and Mazzini

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273676
eISBN:
9780191602771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273677.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Kant was the greatest of modern philosophers. He held that we have knowledge of the phenomenal world alone; of the realm of the noumenal we have only moral experience. But he had moral passion in his ... More


: The Singleness of the Categorical Imperative

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay defends Kant's thesis that there is only a single categorical imperative. This needs a defense because in the Groundwork Kant presents a number of formulations of this imperative (the ... More


Autonomy, Heteronomy, and Constructing the Categorical Imperative

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter deals with the principle of autonomy, which is at once the third formula of the categorical imperative (FA), a property of the will, and the supreme principle of morality in the sense of ... More


The Deduction of the Categorical Imperative and the Outermost Boundary of Practical Philosophy

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter deals with two issues: (1) Kant’s deduction of the categorical imperative and (2) the bounds of what can be claimed from a practical point of view. The task of the deduction is to ... More


Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Henry E. Allison

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a comprehensive commentary on Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). It differs from most recent commentaries in paying special attention to the structure of the work, ... More


Battle of the Isms

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter reviews the calumnies that are commonly directed at moral naturalists. Philosophical rationalism is compared unfavorably with the empirical tradition by drawing attention to the ... More


The Moral Law, the Categorical Imperative, and the Reciprocity Thesis

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the first of three chapters dealing with Kant’s attempt to provide a deduction (justification) of the categorical imperative. It suggests that this deduction occurs in stages, involving the ... More


Autonomy, Obligation, and Virtue: An Overview of Kant's Moral Philosophy *

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents an overview of Kant's ethical theory, contrasting it briefly with earlier views such as those of Wolff and Crusius. The ability of rational agents to govern themselves — their ... More


Kantian Consequentialism

David Cummiskey

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195094534
eISBN:
9780199833146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195094530.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kantians and Consequentialists alike have presumed that Kantian ethics is incompatible with all forms of consequentialism, and that it instead justifies a system of agent‐centered restrictions, or ... More


The Formula of Humanity (FH)

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter deals with Kant’s second formulation of the categorical imperative: the formula of humanity as an end in itself (FH). It examines Kant’s claims that a categorical imperative presupposes ... More


Kantian Analysis: From Duty to Autonomy

Thomas E. Hill

in Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252633
eISBN:
9780191597695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252637.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Distinguishes basic and more extreme ideas underlying three related Kantian themes: that fundamental questions of moral philosophy require an a priori method, that moral duties are conceived as ... More


Kant’s Ethical Theory: An Overview

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This introductory chapter presents a concise summary of major themes in Kant’s moral philosophy, broadly conceived. Topics include Kant’s a priori method for basic questions, the special features of ... More


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