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The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Richard Dean

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The humanity formulation of Kant’s Categorical Imperative demands that we treat humanity as an end in itself. Because this principle resonates with currently influential ideals of human rights and ... More


Kant's Arguments for His Formula of Universal Law

Derek Parfit

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the structure of the argument for duty in the Kantian context, in which it was most influentially formed. Kant notoriously argues that the supreme principle of morality must be ... More


Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Henry E. Allison

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a comprehensive commentary on Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). It differs from most recent commentaries in paying special attention to the structure of the work, ... More


Statistical Analysis of Epidemiologic Data

Steve Selvin

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172805
eISBN:
9780199865697
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172805.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Analytic procedures suitable for the study of human disease are scattered throughout the statistical and epidemiologic literature. Explanations of their properties are frequently presented in ... More


Kant on Autonomy and Moral Evil

Michelle Kosch

in Freedom and Reason in Kant, Schelling, and Kierkegaard

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199289110
eISBN:
9780191604003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199289115.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter charts the evolution of Kant’s approach to moral evil. It lays out an apparent problem with Kant’s account of the connection between the freedom required for moral responsibility and the ... More


 Russellian Speculations

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores Russell’s idea that reflection on the nature of scientific inquiry prompts a version of the ignorance hypothesis, an idea much discussed in contemporary philosophy. As ... More


The Categorical Imperative and Kant's Conception of Practical Rationality

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter outlines an explanation of how Kant grounds morality in reason. It argues that all rational choice is guided by normative considerations (reasons with normative force for the agent). In ... More


Legislating the Moral Law

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter spells out two distinct senses in which the rational will legislates moral requirements: one that holds for the Categorical Imperative, and a different sense that holds for particular ... More


Kantian Consequentialism

David Cummiskey

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195094534
eISBN:
9780199833146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195094530.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kantians and Consequentialists alike have presumed that Kantian ethics is incompatible with all forms of consequentialism, and that it instead justifies a system of agent‐centered restrictions, or ... More


Battle of the Isms

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter reviews the calumnies that are commonly directed at moral naturalists. Philosophical rationalism is compared unfavorably with the empirical tradition by drawing attention to the ... More


SEMANTICS FOR REDUCTIVE LOGIC

David J. Pym and Eike Ritter

in Reductive Logic and Proof-search: Proof Theory, Semantics, and Control

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526339
eISBN:
9780191712012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526339.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter provides a systematic model-theoretic account of reductive logic. Here, the challenge is to provide semantic structures that are rich enough to account not only for the space of proofs, ... More


The Good Will Reading Meshes With Major Ideas of Kant's Ethics

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that reading ‘humanity’ in the humanity formulation as good will provides the best fit between the humanity formulation and other major themes of Kant’s ethics. An analysis of ... More


The Argument for the Humanity Formula

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is no easy task to decipher Kant’s argument for accepting the humanity formulation as a fundamental principle of morality (often called his ‘derivation’ of the humanity formulation). The argument ... More


Incorporating information on variables

J. C. Gower and G. B. Dijksterhuis

in Procrustes Problems

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198510581
eISBN:
9780191708961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510581.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

All projection Procrustes methods may be treated as a generalized orthogonal rotation, part of which comprises the projection. It follows that after these types of Procrustes analyses, the embedded ... More


A Reply to Professor Frankena *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The author replies to Prof. William K. Frankena's article accusing her of an ‘attack on morality’. Her articles on ‘Morality and Art’ and ‘Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives’ are ... More


Kant: 22 April 1724–12 February 1804

Martin Wight

in Four Seminal Thinkers in International Theory: Machiavelli, Grotius, Kant, and Mazzini

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273676
eISBN:
9780191602771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273677.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Kant was the greatest of modern philosophers. He held that we have knowledge of the phenomenal world alone; of the realm of the noumenal we have only moral experience. But he had moral passion in his ... More


Self-Improvement: An Essay in Kantian Ethics

Robert N. Johnson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599349
eISBN:
9780191731556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599349.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Is there any moral obligation to improve oneself, to foster and develop various capacities in oneself? From a broadly Kantian point of view, Self-Improvement defends the view that there is such an ... More


The Normativity of Instrumental Reason

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most philosophers think it uncontroversial that practical reason requires us to take the means to our ends, but have been silent about the normative foundation of this requirement. The interesting ... More


Two Conceptions of Morality

Bernard Gert

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter compares two conceptions of morality, one championed by Aristotle, Ross, and Kant, the other championed by Hobbes and Mill. In The Good in the Right, Audi develops a version of the first ... More


Accounting for Duties: A Critical Assessment of Robert Audi's The Good in the Right

Candace Vogler

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that Audi's ethical theory lacks the kind of grounding found in the theories of Ross and Kant, contrasting the “principles” of Audi's theory with Kant's categorical imperative and ... More


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