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An Introduction to the Cartilaginous Fishes

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

There are currently 503 species of sharks, 699 species of rays, and 49 species of chimaeras in the class Chondrichthyes. The name Chondrichthyes comes from the Greek prefix khondros meaning ... More


Vertebrate Live-Bearers: The Borne and the Born

John C. Avise

in Evolutionary Perspectives on Pregnancy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160605
eISBN:
9780231531450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160605.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the reproduction mode, viviparity, among live-bearing vertebrates. Viviparity is the bringing forth of offspring that are first gestated internally by a female parent. All ... More


Diet and Growth

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses what cartilaginous fishes eat, their frequency of feeding, their rates of digestion and growth, and to what age they live. The composition of the diet of the cartilaginous ... More


Brain Organization and Intelligence

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the anatomy of the brains of the cartilaginous fishes and their learning capabilities. Sharks, rays, and chimaeras can learn as quickly as birds and mammals, and have brains of ... More


Sense of Smell: Chemoreception

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The cartilaginous fishes, in particular the sharks, can detect their prey at great distances using their senses of smell and hearing. This chapter discusses the anatomy of the olfactory receptor, how ... More


Evolutionary History

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the long evolutionary history of the cartilaginous fishes. Topics covered include the sharks and chimaeras of the Paleozoic era (species diversification, Early Paleozoic ... More


Sense of Sight: Photoreception

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the underwater photic environment, the anatomy of the eye, the spectral sensitivities of visual pigments, and the visual capabilities of the different cartilaginous fishes. All ... More


The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Peter A. Klimley and Steven Oerding

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This book provides a resource on the biological and physiological characteristics of the cartilaginous fishes: sharks, rays, and chimaeras. In sixteen chapters, the book covers a broad spectrum of ... More


Feeding Behavior and Biomechanics

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the anatomy of the jaws and teeth of cartilaginous fishes as well as the role of the muscles and teeth in jaw extension, seizure, and handling of prey. Most sharks, rays, and ... More


Warming of the Body

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the physiological processes and anatomical adaptations that enable some sharks and rays to elevate the temperature of key body parts over the ambient temperature of the ocean. ... More


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