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Risk Beliefs and Individual Rationality

W. Kip Viscusi

in Rational Risk Policy: The 1996 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293637
eISBN:
9780191596995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293631.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Risk beliefs often reflect systematic biases, such as the overestimation of small risks and underestimation of large risks. The prospective reference theory model explains these and other anomalies ... More


Risk Analysis and Regulatory Policy

W. Kip Viscusi

in Rational Risk Policy: The 1996 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293637
eISBN:
9780191596995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293631.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Analysis of carcinogen regulations implies that regulation is often not driven by the magnitude of the risk, but by whether the chemicals involved are synthetic chemicals. Risk assessments are often ... More


The changing cigarette: chemical studies and bioassays

Ilse Hoffmann and Dietrich Hoffmann

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the identification of carcinogens and tumour promoters in tobacco smoke, changes in cigarette smoke composition with various design changes, and observations on cigarette ... More


Tobacco carcinogenesis: mechanisms and biomarkers

Stephen S. Hecht

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The indisputable relationship between the world's most widespread exogenous chemical carcinogen exposure — tobacco smoke — and cancer, provides a framework for a better understanding of cancer ... More


Toxic Town: IBM, Pollution, and Industrial Risks

Peter C. Little

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814760697
eISBN:
9780814764510
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814760697.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

In 1924, IBM built its first plant in Endicott, New York. Now, Endicott is a contested toxic waste site. With its landscape thoroughly contaminated by carcinogens, Endicott is the subject of one of ... More


The Scientific Background

Kristin Shrader-frechette General

in Regulating Toxic Substances: A Philosophy of Science and the Law

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074369
eISBN:
9780199852932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074369.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter provides some scientific background of risk assessment and sets up some of the institutional questions concerning the appropriate evidentiary standards needed within torts and ... More


Scientific Procedures in Regulatory Agencies

Kristin Shrader-frechette General

in Regulating Toxic Substances: A Philosophy of Science and the Law

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074369
eISBN:
9780199852932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074369.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter discusses some of the risk assessment issues that arise in administrative agencies charged with regulating carcinogens. It is argued that present assessment strategies, as well as some ... More


Cancer

Elizabeth Ward

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides an overview of the mechanisms by which cancer develops and the importance of exogenous exposures in cancer causation. It describes the magnitude of cancer as a public health ... More


Occupation

JACK SIEMIATYCKI, LESLEY RICHARDSON, and PAOLO BOFFETTA

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the link between occupational carcinogens and cancer. Topics covered include sources of evidence on risk to humans due to chemicals, published literature in the field of ... More


Air Pollution

JONATHAN M. SAMET and AARON J. COHEN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the evidence on the connections between outdoor and indoor air pollution and lung cancer, as well as other types of malignancy. The evidence on air pollution and ... More


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