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Acids and Bases: Solvent Effects on Acid-Base Strength

Brian G. Cox

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199670512
eISBN:
9780199670512
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670512.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Acids and bases are ubiquitous in chemistry. Our understanding of them, however, is dominated by their behaviour in water. Transfer to non-aqueous solvents leads to profound changes in acid-base ... More


High-Basicity Polar Aprotic Solvents

Brian G. Cox

in Acids and Bases: Solvent Effects on Acid-Base Strength

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199670512
eISBN:
9780199670512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670512.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Basic polar aprotic solvents such as dimethylsulphoxide, dimethylformamide, and N-methylpyrrolidin-2-one are very poor at solvating anions, but interact strongly with cations and the proton in ... More


Acid–Base Equilibria: Quantitative Treatment

Brian G. Cox

in Acids and Bases: Solvent Effects on Acid-Base Strength

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199670512
eISBN:
9780199670512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670512.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Quantitative treatment of acid–base behaviour is presented, including the definition of acids, bases, and dissociation constants, and the important relationships between solution pH, acid strength, ... More


Low-Basicity and Low-Polarity Aprotic Solvents

Brian G. Cox

in Acids and Bases: Solvent Effects on Acid-Base Strength

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199670512
eISBN:
9780199670512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670512.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Low-basicity and low-polarity aprotic solvents, including importantly acetonitrile and tetrahydrofuran, are poor at solvating both anions and cations. Dissociation constants are consequently very ... More


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