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The Impact of Candidate Traits in American Presidential Elections

Larry M. Bartels

in Leaders' Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253135
eISBN:
9780191599675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253137.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The aim of this chapter is to provide a systematic test of the conventional wisdom that personality is key in contemporary American electoral politics. Using survey data from the six most recent ... More


The Nonpersonalization of Voting Behavior in Germany

Frank Brettschneider and Oscar W. Gabriel

in Leaders' Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253135
eISBN:
9780191599675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253137.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The federal elections of 1998 were the first time in Germany that notions of personalization and presidentialization were discussed during an election; before that German voters chose, at least ... More


Platform or Personality?: The Role of Party Leaders in Elections

Amanda Bittner

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199595365
eISBN:
9780191725593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595365.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Campaign organizers and the media appear to agree that voters' perceptions of party leaders have an important impact in elections: considerable effort is made to ensure that leaders look good, speak ... More


Leaders' Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections

Anthony King (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253135
eISBN:
9780191599675
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253137.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A widely held belief concerning democratic elections is that the votes of many individuals are influenced by their assessments of the competing candidates’ personalities and other personal ... More


Do Leaders' Personalities Really Matter?

Anthony King

in Leaders' Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253135
eISBN:
9780191599675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253137.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is an introductory chapter, which starts with a general discussion of whether leaders’ personalities really matter in determining the outcome of democratic elections, and then considers a number ... More


Candidate Evaluations and Presidential Electoral Choices in France

Roy Pierce

in Leaders' Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253135
eISBN:
9780191599675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253137.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

There have been only six French presidential elections between 1965 and 1995, but there has been considerable variation between these in the extent to which the candidates’ leadership attributes ... More


The Leadership Factor in the Russian Presidential Election of 1996

Timothy J. Colton

in Leaders' Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253135
eISBN:
9780191599675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253137.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

There are good reasons to suppose that electoral politics will be more leadership driven in a democratizing or semi–democratic nation than in older democratic polities possessing entrenched party ... More


What is Candidate Selection and Why is it Important for Understanding Politics?

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The definition of candidate selection methods is the predominantly nonstandardized and unregimented mechanisms by which political parties choose their candidates for the general elections. The ... More


Set Theory and its Philosophy: A Critical Introduction

Michael Potter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199269730
eISBN:
9780191699443
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269730.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book presents a philosophical introduction to set theory. Anyone wishing to work on the logical foundations of mathematics must understand set theory, which lies at its heart. The book offers an ... More


A Behavioral Theory of Elections

Jonathan Bendor, Daniel Diermeier, David A. Siegel, and Michael M. Ting

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135076
eISBN:
9781400836802
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135076.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Most theories of elections assume that voters and political actors are fully rational. While these formulations produce many insights, they also generate anomalies—most famously, about turnout. The ... More


Why Are There So Many (or So Few) Electoral Reforms?

Richard S. Katz

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Electoral reforms are surprisingly rare in established political systems. This chapter analyses the reasons why political actors might attempt to change an electoral system to one that more closely ... More


Chile: The Unexpected (and Expected) Consequences of Electoral Engineering

Peter M. Siavelis

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chile’s binomial open-list PR system was selected by the Pinochet regime as the most likely to optimise the parliamentary strength of the authoritarian right given its level of electoral support. The ... More


Finland: One Hundred Years of Quietude

Tapio Raunio

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Finnish electoral system – which will be 100 years old in 2006 – enjoys a high level of legitimacy among voters, and is thus unlikely to be changed. Finland has one of the most candidate-centred ... More


Campaign Strategy

Joan E. McLean

in Women and American Politics: New Questions, New Directions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293484
eISBN:
9780191598944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293488.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reviews existing research about the campaigns of women candidates for public office. McLean proposes an agenda for future research analysing the effects of gender on campaign strategy ... More


Money and Women's Candidacies for Public Office

Barbara C. Burrell

in Women and American Politics: New Questions, New Directions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293484
eISBN:
9780191598944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293488.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reviews existing research about campaign finance and the funding of the campaigns of women candidates for public office. Burrell discusses the role of women's political action committees ... More


Assessing the Media's Impact on the Political Fortunes of Women

Kim Fridkin Kahn

in Women and American Politics: New Questions, New Directions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293484
eISBN:
9780191598944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293488.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reviews existing research about the media's treatment of women in politics. Kahn suggests an agenda for future research that includes analysis of: news treatment of women public ... More


The Press as Amateur Psychologist, Part I

Kathleen Hall Jamieson and Paul Waldman

in The Press Effect: Politicians, Journalists, and the Stories that Shape the Political World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152777
eISBN:
9780199833900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152778.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Examines the role journalists adopt during presidential campaigns, and how that role determines the frame of campaign news. Assuming that what is presented to the voters is a persona, journalists act ... More


The Press as Amateur Psychologist, Part II

Kathleen Hall Jamieson and Paul Waldman

in The Press Effect: Politicians, Journalists, and the Stories that Shape the Political World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152777
eISBN:
9780199833900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152778.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In the 2000 election, journalists settled on twin portraits of Al Gore and George W. Bush that framed the coverage each received. Gore was portrayed as the lying panderer, while Bush was portrayed as ... More


Extrinsically Determined Identity and ‘Best‐Candidate’ Theories

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the proposal that identities across possible worlds may be determined by ‘extrinsic’ features, and compares this with an analogous ‘best-candidate’ account of identity over ... More


The Political Consequences of Germany's Mixed‐Member System: Personalization at the Grass Roots?

Hans‐Dieter Klingemann and Bernhard Wessels

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Addresses the question of the relevance the German mixed‐member electoral system has for the party system and for candidate vote, and argues that the mixed‐member electoral system does indeed live up ... More


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