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Validating Flow-Through Respirometry

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter describes methods for validating the measurements made using flow-through respirometry. These methods include the injection of nitrogen at a known flow rate into a respirometry system; ... More


Mental Number Line s

Marcus Giaquinto

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Along with our numeral systems, we have an innate sense of cardinal size at par with our sense of duration and distance, refined by cultural practices. The SNARC effect suggests that our number sense ... More


The Varieties of Flow Meters

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter discusses the most frequently used flow meters in respirometry. These include the volumetric rotameter, which is affected by ambient temperature and barometric pressure; and the mass ... More


Model Validation

Helen A. Grogan

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides a framework for establishing the validity of the mathematical models that are used in radiological assessment. Although model validation can be a contentious topic, largely ... More


Intuitions

Ernest Sosa

in A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297023
eISBN:
9780191711411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297023.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter critically considers two traditional accounts of intuitive knowledge, and a virtue-based account is offered in their stead.


OBJECTIVE BAYESIANISM

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Objective Bayesianism imposes two norms on degrees of belief: degrees of belief should be constrained by empirical information and they should otherwise be as equivocal as possible. The origins of ... More


Niches and Distributions in Practice: Overview

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers the practice of modeling ecological niches and estimating geographic distributions. It first introduces the general principles and definitions underlying ecological niche ... More


Modeling Ecological Niches

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explains how environmental data can be used to create models that characterize species’ ecological niches in environmental space. It introduces a model, which is a function constructed ... More


Evaluating Model Performance and Significance

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes a framework for selecting appropriate strategies for evaluating model performance and significance. It begins with a review of key concepts, focusing on how primary occurrence ... More


Introduction

Katherine Clarke

in Making Time for the Past: Local History and the Polis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199291083
eISBN:
9780191710582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291083.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses different forms of temporal calibration and articulation, as well as the complementary nature of natural time and culturally-determined time. After introducing some ... More


Introduction

Jon Williamson

in In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199228003
eISBN:
9780191711060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The chapter begins in §1.1 with an informal and intuitive introduction to objective Bayesianism as the view that an agent's degrees of belief should be probabilitiesj and should respect constraints ... More


Motivation

Jon Williamson

in In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199228003
eISBN:
9780191711060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

In §2.3, objective Bayesianism was characterized by appealing to the norms of Probability, Calibration and Equivocation. This chapter encounters some of the motivation behind this characterization. ... More


Multisensory Integration and Calibration in Adults and in Children

David Burr, Paola Binda, and Monica Gori

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses recent experiments on cross-sensory integration and calibration. It first gives a clear example of sensory integration of visual and auditory signals (the “ventriloquist ... More


The Ediacaran emergence of bilaterians: congruence between the genetic and the geological fossil records

Kevin J. Peterson, James A. Cotton, James G. Gehling, and Davide Pisani

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Unraveling the timing of the metazoan radiation is crucial for elucidating the macroevolutionary processes associated with the Cambrian explosion. Because estimates of metazoan divergence times ... More


Evolution and Learning

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Studies evolution and learning. The discussion includes fictitious play and replicator dynamics, and stochastic stability is considered at length. Following this, some detailed discussion of ... More


NUCLEAR AND ROTATIONAL MAGNETIC MOMENTS

Norman F. Ramsey

in Molecular Beams

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520214
eISBN:
9780191706325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520214.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In magnetic resonance experiments, either rotating or oscillating fields can be used and it is frequently convenient to analyze a problem in terms of a rotating coordinate system. The transitional ... More


Prediction, Postdiction, and Calibration

H. Peyton Young

in Strategic Learning and its Limits

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269181
eISBN:
9780191699375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269181.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter introduces an alternative framework that is borrowed from statistical decision theory and is perhaps less familiar to economists and game theorists. This approach — known as calibration ... More


Calibration of Diffusion Models

Claus Munk

in Fixed Income Modelling

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199575084
eISBN:
9780191728648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575084.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In the models of the two preceding chapters, the derived prices and yields are functions of the state variables and the few parameters entering the dynamics of the state variables. Consequently, the ... More


Culture, Emotion, and Expression

David Matsumoto and Hyi Sung Hwang

in Advances in Culture and Psychology: Volume 1

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195380392
eISBN:
9780199863501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380392.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes the major research findings from our program of research on culture, emotion, and expression over the past thirty years, covering both studies examining the judgment of ... More


The Curious Complexity between Confidence and Accuracy in Reports from Memory

Henry L. Roediger III, John H. Wixted, and K. Andrew Desoto

in Memory and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199920754
eISBN:
9780199950133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199920754.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

The reliability of confident eyewitness evidence is critical for the legal system, but conflicting evidence exists on the relation of confidence and accuracy in reports from memory. This chapter ... More


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