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Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Nicholas P. Money

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This book is concerned with the most devastating fungal diseases in history. These are the plagues of trees and crop plants caused by invisible spores that have reshaped entire landscapes and ... More


The Chocaholic Mushroom

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

The pods of the tropical plant cacao, Theobroma cacao, are the source of chocolate. This crop is afflicted by a multitude of fungal diseases, including witches’ broom, frosty pod rot, and black pod. ... More


Introduction: The Biology, Antiquity, and Modern Uses of the Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L.)

Cameron L. McNeil

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029535
eISBN:
9780813039503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

In the pre-Columbian cultures of the Americas, the Theobroma cacao L. tree or commonly known as the “cacao tree” played a very significant and central role in the culture and religion of those ... More


Cacao Production, Tribute, and Wealth in Sixteenth-century Izalcos, El Salvador

William R. Fowler

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029535
eISBN:
9780813039503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0015
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter discusses changing trends in the production of cacao plants in Izalcos, El Salvador, during the sixteenth century. The use of cacao as money in Mesoamerica is connected to long-distance ... More


Soconusco Cacao Farmers Past and Present: Continuity and Change in an Ancient Way of Life

Janine Gasco

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029535
eISBN:
9780813039503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0016
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the cacao farmers of the Soconusco region of Chiapas, Mexico. The Soconusco region is ideally suited for cacao production; in prehistoric times and historic times the region ... More


Traditional Cacao Use in Modern Mesoamerica

Cameron L. McNeil

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029535
eISBN:
9780813039503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0017
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Several Mesoamerican communities still cultivate or purchase cacao and use it in their foods and rituals. For many of these Mesoamerica communities, the consumption of cacao is closely associated ... More


From Chocolate Pots To Maya Gold: Belizean Cacao Farmers Through the Ages

Patricia A. McAnany and Satoru Muruta

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029535
eISBN:
9780813039503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0021
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter discusses the Belizean cacao farmers through the ages. It discusses the deep history of cacao cultivation in the Belize zone, which is demonstrated by the continuity of cacao farming ... More


The Language of Chocolate: References to Cacao on Classic Maya Drinking Vessels

David Stuart

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029535
eISBN:
9780813039503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The importance of cacao in Classic Maya was often overlooked before the decipherment of glyphic texts seen on ceramics in 1980. The discovery of the meaning of the texts led to the conclusion that ... More


The Determination of Cacao in Sample of Archaeological Interest

W. Jeffrey Hurst

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029535
eISBN:
9780813039503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Although the use of cacao by the Mesoamerican people has been documented since the early Colonial period, archaeologists have been hindered from discovering the breadth of its use in rituals and in ... More


Brewing Distinction: The Development of Cacao Beverages in Formative Mesoamerica

John S. Henderson and Rosemary A. Joyce

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029535
eISBN:
9780813039503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Cacao was commonly assumed to be originally cultivated for the purpose of producing the kind of drink described in the sixteenth century by fermenting the cacao seeds, drying or toasting them, ... More


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