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Japan: Political Careers between Bureaucracy and Hereditary Constituencies

Claudia Derichs and Harold R. Kerbo

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The chapter provides an overview of the historical development of politics as a profession from the time of Japan's opening to the West until today. It looks at the polity dimension of Japanese ... More


Credit, Deception, and Institutional Design

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

in The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter shows how legislators—with the help of a subtle linguistic deception and strategic bureaucrats—claim credit for grants that the representative had only an indirect role in securing. ... More


“Under the Circumstances, We Do What We Can”: Entrepreneurial Bureaucrats and the Allocation of Property Rights

Sandra F. Joireman

in Where There is No Government: Enforcing Property Rights in Common Law Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782482
eISBN:
9780199897209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782482.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Bureaucratic entrepreneurs are officials operating outside their legitimate area of responsibility. They provide services in exchange for payment and trade on their recognition as authority figures ... More


Visions of Future Technologies: Government, Globalisation, and Universities in Japanese Biotechnology

Martin Fransman

in Visions of Innovation: The Firm and Japan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289357
eISBN:
9780191596261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289359.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

An outline is first given of several influential views regarding the role of the Japanese government and universities in the area of biotechnology. The role of the Japanese Ministry of International ... More


The Modern Regulatory State

Samuel DeCanio

in Democracy and the Origins of the American Regulatory State

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300198782
eISBN:
9780300216318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198782.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the historical transformation of the modern regulatory state and suggests that the expansion of bureaucratic authority is an institutional innovation rather than a result of ... More


Politicians and Bureaucrats in the Policy-Making Processes

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The reversal in Japan's economic fortunes after the collapse of the bubble economy, combined with the end of the Liberal Democratic Party's 38-year rule in 1993 and the political turbulence that ... More


MOF's Elite Administrators

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Japan's elite bureaucrats have five defining characteristics. First, their recruitment is open and competitive, but those appointed are drawn predominantly from among the graduates of Tokyo ... More


Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Kelly M. McMann

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

Why do ordinary people engage in corruption? This book contends that bureaucrats, poverty, and culture do not force individuals in Central Asia to pay bribes, use connections, or sell political ... More


Kids and Bureaucrats at the Grass Roots

Elizabeth H. Kilbreth and James A. Morone

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0043
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores how state bureaucrats organized local coalitions that won and maintained school health centers. The school-based health center (SBHC) concept arose in the 1970s, and by 1990 ... More


Architects of Occupation: American Experts and Planning for Postwar Japan

Dayna L. Barnes

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501703089
eISBN:
9781501707841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703089.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Allied occupation of Japan is remembered as the “good occupation.” An American-led coalition successfully turned a militaristic enemy into a stable and democratic ally. Of course, the story was ... More


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