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Ranking Actions: Prioritarianism under Uncertainty

Matthew D. Adler

in Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The prior four chapters focused on developing tools for constructing and morally ranking an outcome set: tools that include an account of well-being, principles for measuring well-being using a set U ... More


Reasons and Feelings: (i) The Bridge Principle and the Concept of a Person's Good

John Skorupski

in The Domain of Reasons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587636
eISBN:
9780191595394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587636.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins an account of the normative sources of evaluative‐practical reasoning, and its distinctive concepts. One such source is a principle that can be called the ‘Bridge’ principle, ... More


Applying Mathematics

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A division is drawn between empirical sentences, pure mathematical sentences, and mixed sentences, including bridge principles. Mixed sentences are made-true relative to a calculus when derivable ... More


Fitting Facts to Equations

Nancy Cartwright

in How the Laws of Physics Lie

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247043
eISBN:
9780191597152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247044.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Are things in the real world governed by the mathematical equations of fundamental theories in physics? If we take seriously the practice of fitting facts into equations, the answer should be no. To ... More


Models and norms

Michael G. Titelbaum

in Quitting Certainties: A Bayesian Framework Modeling Degrees of Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199658305
eISBN:
9780191748134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658305.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is about formal models, norms, and their relations. It first discusses bridge principles, which relate a formal model to the domain it is meant to model. For example, bridge principles ... More


Bridge Principles and Theory in Applied Econometrics

Bernt P. Stigum

in Econometrics in a Formal Science of Economics: Theory and the Measurement of Economic Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028585
eISBN:
9780262323109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028585.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The chapter begins with a discussion of the status of bridge principles in empirical analyses in which the data generating process does not appear. Then it contrasts the ideas of encompassing and ... More


Introduction

Bernt P. Stigum

in Econometrics in a Formal Science of Economics: Theory and the Measurement of Economic Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028585
eISBN:
9780262323109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028585.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Chapter I begins by describing the salient parts of a formal science of economics that the author has put together in this book and in earlier works (B.P. Stigum 1990 and 2003). The parts comprise a ... More


Econometrics in a Formal Science of Economics: Theory and the Measurement of Economic Relations

Bernt P. Stigum

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028585
eISBN:
9780262323109
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028585.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Econometrics is a study of good and bad ways to measure economic relations. This book discusses the role economic theory ought to play in such measurements. The role theory should play, depends on ... More


The advantages of modeling

Michael G. Titelbaum

in Quitting Certainties: A Bayesian Framework Modeling Degrees of Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199658305
eISBN:
9780191748134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658305.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter reviews and evaluates the modeling methodology that has been applied over the course of the book. It examines how the book’s modeling approach was crucial to constructing and defending ... More


Applying CLF models to stories

Michael G. Titelbaum

in Quitting Certainties: A Bayesian Framework Modeling Degrees of Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199658305
eISBN:
9780191748134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658305.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on what exactly models in the Certainty-Loss Framework (CLF) say about agents’ degrees of belief. Developing the standard interpretation of CLF given in the previous chapter, it ... More


Sameness of structure and theory

Tim Button and Sean Walsh

in Philosophy and Model Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198790396
eISBN:
9780191863424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790396.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter is motivated by the following methodological question: under what circumstances should we call two structures the same? We start by surveying several formal notions of sameness of ... More


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