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Women's Health: Staying the Course with a Critical Mass

Debra L. Dodson

in The Impact of Women in Congress

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780198296744
eISBN:
9780191603709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296746.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Women’s health policy united women across party lines in the 103rd and yielded numerous victories. These successes continued a trend established in earlier Congresses and, relatively speaking, would ... More


Dietary Fat and Breast Cancer

Walter Willett

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195122978
eISBN:
9780199864249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122978.003.16
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between dietary fat and breast cancer. These include ecologic studies, migrant studies, special populations, secular trends, case-control studies, and ... More


Active and passive smoking and cancer of the breast

Areti Lagiou and Dimitrios Trichopoulos

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and breast cancer. There is little evidence that passive smoking increases the risk of breast cancer, although this possibility cannot be ... More


Breast Cancer

Louise A. Brinton, Mia M. Gaudet, and Gretchen L. Gierach

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0045
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women worldwide, with annual estimates of 1.7 million newly diagnosed cases and 522,000 deaths. Although more breast cancers are diagnosed in ... More


Breast Cancer

Rulla Tamimi, Susan Hankinson, and Pagona Lagiou

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190676827
eISBN:
9780190676858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Most of the established reproductive risk factors for breast cancer, like age at menarche or parity, are not appropriate for public health intervention. Several lines of evidence, like the ... More


Breast cancer aetiology: where do we go from here?

Isabel dos Santos Silva and Bianca L. De Stavola

in A Life Course Approach to Women's Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192632890
eISBN:
9780191723629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632890.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a brief review of the established adult risk factors for breast cancer. It then assesses the evidence linking breast cancer with childhood and prenatal exposures. Finally, it ... More


 Nonreproductive Health Issues

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables that arise in the health care of women who are HIV positive or have AIDS, women with breast or gynecological cancer, and the use of hormone replacement therapy for ... More


Physical Activity

I-MIN LEE and YUKO OGUMA

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses epidemiologic studies of physical activity and cancer prevention. There is a large body of epidemiologic data on the relation between physical activity and the risk of ... More


A life course approach to cancer epidemiology

Diana Kuh and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Epidemiologic studies have evaluated a limited number of cancer sites for risk factors over the life course. This chapter examines in utero and perinatal factors, and attempts to link these factors ... More


Dietary Fat and Breast Cancer

Walter Willett

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199754038
eISBN:
9780199979448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754038.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter reviews studies on the relationship of dietary fat intake and the incidence of breast cancer. Enormous resources have been invested in the hypothesis that reduction in the percentage of ... More


Time trends in cancer incidence and mortality

Diana Kuh and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter attempts to integrate experimental models of carcinogenesis and the life course approach into a common etiological framework. It presents a brief overview of trends in the most common ... More


A Life Course Approach to Women's Health

Diana Kuh and Rebecca Hardy (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192632890
eISBN:
9780191723629
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632890.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

How far is the health of middle-aged and older women shaped by biological, social, and psychological processes that begin in pre-natal development, childhood, adolescence, or early adult life? Do ... More


Breast cancer

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses one of the most fatal diseases common to women, breast cancer. In the United Kingdom, breast cancer is responsible for the deaths of over 15,000 annually. Over 90 per cent of ... More


The Personal Is Scientific, the Scientific Is Political: The Public Paradigm of the Environmental Breast Cancer Movement

Sabrina McCormick, Phil Brown, Stephen Zavestoski, and Alissa Cordner

in Contested Illnesses: Citizens, Science, and Health Social Movements

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520270206
eISBN:
9780520950429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270206.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the framework, history, and strategies of the environmental breast cancer movement, demonstrating the importance of understanding the fluidity of social-movement actors and ... More


Life-course approaches to socio-economic differentials in cause-specific adult mortality

David A. Leon and Gill Walt

in Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows that socio-economic position at different stages of the life course can influence particular conditions in particular ways. Two conditions — stroke and stomach cancer — seem ... More


Disease trends in women living in established market economies: evidence of cohort effects during the epidemiological transition

Diana Kuh, Isabel dos Santos Silva, and Elizabeth Barrett-Connor

in A Life Course Approach to Women's Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192632890
eISBN:
9780191723629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632890.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines trends in all-cause mortality and in coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, breast cancer, and lung cancer. These diseases show very different patterns over time and place but ... More


Group Psychotherapy for Women with Breast Cancer: Relationships among Social Support, Emotional Expression, and Survival

David Spiegel and Rachel Kimerling

in Emotion, Social Relationships, and Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195145410
eISBN:
9780199848201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145410.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

It must be taken into consideration that people diagnosed with cancer encounter not just physical damage but psychological problems as a result of the ... More


Hormones and Cancer

Robert N. Hoover, Amanda Black, and Rebecca Troisi

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Hormones are highly biologically active endogenous compounds that control the growth, development, physiology, and homeostasis of numerous organ systems. Because of this, they have long been thought ... More


Critical appraisal of a large population-based case–control study

J. Mark Elwood

in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529552
eISBN:
9780191723865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.003.15
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an example of the application of the scheme for critical appraisal: large population-based case-control study entitled ‘Risk of breast cancer in relation to lifetime alcohol ... More


Rehabilitative and salvage surgery

Andrea Pusic, Rachel Bell, and Diana Harcourt

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0023
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Mastectomy can have devastating affects on a patient's body image, sexuality, and view of herself as a woman. The decision to have a breast reconstruction can be difficult for women who are already ... More


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