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Family policy: charting new waters

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses three periods of policy change in the field of family policy. Concentrating on basic aspects of family support, such benefits and tax allowances for families, as well as pension ... More


Forging a Gender Contract in Early National and International Labour Regulation

Leah F. Vosko

in Managing the Margins: Gender, Citizenship, and the International Regulation of Precarious Employment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574810
eISBN:
9780191722080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574810.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, HRM / IR

This chapter traces the prehistory of the SER at the national and international levels, demonstrating its gendered roots. Building on scholarship in women's history illustrating how early attempts to ... More


Germany: Poverty as a Risk for Women Deviating from The Male Breadwinner Norm

Ute Klammer

in Poor Women in Rich Countries: The Feminization of Poverty Over the Life Course

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195314304
eISBN:
9780199865574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314304.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter discusses women's poverty in Germany. Topics covered include the distribution and development of poverty in Germany, the male breadwinner model and its differential impact on West and ... More


A Company of One: Insecurity, Independence, and the New World of White-Collar Unemployment

Carrie M. Lane

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449642
eISBN:
9780801460791
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449642.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Being laid off can be a traumatic event. The unemployed worry about how they will pay their bills and find a new job. In the American economy's boom-and-bust business cycle since the 1980s, repeated ... More


Earning a Living: Daughters and the Family Economy

Selina Todd

in Young Women, Work, and Family in England 1918-1950

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199282753
eISBN:
9780191712494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282753.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter assesses young women's family relations, demonstrating that the family economy structured their educational and employment opportunities. The reasons why young women's earnings were so ... More


Having a Life

Stewart D. Friedman and Jeffrey H. Greenhaus

in Work and Family—Allies or Enemies?: What Happens When Business Professionals Confront Life Choices

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195112757
eISBN:
9780199848737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195112757.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

It will come as little surprise that constant gender role stereotypes have a lot to do with the life satisfaction of people in the survey, and probably that of most readers. Most men are busy being ... More


Gender equality, citizenship and welfare state restructuring

Birte Siim

in The changing face of welfare: Consequences and outcomes from a citizenship perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345929
eISBN:
9781447303701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345929.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter uses the framework of citizenship to study the barriers and potentials for gender equality in the era of globalisation and welfare-state restructuring. In this frame, citizenship has two ... More


‘Dead, missing or prisoner of war?’ – classifying men lost in action

Barbara Hately-Broad

in War and Welfare: British POW Families, 1939–45

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719078545
eISBN:
9781781702352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719078545.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter elaborates the different scales of allowances that were applicable depending on whether the serviceman was deemed to be missing, prisoner of war or killed. For many families, the point ... More


Gender and New Labour: after the male breadwinner model?

Gillian Pascall

in Social Policy Review 20: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2008

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420763
eISBN:
9781447303473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420763.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

New Labour's accession marked a changed in government assumptions in gender. Under the previous Labour government, health and education legislation had given significant citizenship rights to women ... More


Working fathers as providers and carers: towards a new conceptualisation of fatherhood

Alison Smith

in Social Policy Review 20: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2008

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420763
eISBN:
9781447303473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420763.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter is a welcome counterbalance to the assumption that combining working and family life are women's concerns. It draws on an ESRC-funded study on how working fathers are reconceptualising ... More


The claim of economic citizenship: the concept of equality in a historical context

Christina Carlsson Wetterberg and Kari Melby

in Gender equality and welfare politics in Scandinavia: The limits of political ambition?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424655
eISBN:
9781447302407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424655.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter argues that the marriage reforms of the 1910s and 1920s represented a ‘modified dual breadwinner model’. It specifically compares how the reforms were justified ideologically and how ... More


Pension sharing on divorce: the future for women

Debora Price

in Social Policy Review 15: UK and international perspectives

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424709
eISBN:
9781447303428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424709.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter views the potential financial position of divorced women in retirement in England and Wales from two convergent perspectives. The first is a review of the location of the United Kingdom ... More


The family in the Swedish model

Åsa Lundqvist

in Family policy paradoxes: Gender equality and labour market regulation in Sweden, 1930-2010

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424556
eISBN:
9781447302339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424556.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter suggests that an ambivalent family ideal dominated the period between 1940 and 1960. This ambivalence reflected a deepening of the work–family balance paradox from the 1930s; while ... More


Towards gender-neutral ideals and gender equality politics

Åsa Lundqvist

in Family policy paradoxes: Gender equality and labour market regulation in Sweden, 1930-2010

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424556
eISBN:
9781447302339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424556.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter looks at the intellectual and political debate that led to the overhaul of family policy in the late 1960s and the 1970s. A sex-role debate, a radicalisation of the equality rhetoric ... More


Czech Republic: normative or choice-oriented system?

Jiřina Kocourková

in The politics of parental leave policies: Children, parenting, gender and the labour market

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420671
eISBN:
9781447303961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420671.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Until 1992, the Czech Republic was part of Czechoslovakia. Czechs and Slovaks shared the whole communist period as one country including the economic and social changes that followed the collapse of ... More


Portugal and Spain: two pathways in Southern Europe

Karin Wall and Anna Escobedo

in The politics of parental leave policies: Children, parenting, gender and the labour market

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420671
eISBN:
9781447303961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420671.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Welfare state and family policy in Southern Europe has been much researched and analysed, however there has been no systematic effort to look, in an historical context, at the evolution of policies ... More


What Kind of Job Is <i>That</i> for a Nice Jewish Boy?: Masculinity in an Upwardly Mobile Community

Rachel Kranson

in Ambivalent Embrace: Jewish Upward Mobility in Postwar America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635439
eISBN:
9781469635446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635439.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In the 1950s and early 1960s, American Jews wrestled with new models of masculinity that their new economic position enabled. For many American Jewish novelists, intellectuals, and clergy of the ... More


A Woman's Wage, Redux

Alice Kessler-Harris

in A Woman's Wage: Historical Meanings and Social Consequences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780813145136
eISBN:
9780813145631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145136.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This essay reviews the decades-long struggle for “a woman’s wage,” from the beginning of the 1900s to the early twenty-first century. While traditionally the father was the breadwinner and the mother ... More


Establishing Disparate Treatment through Masculinities

Ann C. McGinley

in Masculinity at Work: Employment Discrimination through a Different Lens

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780814796139
eISBN:
9780814764329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796139.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter discusses the way masculinities theory can be used to prove a disparate treatment case under Title VII by identifying invisible stereotypes about women (e.g. “aggressive bitch,” ... More


Conflicting Masculinities? Men in Reserved Occupations in Wartime Glasgow and Clydeside and their Masculine Subjectivities

Alison Chand

in Masculinities on Clydeside: Men in Reserved Occupations During the Second World War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781474409360
eISBN:
9781474427111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474409360.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

This chapter specifically considers the impact of being in reserved occupations during the Second World War on masculine subjectivity, exploring questions such as whether men felt emasculated as a ... More


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