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Explaining the Presence, Identifying the Change: Aquinas and Giles of Rome

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

For Aquinas and Giles, two questions loom large: how can the Body of Christ be there, where the bread still seems to be, and how can it get there without abandoning its throne in heaven? This chapter ... More


Duns Scotus on Two Types of Transubstantiation

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Scotus finds Giles' ‘improvements’ on Aquinas metaphysically tangled. This chapter examines Scotus' critique and his own fresh definitions: productive transubstantiation (extant substance S1 wholly ... More


Independent Accidents: Scotus and Ockham

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Scotus and Ockham both deny that reified quantity can play any role in the individuation of material substances or their accidents. Moreover, they interpret Aristotle as saying, not that only ... More


Eucharistic Eating and Drinking

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Real presence plus eucharistic eating threatens to expose the Body of Christ to tearing and chewing, digestion and excretion. This chapter first examines how two medieval theories evade this ... More


From Bread and Circuses to Soup and Salvation: The Origins of Byzantine Charity

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines how charity came into existence under the Byzantine Empire. It discusses three stages in the development of Byzantine charity: the first, from Apostolic times to the ending of ... More


The Lord's Prayer

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

As the linguist and renowned expert in the field of Bible translation, Eugene Nida has pointed out, “almost no lay person understands the meaning of the first petition in the Lord's prayer (Hallowed ... More


Legitimacy: The Praxis of Consensing and Consenting in the Contested Post-Racial Democratic Discourse in South Africa

Vuyani Vellam

in Contesting Post-Racialism: Conflicted Churches in the United States and South Africa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781628462005
eISBN:
9781626745094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628462005.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Legitimacy is a two pronged process that is validated through consensing and consenting. Both these prongs require mediation by symbols of the marginalized harnessed outside the contours of Western ... More


Pope Leo IX’s Legation to Constantinople (1054): Humbert and Cerularius

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0033
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the case of the unleavened bread and arguments against the traditional Greek usage of ordinary bread. Humbert defended the use of unleavened bread on the grounds that Christ ... More


Food, Municipalities, and the State

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter wonders why, since food was so important to life, there has not been more legislation touching its production and consumption. For decades municipalities intermittently used the assize ... More


Building an ‘A 1 Nation’: Health and Life Reform in the 1920s

Ina Zweiniger‐Bargielowska

in Managing the Body: Beauty, Health, and Fitness in Britain 1880-1939

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199280520
eISBN:
9780191594878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280520.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The dysgenic disaster of the First World War compounded anxieties about physical deterioration. Sir George Newman, Chief Medical Officer at the new Ministry of Health, advocated health education as ... More


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