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Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Jan Bures, F. Bermudez-Rattoni, and T. Yamamoto

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Conditioned taste aversion (CTA) is a robust defence device protecting animals against the repeated consumption of toxic food. CTA is due to an association of the gustatory conditional stimulus (CS) ... More


Central Autonomic Pathways

J. Patrick Card and Alan F. Sved

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The integrated control of physiological function of organ systems and tissues requires dynamic and responsive neural circuits. The brain controls adaptive changes in physiology through the ... More


Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of Caregiving

Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay describes neurobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms that are implicated in human caregiving. Anatomical and biochemical systems that first appeared in the evolutionary transition from ... More


Brainstem orosensorimotor mechanisms and the neural control of ingestive behaviour

H. Philip Zeigler

in Appetite: Neural and Behavioural Bases

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547877
eISBN:
9780191724275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547877.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines neural control and the role of brainstem orosensorimotor mechanisms in ingestive behaviour. It describes the afferent and efferent pathways and brainstem nuclear structures of ... More


Synthesis: corticospinal function and voluntary movement

Robert Porter and Roger Lemon

in Corticospinal Function and Voluntary Movement

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523758
eISBN:
9780191724404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523758.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Studies have established that when compared to lower mammals, two key developments have taken place in the primate motor system. The first is the increasingly important size and role of the motor ... More


The subcortical motor centres

Ray Guillery

in The Brain as a Tool: A Neuroscientist's Account

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198806738
eISBN:
9780191844317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806738.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter looks more closely at some of the subcortical motor centres that play a peripheral or an auxiliary role in the standard view: primarily the basal ganglia, the cerebellum, and the ... More


Stimulus onsets and echoes

Jos Eggerrmont

in Auditory Temporal Processing and its Disorders

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198719090
eISBN:
9780191802232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719090.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Accurate representation of sound onsets is determined by the dynamics of the sound as well as the threshold for sound detection in the auditory system. Fast onset sound of sufficient intensity ... More


Periodicity pitch

Jos Eggerrmont

in Auditory Temporal Processing and its Disorders

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198719090
eISBN:
9780191802232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719090.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Musical pitch can be roughly divided in spectral pitch, as for a pure tone or a complex tone with resolved harmonics, and periodicity pitch for periodic modulated sounds as in complex sounds with ... More


Dyslexia, specific language impairment, and auditory processing disorder

Jos Eggerrmont

in Auditory Temporal Processing and its Disorders

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198719090
eISBN:
9780191802232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719090.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Developmental dyslexia is defined as a specific and significant impairment in reading ability that cannot be explained by lower intelligence, learning opportunity, motivation or visual acuity. ... More


Audition

Leslie S. Smith

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

Audition is the ability to sense and interpret pressure waves within a range of frequencies. The system tries to solve the what and where tasks: what is the sound source (interpretation), and where ... More


Eye-Movement Control

Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

in Vision and the Visual System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199936533
eISBN:
9780190258054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter examines the manner in which higher level organisms accomplish eye movements. The chapter has twelve sections. Section A outlines the basic facts about eye movements. Sections B and C ... More


Perspective—The Origin Of Vertebrate Neural Organization

Thurston Lacalli

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0055
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The closest invertebrate relatives of vertebrates have brains that are smaller and organizationally much simpler that those of vertebrates, but there are similarities in basic architecture from which ... More


The emotional and embodied nature of human understanding: Sharing narratives of meaning

Jonathan Delafield-Butt

in The Child's Curriculum: Working with the Natural Voices of Young Children

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198747109
eISBN:
9780191809439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747109.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the emotional and embodied nature of children’s learning to discover biological principles of social awareness, affective contact, and shared sense-making before school. From ... More


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