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Diffuse axonal injury

JOHN T. POVLISHOCK and CAROLE W. CHRISTMAN

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the factors involved in the genesis of diffuse axonal injury and the factors involved in its attendant morbidity. Topics covered include the pathobiology of brain injury, ... More


The longitudinal study of spatial cognitive development in children with pre- or perinatal focal brain injury: Evidence for cognitive compensation and for the emergence of alternative profiles of brain organization

Joan Stiles, Pamela Moses, and Brianna M. Paul

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the perceptual effects of pre- or perinatal lesions. It shows that when subjects were asked to perform a task the outcome may appear normal, however, procedural affects may be ... More


Brain and Spinal Cord Injury

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Up to 50% of all trauma deaths in the United States involve significant injury to the brain or spinal cord. This chapter highlights the public health significance of traumatic brain and spinal cord ... More


Memory Development and Frontal Lobe Insult

Gerri Hanten and Harvey S. Levin

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter addresses the effect of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on memory skills in children. To provide a framework for the discussion of the neurobehavioral consequences of TBI in children, it ... More


Executive Functions after Frontal Lobe Injury: A Developmental Perspective

Vicki Anderson, Harvey S. Levin, and Rani Jacobs

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0030
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter contrasts normal cerebral and cognitive development with that of children who have sustained frontal pathology. It focuses specifically on the domain of executive function, with the ... More


Is more aggressive treatment of pediatric traumatic brain injury worth it?

J. Mick Tilford and Ali I. Raja

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health problem worldwide and is often referred to as the ‘silent epidemic’. The uncertainty faced by clinicians in treating children with severe brain injuries ... More


Frontal Lobe Plasticity and Behavior

Bryan Kolb and Robbin Gibb

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0032
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on how the structure of the frontal lobe changes over time, how this relates to behavior, and how the rest of the brain changes when the frontal lobe is injured. It shows that ... More


Effect of orbitofrontal lesions on mood and aggression

Pamela Blake and Jordan Grafman

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the effects of lesions in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) on mood states and aggressive behavior. Particular attention is paid to studies of patients with traumatic brain injury, ... More


Critical periods for functional recovery after cortical injury during development

Bryan Kolb and Robbin Gibb

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter reviews studies in laboratory animals, and especially rats, in which precise developmental age has been manipulated and both functional and anatomical outcome has been examined. It also ... More


Inflammatory responses to traumatic brain injury: an overview for the new millennium

Maria-Cristina Morganti-Kossmann, Mario Rancan, Philip F. Stahel, and Thomas Kossmann

in Immune and Inflammatory Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509806
eISBN:
9780191724596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509806.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter presents an overview of the major developments in the study of inflammatory responses to traumatic brain injury (TBI), reviewing the controversial role of inflammatory responses after ... More


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