Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 64 items

  • Keywords: brain injury x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Diffuse axonal injury

JOHN T. POVLISHOCK and CAROLE W. CHRISTMAN

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the factors involved in the genesis of diffuse axonal injury and the factors involved in its attendant morbidity. Topics covered include the pathobiology of brain injury, ... More


The longitudinal study of spatial cognitive development in children with pre- or perinatal focal brain injury: Evidence for cognitive compensation and for the emergence of alternative profiles of brain organization

Joan Stiles, Pamela Moses, and Brianna M. Paul

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the perceptual effects of pre- or perinatal lesions. It shows that when subjects were asked to perform a task the outcome may appear normal, however, procedural affects may be ... More


Brain and Spinal Cord Injury

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Up to 50% of all trauma deaths in the United States involve significant injury to the brain or spinal cord. This chapter highlights the public health significance of traumatic brain and spinal cord ... More


Memory Development and Frontal Lobe Insult

Gerri Hanten and Harvey S. Levin

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter addresses the effect of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on memory skills in children. To provide a framework for the discussion of the neurobehavioral consequences of TBI in children, it ... More


Executive Functions after Frontal Lobe Injury: A Developmental Perspective

Vicki Anderson, Harvey S. Levin, and Rani Jacobs

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0030
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter contrasts normal cerebral and cognitive development with that of children who have sustained frontal pathology. It focuses specifically on the domain of executive function, with the ... More


Is more aggressive treatment of pediatric traumatic brain injury worth it?

J. Mick Tilford and Ali I. Raja

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health problem worldwide and is often referred to as the ‘silent epidemic’. The uncertainty faced by clinicians in treating children with severe brain injuries ... More


Frontal Lobe Plasticity and Behavior

Bryan Kolb and Robbin Gibb

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0032
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on how the structure of the frontal lobe changes over time, how this relates to behavior, and how the rest of the brain changes when the frontal lobe is injured. It shows that ... More


Effect of orbitofrontal lesions on mood and aggression

Pamela Blake and Jordan Grafman

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the effects of lesions in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) on mood states and aggressive behavior. Particular attention is paid to studies of patients with traumatic brain injury, ... More


Critical periods for functional recovery after cortical injury during development

Bryan Kolb and Robbin Gibb

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter reviews studies in laboratory animals, and especially rats, in which precise developmental age has been manipulated and both functional and anatomical outcome has been examined. It also ... More


Principles of cognitive rehabilitation

Nicole D. Anderson, Gordon Winocur, and Heather Palmer

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.04
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

Cognitive rehabilitation can be defined as an intervention in which patients and their families work with health professionals to restore or compensate for cognitive deficits, thereby improving the ... More


Memory Development Following Early Medial Temporal Lobe Injury

Michelle de Haan

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on how injury during childhood to brain regions known to underlie cognitive memory in adults affects the functional development of cognitive memory. The aim is to review such ... More


Inflammatory responses to traumatic brain injury: an overview for the new millennium

Maria-Cristina Morganti-Kossmann, Mario Rancan, Philip F. Stahel, and Thomas Kossmann

in Immune and Inflammatory Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509806
eISBN:
9780191724596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509806.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter presents an overview of the major developments in the study of inflammatory responses to traumatic brain injury (TBI), reviewing the controversial role of inflammatory responses after ... More


Brain Injury and Survival

Walter Glannon

in Brain, Body, and Mind: Neuroethics with a Human Face

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199734092
eISBN:
9780199894475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734092.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the metaphysical and ethical implications of severe brain injury, considering the respects in which individuals with these injuries survive or fail to survive them. It ... More


Response of Microglia to Brain Injury

Kazuyuki Nakajima and Shinichi Kohsaka

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0035
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the response of microglia to brain injuries. Microglia are activated to induce various cellular changes, including morphology, immunohistochemical properties, proliferative ... More


Immune Responses in the Nervous System

Nancy J. Rothwell (ed.)

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748795
eISBN:
9780191724381
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748795.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This new edition covers recent advances in understanding immunological and inflammatory responses in the nervous system, research driven by the potential to use knowledge of the molecules and ... More


Listening in the Silence, Seeing in the Dark: Reconstructing Life after Brain Injury

Ruthann Knechel Johansen

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520231146
eISBN:
9780520927766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231146.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Traumatic brain injury can interrupt without warning the life story that any one of us is in the midst of creating. When the author's fifteen-year-old son survives a terrible car crash in spite of ... More


Emotions

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers two subjects in the study of emotion. The first subject is how people convey their own emotions and understand the emotions of others, and how these processes are disturbed ... More


Cognitive and behavioural disorders following traumatic brain injury

Anna Mazzucchi

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) could be defined as an insult to the brain caused by an external force producing altered states of consciousness that result in impaired cognitive or physical functions. ... More


Adaptive functional changes in the cerebral cortex during multiple sclerosis

Hasini Reddy

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter examines reorganization following damage due to the progression of multiple sclerosis in humans studied using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and other imaging techniques. ... More


Circuit Mechanisms Underlying Behavioral Variability during Recovery of Consciousness following Severe Brain Injury

Nicholas D. Schiff

in The Dynamic Brain: An Exploration of Neuronal Variability and Its Functional Significance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393798
eISBN:
9780199897049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393798.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Recovery of consciousness following severe brain injuries typically evolves through several stages marked by considerable behavioral variability. This chapter considers the role of ‘circuit-level’ ... More


View: