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Modules of the Human Mind

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter outlines some of the key modules that are likely to be unique to the human mind. These include a sophisticated mind-reading system, a language faculty, a variety of adaptations that ... More


In Search of Madness: Schizophrenia and Neuroscience

R. Walter Heinrichs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195122190
eISBN:
9780199865482
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122190.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book evaluates the progress of schizophrenia science by summarizing what is known about how patients with the illness differ from healthy people. The tools of meta-analysis are first explained ... More


Brains and Atypical Attention

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 4 discusses the feasibility and pitfalls of using brain imaging and recording technologies such as fMRI, PET and SPECT scans, magnetoencephalography, transcranial magnetic stimulation and ... More


The Neurobiology of Trauma and Memory in Children

J. Douglas Bremner

in Stress, Trauma, and Children's Memory Development: Neurobiological, cognitive, clinical and legal perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195308457
eISBN:
9780199867387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308457.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the association between brain development, trauma onset, memory, and neurobiological consequences of childhood trauma. It proposes a model of how stress-induced changes in the ... More


Mapping Adolescent Brain Maturation Using Structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Elizabeth R. Sowell, Paul M. Thompson, and Arthur W. Toga

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews new studies of normative brain development during childhood and adolescence that have been performed with sophisticated new brain mapping techniques, including cortical pattern ... More


Development of the visual system

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 1 Basic Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764143
eISBN:
9780199949359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764143.003.0205
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter starts with a brief outline of how eyes evolved from simple eyespots to complex camera-like eyes. An account of the development of the visual system starts with a description of methods ... More


Neuropsychological Foundations of Human Personality and Luria’s Legacy

George P. Prigatano

in Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195176704
eISBN:
9780199864706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176704.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Successful neuropsychological rehabilitation is in part determined by the patient’s personality, as Luria noted in his earlier writings. While Luria has presented a comprehensive theory of higher ... More


Brain, Body, and Mind: Lessons from Infant Motor Development

Daniela Corbetta

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on the role that the body plays in the process of brain and mind formation. It begins by reviewing some theoretical concepts about embodiment and the dynamic systems approach. It ... More


What Developmental Biology Can Tell Us about Innateness *

Gary F. Marcus

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines an apparent tension created by recent research on neurological development and genetics on the one hand and cognitive development on the other. It considers what it might mean ... More


Development of Remembering: Brain Development and Neuroimaging Evidence

Kathleen M. Thomas and Lyric Jorgenson

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter explores the role of brain development in the development of recollection. The discussion has three main goals. First, it reviews the basic neurobiology of physical brain development, ... More


Memory Development and Frontal Lobe Insult

Gerri Hanten and Harvey S. Levin

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter addresses the effect of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on memory skills in children. To provide a framework for the discussion of the neurobehavioral consequences of TBI in children, it ... More


The Architecture of the Modern Mind

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter presents an overview of the development and architecture of the human brain, and shows what evolutionary history has to do with the nature of cognition today. Drawing on the perspectives ... More


Normal Development of Prefrontal Cortex from Birth to Young Adulthood: Cognitive Functions, Anatomy, and Biochemistry

Adele Diamond

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0029
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The prefrontal cortex (PFC) undergoes one of the longest periods of development of any brain region, taking over two decades to reach full maturity in humans. This chapter focuses on normal ... More


The Developing Brain and Adolescent-Typical Behavior Patterns: An Evolutionary Approach

Linda Spear

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews current knowledge about the adolescent period from the perspective of evolutionary biology and the study of mammals, including humans. It highlights the universal characteristics ... More


Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes

Marc Marschark and Peter C Hauser (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368673
eISBN:
9780199894161
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book examines the cognitive underpinnings of deaf individuals' learning. The book is written by scientists from different disciplines, which rarely interact in other realms. In this book they ... More


Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Daniel Romer and Elaine F. Walker (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Recent advances in our understanding of the human brain suggest that adolescence is a unique period of development during which both environmental and genetic influences can leave a lasting ... More


Neuron–glial interactions

Barbara A. Barres

in Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter reviews recent studies that suggest that it is no longer tenable to consider glial cells as passive support cells. These studies have shown that interactions between neurons and glial ... More


Role of Rem Sleep in Brain Development and Plasticity

Majid Mirmiran and Ronald L. Ariagno

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the role of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in early brain development. Existing data suggest that REM sleep deprivation (REMD) in infants may retard brain growth and synaptic ... More


The Developing Visual Brain

Janette Atkinson

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book is an account of human visual brain development, covering both neuroscientific theory and clinical applications. It reviews over twenty years of studies, many from the author's teams at the ... More


Introduction

Daniel Romer and Elaine F. Walker

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0099
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This introductory chapter presents an outline of the events that led to the publication of this book. It details the organization of a conference, held at the University of Pennsylvania in June 2005, ... More


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