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Novel Approaches to the Assessment of Frontal Damage and Executive Deficits in Traumatic Brain Injury

Brian Levine, Douglas I. Katz, Lauren Dade, and Sandra E. Black

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0028
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of frontal brain damage. This chapter describes interrelated streams of research aimed at improving the specificity of behavioral and brain imaging ... More


Plasticity in visual development

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines human visual plasticity in relation to enhanced early visual input, early visual deprivation, perinatal brain damage, and congenital brain abnormalities. To answer these ... More


VIII Interdisciplinary Approach to Rehabilitation

Klaus R.H. von Wild

in Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195176704
eISBN:
9780199864706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176704.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter discusses functional (early)-rehabilitation and outcome in neurosurgery since the number of patients with permanent brain damage (TBI) is growing as a result of the increased survival ... More


The assessment and treatment of emotional disorders

Guido Gainotti

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.022
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of how emotional disorders differ from other ‘neuropsychological’ disorders such as language, memory, attention, visuospatial exploration, etc. It then discusses ... More


Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Stephen Lomber and Jos Eggermont (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The brain has a remarkable ability to adapt in the event of damage — in many cases shifting responsibility for specific cognitive functions to other non-damaged brain regions. This ‘plasticity’ can ... More


Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Simona Ghetti and Patricia J. Bauer (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The ability to remember unique, personal events is at the core of what we consider to be “memory.” How does the vivid experience of reinstatement of our past emerge? What is the contribution of this ... More


Effects of Brain Damage on Human Tool Use

Georg Goldenberg

in Tool Use and Causal Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199571154
eISBN:
9780191731259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571154.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter begins by questioning how the human brain accommodates man's outstanding capacity for creating and using tools. The review of impaired tool use following brain damage demonstrated that, ... More


Recovery and treatment of sensory perceptual disorders

C. Groh-Bordin and G. Kerkhoff

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.08
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter discusses recovery from and treatment techniques for sensory perceptual disorders in the visual, somatosensory, and auditory modalities. There is growing evidence for the efficacy of ... More


The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

John Marshall

Jennifer Gurd and Udo Kischka (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

The past thirty years have seen the field of clinical neuropsychology grow to become an influential discipline within mainstream clinical psychology and an established component of most professional ... More


Pathology of Visual Depth Perception

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 3 Other Mechanisms of Depth Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764167
eISBN:
9780199949373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764167.003.0223
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

Much can be learned about the visual system by studying clinical defects and abnormalities. Damage to the eyes or the visual cortex results in defects confined to a particular region of visual space. ... More


Spatial disorders

Angelo Maravita

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Our daily life is characterized by continuous interactions with the space around us. When we see an object of interest or hear the voice of a friend, we may wish to orient our eyes or head towards ... More


I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Sarah D. Richmond, Geraint Rees, and Sarah J. L. Edwards (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Since the 1980s, MRI scanners have told us much about brain function and played an important role in the clinical diagnosis of a number of conditions — both in the brain and the rest of the body. ... More


Disturbances of visual attention

Claus Bundesen and Thomas Habekost

in Principles of Visual Attention:: Linking Mind and Brain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570707
eISBN:
9780191693854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570707.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A powerful way to understand how a system works is to observe what happens if one of its parts is damaged. This is the simple idea underlying research on brain disturbances, one of the main areas of ... More


The neuropsychology of acquired calculation disorders

Marinella Cappelletti and Lisa Cipolotti

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.21
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

Acalculia is an acquired disorder of number processing and calculation skills following cerebral damage. The inability to use numbers can be very incapacitating as it interferes with several everyday ... More


Hippocrates: The Brain as the Organ of Mind

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In order to understand the Hippocratic revolution in medicine and how it led to the perception of the brain as the ruling member of the body, we must think of ancient Greece at three different but ... More


Steroids: By Joe Herbert

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The adrenal cortex secretes a wide range of steroids. Nearly all attention has been focused on the role in brain damage of cortisol (or corticosterone, its counterpart in some species). Only recently ... More


Spatial extinction and its relation to mechanisms of normal attention

Jason B. Mattingley

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter addresses the various clinical manifestations of extinction and relates these to relevant data on attentional limits in normal subjects. It then offers an overview of recent findings ... More


Neuropsychological rehabilitation: By Ian H. Robertson and Barbara A. Wilson

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

An alternative approach to the management of patients with brain damage is the rehabilitation of behavioural and psychological skills. Rehabilitative approaches have been developed in particular in ... More


The unseen and the unknown

Lawrence Weiskrantz

in Consciousness Lost and Found: A Neuropsychological Exploration

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524588
eISBN:
9780191689222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524588.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Typically, those types of damages which cause serious loss of mental and physical capacities are what most people associate with brain damage. Surprisingly, in virtually all of the major cognitive ... More


Primary sensory deficits after right brain damage—an attentional disorder by any other name?

Peter W. Halligan and John C. Marshall

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter provides a review of primary sensory deficits after right brain damage. It begins by presenting the historical basis for the conceptual divide between ‘primary’ and ‘high-level’ ... More


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