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Racial Meeting Grounds and Battlegrounds During Wartime, 1941–1947

Lori A. Flores

in Grounds For Dreaming: Mexican Americans, Mexican Immigrants, and the California Farmworker Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300196962
eISBN:
9780300216387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300196962.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter examines the conflict between Mexican Americans and a white mainstream that denied them equal treatment, and between Mexican Americans and braceros in a militarized, masculinized ... More


Bound in Tension: Mexican Americans, Braceros, and Undocumented Migrants, 1947–1960

Lori A. Flores

in Grounds For Dreaming: Mexican Americans, Mexican Immigrants, and the California Farmworker Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300196962
eISBN:
9780300216387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300196962.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter examines the attitudes of Mexican Americans toward braceros and “wetbacks” in the Salinas Valley during the period 1947–1960, with particular emphasis on how the tension between them ... More


The Community Service Organization, 1953–1963

Lori A. Flores

in Grounds For Dreaming: Mexican Americans, Mexican Immigrants, and the California Farmworker Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300196962
eISBN:
9780300216387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300196962.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter focuses on a local Community Service Organization (CSO) in the Salinas Valley and how it operated in the agriculture-centered environment of the region in the years 1953–1963. It first ... More


The Farmworker Movement in the Post-Bracero Era

Lori A. Flores

in Grounds For Dreaming: Mexican Americans, Mexican Immigrants, and the California Farmworker Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300196962
eISBN:
9780300216387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300196962.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter examines the farmworker movement in the Salinas Valley after the termination of the Bracero Program. It first considers the rise of Cesar Chavez and his United Farm Workers Organizing ... More


The forgotten heart-breaking epic of border struggle

Maria Cristina Fumagalli

in On the Edge: Writing the Border between Haiti and the Dominican Republic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381601
eISBN:
9781781382349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381601.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter discusses works that explore the different ramifications of ‘the forgotten heart-breaking epic of [the] border struggle’. These works deal with Hispaniola from the 1960s onwards and ... More


Citizens of Somewhere: Braceros, Tejanos, Dixiecrats, and Mexican Bureaucrats in the Arkansas Delta, 1939–1964

Julie M. Weise

in CorazÓn De Dixie: Mexicanos in the U.S. South since 1910

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624969
eISBN:
9781469624983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624969.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter Three discusses the more than 300,000 braceros —Mexican men on temporary labor contracts—who worked the Arkansas Delta’s cotton fields between 1948 and 1964. In some years, these braceros ... More


Border Incident (1949)

Max Alvarez

in The Crime Films of Anthony Mann

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781617039249
eISBN:
9781626740051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617039249.003.0015
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

In this chapter, Anthony Mann’s first M-G-M film, Border Incident, originally developed as an Eagle-Lion sequel to T-Men, is analyzed. The story of gangsters exploiting undocumented Mexican migrant ... More


Agriculture and Migrants

Philip Martin

in Importing Poverty?: Immigration and the Changing Face of Rural America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300139174
eISBN:
9780300156003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300139174.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter is concerned with U.S. farming systems and farm labor history. It discusses how agriculture in California expanded with the arrival of Mexican migrant and seasonal workers or braceros.


The Cold War and the Decline of the Revolutionary Generation

John H. Flores

in The Mexican Revolution in Chicago: Immigration Politics from the Early Twentieth Century to the Cold War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041808
eISBN:
9780252050473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041808.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter examines the decline of the radical Mexican nationalist left. During the Cold War, the U.S. federal government launched Operation Wetback and police departments and the FBI coordinated ... More


Latinos Reject America’s Definition: 1965–1975

David E. Hayes-Bautista

in La Nueva California: Latinos from Pioneers to Post-Millennials

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292529
eISBN:
9780520966024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292529.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The Chicano Generation, largely the grandchildren of refugees who fled the Mexican Revolution from 1910 to 1930, came of age in the 1960s and 1970s and rejected the nativist definition of Latinos by ... More


Mexicali’s Exceptionalism

Verónica Castillo-Muñoz

in Other California: Land, Identity, and Politics on the Mexican Borderlands

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520291638
eISBN:
9780520966727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291638.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the impact of Mexican migration to the United States during the era of the Bracero Program (1942–64). It addresses the question of why migration to border towns increased during ... More


Citrus in the War Years: Gender, Citizenship, and Labor, 1940–1964

Matt Garcia

in A World of Its Own: Race, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807826584
eISBN:
9781469604442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898932_garcia.11
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines how the gender and citizenship of laborers influenced the emergence of a new system of employment within the colonias. It discusses the exploitation of Mexican contract laborers ... More


Epilogue

Deborah Cohen

in Braceros: Migrant Citizens and Transnational Subjects in the Postwar United States and Mexico

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833599
eISBN:
9781469603391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899670_cohen.14
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter takes account of the author's observation of a radically different depiction of immigrants that appeared in media accounts when thousands took to the streets in places such as Chicago, ... More


The Occupational Careers of Ex-Braceros

Sergio Chávez

in Border Lives: Fronterizos, Transnational Migrants, and Commuters in Tijuana

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199380572
eISBN:
9780199380619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199380572.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies), Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines the return-migration and labor-market trajectories of ex-braceros who relocated to Tijuana after the termination of the Bracero Program in 1964. Rather than return to their ... More


Manhood, the Lure of Migration, and Contestations of the Modern

Deborah Cohen

in Braceros: Migrant Citizens and Transnational Subjects in the Postwar United States and Mexico

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833599
eISBN:
9781469603391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899670_cohen.7
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter explores the hopes of aspiring and actual migrants, and specifically the masculinist desire to be modern and its imagined benefits. It notes that this desire was a site of braceros' ... More


Strikes against Solidarity: Containing Domestic Farmworkers' Agency

Deborah Cohen

in Braceros: Migrant Citizens and Transnational Subjects in the Postwar United States and Mexico

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833599
eISBN:
9781469603391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899670_cohen.10
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter picks up on the previous chapter's engagement with class. It observes that domestic farmworkers refused to align themselves with braceros as a class but instead retrenched around ... More


Border of Belonging, Border of Foreignness: Patriarchy, the Modern, and Making Transnational Mexicanness

Deborah Cohen

in Braceros: Migrant Citizens and Transnational Subjects in the Postwar United States and Mexico

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833599
eISBN:
9781469603391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899670_cohen.11
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter observes that men went to great lengths to claim their place in the Mexican nation, anchored in their newly acquired position as modern subjects. It notes that Braceros' encounters with ... More


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