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Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious

Arthur S. Reber

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195106589
eISBN:
9780199871698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106589.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The book is an extended essay on implicit learning, a topic that emerged in recent years as an important but previously overlooked process. Implicit learning is learning that takes place independent ... More


Programs and Policies

Marina Umaschi Bers

in Designing Digital Experiences for Positive Youth Development: From Playpen to Playground

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199757022
eISBN:
9780199933037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757022.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the procedure for implementing effective programs and policies in regards to technological content. Safety has long been the primary concern of policymakers in terms of ... More


CONCLUSION

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott considers how, if human psychology were different, it could have been discovered that autonomy was a burden for human beings and thus that human beings should not be ... More


Managing Migration: Political Economies, Nonstate Actors, and Multiple Arenas

Georg Menz

in The Political Economy of Managed Migration: Nonstate Actors, Europeanization, and the Politics of Designing Migration Policies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533886
eISBN:
9780191714771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533886.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter provides a synopsis of the multilayered argument developed in this book, outlining the effects that divergent systems of political economy will have on the preferences of labor market ... More


Doing Public Management the Individualist Way

Christopher Hood

in The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297659
eISBN:
9780191599484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297653.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the four chapters of Part II, public management ideas that loosely correspond to each of the four polar world views identified by cultural theory are discussed. Here, the cultural theory framework ... More


The ecology and machinery of language

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Language is positioned in its ecological setting as part of the human mind, intentionally related to the actual and to virtual worlds and functional in a social force field. Grammar defines fully ... More


 Aesthetics and Theology in Congregational Song: A Hymnal Intervenes

Don E. Saliers

in Music in American Religious Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195173048
eISBN:
9780199872091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173048.003.0020
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter examines the decision-making processes that lead congregations and denominations to choose new hymnals. In the historical longue durée of American religious experience hymnals have ... More


Applications of community ecology approaches in terrestrial ecosystems: local problems, remote causes

Wim H. van der Putten

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

One of the greatest challenges facing applied ecologists is to elucidate causes of unwanted developments in natural and production ecosystems, and to translate this knowledge into management ... More


Towards a food web perspective on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning

Bradley Cardinale, Emmett Duffy, Diane Srivastava, Michel Loreau, Matt Thomas, and Mark Emmerson

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

While one of the most striking features of our planet is its great variety of life, studies show that ongoing biodiversity loss could reduce the productivity of ecosystems by as much as 50%. However, ... More


Synthesis and Perspectives

Lori Lach, Catherine L. Parr, and Kirsti L. Abbott

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

With their diverse morphological specializations, extensive behavioural repertoire, and ability to inhabit a variety of environments, ants are model organisms for testing ecological theory and ... More


Similarity, Induction, Naming, and Categorization: A Bottom-up Approach

Vladimir M. Sloutsky

in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter considers two broad theoretical approaches to cognitive development. One approach advocates the importance of a priori constraints in cognitive development (i.e. the top-down approach). ... More


On the Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Hulda Thorisdottir, John T. Jost, and Aaron C. Kay

in Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.003.001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter summarizes research that both reflects and exemplifies the recent resurgence of interest in the social and psychological characteristics and processes that give rise to ideological ... More


Irrigation Management—Does Bottom Up Work Better than Top Down in Sri Lanka?

Gamini Herath

in Promise, Trust and Evolution: Managing the Commons of South Asia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213832
eISBN:
9780191707438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

In Sri Lanka, the major institutional innovation introduced since the 1980s is the Irrigation Management Transfer (IMT) to water user associations (WUAs). In situations where top-down transfer ... More


The Theory Ladenness of the Mental Processes Used in the Scientific Enterprise 1: Evidence from Cognitive Psychology and the History of Science

William F. Brewer

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the issue of the theory ladenness of observation. Data from laboratory experiments and episodes in the history of science provide convincing evidence that perception is ... More


Midbrain and Forebrain Systems for Bottom-up Control of Spatial Attention

Eric I Knudsen

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents evidence that both forebrain and midbrain systems contribute to the bottom-up control of attention. It argues that these dual systems are linked with the well-studied forebrain ... More


Complexity and the Art of Public Policy: Solving Society's Problems from the Bottom Up

David Colander and Roland Kupers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169132
eISBN:
9781400850136
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169132.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Complexity science—made possible by modern analytical and computational advances—is changing the way we think about social systems and social theory. Unfortunately, economists’ policy models have not ... More


THE PROOF PARADIGM AND THE MORAL DISCOVERY PARADIGM

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott explains how the Proof paradigm, a model of top-down reasoning, has led to a serious misunderstanding of how moral judgments are epistemically justified. Talbott develops an ... More


The Magical Experience

Ariel Glucklich

in The End of Magic

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108798
eISBN:
9780199853434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108798.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Magical experience results from the way the participants—not just primitive hunters—are “linked” to their world. If no direct wiring (physiological link) can be found, then magic must be purely ... More


The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Eduard J. Beck, Nicholas Mays, Alan W. Whiteside, and José M. Zuniga (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book examines how local and global responses to the HIV Pandemic are shaped by the history, culture, institutions, and health system of the countries affected. Country chapters combine health ... More


History Writing as Reconstruction: The Beginnings of Holocaust Research from the Perspective of Its Victims

Laura Jockusch

in Collect and Record!: Jewish Holocaust Documentation in Early Postwar Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199764556
eISBN:
9780199979578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764556.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Historiography

The conclusion examines similarities and differences among the featured commissions and documentation centers and evaluates their importance for Holocaust studies. It argues that part of the reason ... More


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