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Confiscating Live Body Parts

Cécile Fabre

in Whose Body is it Anyway?: Justice and the Integrity of the Person

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199289998
eISBN:
9780191603556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199289999.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the duty of assistance includes a duty to make some of one’s body parts available, before death, to those who need them. It claims that however demanding such duty may seem ... More


Words for Parts of the Body

Asifa Majid

in Words and the Mind: How words capture human experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195311129
eISBN:
9780199776924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311129.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter addresses the question of whether there are “basic” body parts that are recognized across cultures, in how people talk about the body. Or to put it another way, how do people from ... More


Evolutionary Novelties: The Origin of Homologs

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the evolutionary processes that led to the origin of body parts, with particular emphasis on the concept of “novelties.” It first considers the distinction between the evolution ... More


Collecting Pathology: Fragmentation and the Traffic in Morbid Flesh

Samuel J. M. M. Alberti

in Morbid Curiosities: Medical Museums in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199584581
eISBN:
9780191725159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584581.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 3 begins with the point of origin of the anatomical specimen, that is, the death and dissection of the ‘patient’. Thus fragmented, body parts followed complex paths—harvested from hospital ... More


Introduction

Anne Phillips

in Our Bodies, Whose Property?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150864
eISBN:
9781400846368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150864.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book's main themes. This book considers what, if anything, is the difference between markets in sex or reproduction or human body parts and the ... More


Life = Body Plus X

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the human body and examines a commonly used name for the invisible something, the spirit or soul, denoted by X. It is assumed that the body cannot live without a soul and the ... More


An Integrative Map of the Body

Michael S. A. Graziano

in The Intelligent Movement Machine: An Ethological Perspective on the Primate Motor System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326703
eISBN:
9780199864867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326703.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins by discussing the question of whether the musculature of the hand is controlled in a decomposed or in an integrated manner in the primary motor cortex. It then discusses ... More


Our Bodies, Whose Property?

Anne Phillips

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150864
eISBN:
9781400846368
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150864.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

No one wants to be treated like an object, regarded as an item of property, or put up for sale. Yet many people frame personal autonomy in terms of self-ownership, representing themselves as property ... More


Consent With Inducements: The Case of Body Parts and Services

Janet Radcliffe Richards

in The Ethics of Consent: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195335149
eISBN:
9780199866335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335149.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the bearing of financial inducements on consent, focusing on the issue of selling kidneys for transplantation. How can it be considered unethical to sell kidneys if it is ... More


Justice and the Transfer of Body Parts

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240792
eISBN:
9780191680274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the real and hypothetical responses to questions related to a handicapped or diseased persons' entitlement of parts of others' bodies in order to remove their disabilities or ... More


The Body in Space: Visual Dynamics in Graeco-Roman Healing Pilgrimage

Alexia Petsalis-Diomidis

in Pilgrimage in Graeco-Roman and Early Christian Antiquity: Seeing the Gods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199237913
eISBN:
9780191716713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237913.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter presents a vivid analysis of the experience of the healing pilgrim in the Roman Empire. The focus is the Asklepieion at Pergamum that offers evidence of several types: architectural ... More


Subjecting the Body

Mira Balberg

in Purity, Body, and Self in Early Rabbinic Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780520280632
eISBN:
9780520958210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280632.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The second chapter explores how the rabbis perceived of the human body as a material entity and how they imagined its physical function in the contraction and transmission of impurity. The chapter ... More


Legal paradigms of human tissues

Remigius N. Nwabueze

in Human Tissue Research: A European perspective on the ethical and legal challenges

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199587551
eISBN:
9780191725630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587551.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter suggests that the legal status of human tissues is still evolving. The question of whether a human tissue deserves protection or what legal category underpins that protection often ... More


Trois Contes

Mary Orr

in Flaubert: Writing the Masculine

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159698
eISBN:
9780191673672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159698.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

In this chapter, Trois Contes (TC) uncovers the contradictions of the interpersonal within political, legal, or religious frames. It undertakes a new reading which investigates the morality of TC not ... More


Ambiguous Bodies: Reading the Grotesque in Japanese Setsuwa Tales

Michelle Osterfeld Li

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804759755
eISBN:
9780804771061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804759755.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This book draws from theories of the grotesque to examine many of the strange and extraordinary creatures and phenomena in the premodern Japanese tales called setsuwa. Grotesque representations in ... More


Fantastic Detached Body Parts

in Ambiguous Bodies: Reading the Grotesque in Japanese Setsuwa Tales

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804759755
eISBN:
9780804771061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804759755.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter examines setsuwa tales about detached parts that either act independently from the body or are otherwise fantastic in a severed state. The analysis of three setsuwa suggests that ... More


Some key body parts and polysemy: A case study from Koromu (Kesawai)

Carol Priestley

in The Semantics of Nouns

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198736721
eISBN:
9780191800382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198736721.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter discusses body part nouns, a part of language that is central to human life, and the polysemy that arises in connection with them. Examples from everyday speech and narrative in various ... More


Beyond the vagina-clitoris debate: From naming the genitals to reclaiming the woman’s body

in Sex and Desire in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9789888139156
eISBN:
9789882209756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139156.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This study brings into the open Hong Kong women's suppressed and hidden articulation of their feelings about their sexual body parts. By tracing the heavily regulated and always difficult process by ... More


The Discursive Construction of Sex: Remaking and Reclaiming the Gendered Body in Talk about Genitals among Trans Men

Lal Zimman

in Queer Excursions: Retheorizing Binaries in Language, Gender, and Sexuality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199937295
eISBN:
9780199345854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937295.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The division between biological sex and social gender is critical in much of feminist theory as well as in discourses about gender that circulate in transgender communities. This chapter investigates ... More


Modernism’s Multiplicity of Views

Jan-Christopher Horak

in Saul Bass: Anatomy of Film Design

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813147185
eISBN:
9780813154787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813147185.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Saul Bass was a master of montage, cutting together his title sequences and commercials out of numerous individual shots whose meaning could be read only through their syntactical juxtaposition. Bass ... More


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