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A life course approach to blood pressure

Diana Kuh and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses blood pressure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Topics discussed include blood pressure as a risk factor for CVD, the emergence of adult patterns of blood pressure, ... More


Blood pressure and the burden of coronary heart disease

C. M. M. Lawes, S. Vander Hoorn, M. R. Law, P. Elliott, S. MacMahon, and A. Rodgers

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents estimates of blood pressure distributions by age, sex, and world region to estimate the burden of coronary heart disease (CHD) attributable to raised blood pressure worldwide in ... More


The Human Manometer (§270)

Stephen Mulhall

in Wittgenstein's Private Language: Grammar, Nonsense and Imagination in “Philosophical Investigations”, §§ 243–315

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199208548
eISBN:
9780191709067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208548.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines why should the discovery that a particular sensation (whose presence we choose to express or note by using the sign ‘S’) is correlated with a rise in blood pressure give us any ... More


Disorders associated with high blood pressure

Michael de Swiet and Ian Leck

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses measurement of blood pressure as a means of screening for pregnancies that would have adverse outcomes and specifically considers pre-eclampsia. It is not possible to determine ... More


Intervention in high risk groups: hypertension

P. S. Sever and N. R. Poulter

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0051
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the treatment of hypertension for preventing cardiovascular disease. Topics covered include early trials, unresolved issues in drug treatment, benefits of more contemporary ... More


Measurement of Blood Pressure

Kevin T. Larkin

in Stress and Hypertension: Examining the Relation between Psychological Stress and High Blood Pressure

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106442
eISBN:
9780300128864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106442.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Obtaining an accurate measurement of blood pressure is required for the diagnosis and monitoring of hypertension. This chapter examines some of the methods used to measure blood pressure, which ... More


Effectiveness of Individual-Level Interventions to Prevent Vascular Complications

Amanda I. Adler

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter covers interventional studies aimed at lowering the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), nephropathy, retinopathy, blindness, lower-extremity amputation (LEA), peripheral sensory ... More


Transformative Meaning in Sound, Empowered Sound in Culture

Benjamin D Koen

in Beyond the Roof of the World: Music, Prayer, and Healing in the Pamir Mountains

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195367744
eISBN:
9780199867295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367744.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Chapter 6 details a power-laden and affective symbol, metaphor, poetic and musical sign in Pamir culture that is central to concepts of health and healing. This is done through poetic and musical ... More


Geography and migration with special reference to cardiovascular disease

Diana Kuh and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers two epidemiological approaches to investigating geographic variations in cardiovascular disease (CVD): ecological studies and migrant studies. Ecological studies examine the ... More


Cardiovascular System: Heart Rate; Cardiac Output; and Blood Pressure, Volume, and Flow

Robert M. Stern, William J. Ray, and Karen S. Quigley

in Psychophysiological Recording

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195113594
eISBN:
9780199846962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113594.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

The heart is a muscle, referred to as the myocardium, which begins functioning within the fourth week of embryonic development and continues to beat 3–4 billion times throughout life. About the size ... More


Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease

Alain G. Bertoni and David C. Goff

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the association between diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Most persons with diabetes will suffer from CVD in their lifetimes, and thus the prevention of CVD in this ... More


Regulation of Blood Pressure

Kevin T. Larkin

in Stress and Hypertension: Examining the Relation between Psychological Stress and High Blood Pressure

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106442
eISBN:
9780300128864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106442.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses the structure and function of the various components of the circulatory system that regulate blood pressure. It first describes how local body tissues regulate blood pressure ... More


Stress and Essential Hypertension

Kevin T. Larkin

in Stress and Hypertension: Examining the Relation between Psychological Stress and High Blood Pressure

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106442
eISBN:
9780300128864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106442.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

High blood pressure, commonly referred to as hypertension, takes two forms: primary or essential hypertension and secondary hypertension. In cases of secondary hypertension, there is an identified ... More


Acute Stress Responses: How Do Environmental Stressors Lead to Essential Hypertension?

Kevin T. Larkin

in Stress and Hypertension: Examining the Relation between Psychological Stress and High Blood Pressure

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106442
eISBN:
9780300128864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106442.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter examines how environmental stressors lead to essential hypertension via the acute stress response. It focuses on research examining the physiological responses of heart rate and blood ... More


Coronary heart disease risk factors in children

Roberto J. Rona and Susan Chinn

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629197
eISBN:
9780191723612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter assessed blood pressure, serum cholesterol, and physical fitness in classes in which the majority of the children were nine years old. Approximately 9% of the children had a cholesterol ... More


Vascular and metabolic function across the life course

Debbie A Lawlor and Rebecca Hardy

in A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199656516
eISBN:
9780191748042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656516.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The pathophysiological process of atherosclerosis, which ultimately leads to cardiovascular disease, begins in childhood and young adulthood. This chapter describes the life course trajectories in ... More


Bias

Steve Selvin

in Epidemiologic Analysis: A Case-Oriented Approach

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146189
eISBN:
9780199864720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146189.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a two-part study. The first part examines the regression to the mean incurred in measuring and remeasuring systolic blood pressure on the same individual. The second part ... More


Risk factors in the elderly

J. G. van der Bom and D. E. Grobbee

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses atherosclerosis and other risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in the elderly. It considers findings from studies on serum cholesterol, blood pressure, smoking, and type 2 ... More


Introduction The Case of Franklin

Kevin T. Larkin

in Stress and Hypertension: Examining the Relation between Psychological Stress and High Blood Pressure

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106442
eISBN:
9780300128864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106442.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Franklin, an African American firefighter, sustained third-degree burns on his left arm and hand when he attempted to free a child from a burning vehicle without success. Months following this ... More


Stress and Hypertension: Examining the Relation between Psychological Stress and High Blood Pressure

Kevin T. Larkin

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106442
eISBN:
9780300128864
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106442.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Does living a stress-filled life lead to elevated blood pressure? And if so, do strategies to manage better stress effectively lower blood pressure? This book examines more than a half-century of ... More


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