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On Becoming A Cultural Object: Academic Achievement and Acting White among Black Students

Karolyn Tyson

in Integration Interrupted: Tracking, Black Students, and Acting White after Brown

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199736447
eISBN:
9780199943951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736447.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter examines the way in which racialized tracking creates racial distinctions among students that lead to the interpretation of academic achievement as acting white. It begins with a short ... More


Birth of a Juvesnile Court

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

In the Progressive Era South, Reconstruction gave way to the rise of white supremacist redemption, subjecting black youths and communities to more explicitly neglectful, exploitative, and violent ... More


The Early Spoils of Integration

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines the changing racial politics of juvenile justice in the postintegration period (1954–70) to assess whether the main agenda was realized. It compares and contrasts developments ... More


Conclusion The Declining Significance of Inclusion

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter provides an account of this paradoxical and tragic reformulation of racial oppression and domination in the post-civil rights period. Formal integration reconfigured black youth ... More


Institutionalizing Racial Justice: The Black Surrogate Parental State, 1930–65

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The second wave of black child-saving initiatives was a duality of structure and agency rooted within and shaping a changing racial terrain. This chapter emphasizes the evolution of a distinct sense ... More


No Refuge Under the Law: Racialized Foundations of Juvenile Justice Reform

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines the nineteenth-century foundations of Jim Crow juvenile justice, including the racialized applications of common law protections, the racial politics of houses of refuge, and ... More


The Social Organization of Jim Crow Justice

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter focuses on the societal mechanisms and implications of Jim Crow juvenile justice. This sociological interpretation helps account for the formation and endurance of this peculiar ... More


The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Geoff K. Ward

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

During the Progressive Era, a rehabilitative agenda took hold of American juvenile justice, materializing as a citizen-and-state-building project and mirroring the unequal racial politics of American ... More


Raised Up Down Yonder: Growing Up Black in Rural Alabama

Angela McMillan Howell

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781617038815
eISBN:
9781621039761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617038815.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This book attempts to shift focus away from why black youth are “problematic” to explore what their daily lives actually entail. The book focuses on the small community of Hamilton, Alabama, to ... More


After the Rebellion: Black Youth, Social Movement Activism, and the Post-Civil Rights Generation

Sekou M. Franklin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814789384
eISBN:
9780814760611
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789384.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

What happened to black youth in the post-civil rights generation? What kind of causes did they rally around and were they even rallying in the first place? This book takes a close look at a variety ... More


The World beyond the Campus

Sekou M. Franklin

in After the Rebellion: Black Youth, Social Movement Activism, and the Post-Civil Rights Generation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814789384
eISBN:
9780814760611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789384.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter describes the role of youth-based activism by highlighting the origins, development, and collapse of the Southern Negro Youth Congress (SNYC), and its interaction with a diverse movement ... More


Uplifting Black Citizens Delinquent: The Vanguard Movement, 1900–1930

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Black opposition to Jim Crow juvenile justice systems went through waves of social action by the black child-saving movement. The movement's phases are distinguished by historical period as well as ... More


Movement Activism and the Post–Civil Rights Generation

Sekou M. Franklin

in After the Rebellion: Black Youth, Social Movement Activism, and the Post-Civil Rights Generation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814789384
eISBN:
9780814760611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789384.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter offers an overview of youth-based activism. It pays attention to four theoretical concerns: the political status of black youth in the post-civil rights era, the significance of movement ... More


Introduction: The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow Juvenile Justice

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This book brings together findings from the author's years spent pondering the questions related to black adults' experience and how they have shaped the development of American juvenile justice, and ... More


The Making of a Movement

Kenneth Robert Janken

in The Wilmington Ten: Violence, Injustice, and the Rise of Black Politics in the 1970s

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624839
eISBN:
9781469624853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624839.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

The growth of the movement in Wilmington was stimulated by the presence of organizations dedicated to breaking through the suffocating restrictions of paternalism that the white elite of North ... More


Citizen Delinquent: Race, Liberal Democracy, and the Rehabilitative Ideal

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Owing to the cultural and political link between child development and social welfare, juvenile social control became a concern for various, often competing constituencies interested in shaping the ... More


1960s: race and youth

John Belchem

in Before the Windrush: Race Relations in 20th-Century Liverpool

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781846319679
eISBN:
9781781387153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846319679.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Obscured by national preoccupation with immigration and new arrivals, the discrimination and disadvantage experienced by Liverpool-born black youths lay concealed and festering beneath the spurious ... More


Not Just Down Yonder

Angela McMillan Howell

in Raised Up Down Yonder: Growing Up Black in Rural Alabama

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781617038815
eISBN:
9781621039761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617038815.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines the collective identities of black youth in Hamilton, Alabama. It shows that young people consider themselves decidedly rural, albeit in new ways. It first explains the ... More


Youth in a “Private Estate” in the Oakland Hills

Jennifer Tilton

in Dangerous or Endangered?: Race and the Politics of Youth in Urban America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783115
eISBN:
9780814784273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783115.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the conflicts around Skyline High School between black middle-class parents and white homeowners who fought over whether children at the school were dangerous criminals or ... More


Talking Fragments: Fragmented Spirituality in Black Youth and Churches

Almeda M. Wright

in The Spiritual Lives of Young African Americans

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190664732
eISBN:
9780190678951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190664732.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Religion and Society

Building upon the research of religious educator Evelyn Parker, this chapter traces the causes, signs, and consequences of spiritual fragmentation among African American adolescents. Overwhelmingly, ... More


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