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Black Women and White Terrorism: Ida B. Wells, David Bryant Fulton, Pauline E. Hopkins, and the Politics of Representation

Sandra Gunning

in Rape, Race, and Lynching: The Red Record of American Literature, 1890–1912

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195099904
eISBN:
9780199855100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099904.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

In this chapter, the author presents a comparative study of two largely ignored black novels that focus on the suppressed presence of black women within the economy of racial violence. Looking at the ... More


Ain't I a Beauty Queen?: Black Women, Beauty, and the Politics of Race

Maxine Craig

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195152623
eISBN:
9780199849345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152623.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book is a study of black women as symbols, and as participants, in the reshaping of the meaning of black racial identity. The meanings and practices of racial identity are continually reshaped ... More


Consciousness of FBI Ghostreading Fills a Deep and Characteristic Vein of African American Literature

William J. Maxwell

in F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This part argues that Afro-modernist literature “pre-responded” to FBI inspection, internalizing the likelihood of Bureau ghostreading and publicizing its implications with growing bluntness and ... More


“The Interest Has Never Lagged”: African American Women and the Black Community

Elizabeth Hayes Turner

in Women, Culture, and Community: Religion and Reform in Galveston, 1880–1920

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195086881
eISBN:
9780199854578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195086881.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on the progressive movement of black women during the Progressive Era. Many historians have portrayed it as progressive for whites only. However, black women created their own ... More


Contexts for the Emergence of “Black Is Beautiful”

Maxine Leeds Craig

in Ain't I a Beauty Queen?: Black Women, Beauty, and the Politics of Race

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195152623
eISBN:
9780199849345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152623.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the four aspects of African American life that formed the sociocultural context in which new standards of beauty emerged during the period under discussion: the disparagement ... More


Yvonne's Wig: Gender and the Racialized Body

Maxine Leeds Craig

in Ain't I a Beauty Queen?: Black Women, Beauty, and the Politics of Race

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195152623
eISBN:
9780199849345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152623.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks at the rearticulation of race in light of gender differences. The new meanings and practices of race had different consequences for black men and black women. In 1964, very few ... More


The Appearance of Unity

Maxine Leeds Craig

in Ain't I a Beauty Queen?: Black Women, Beauty, and the Politics of Race

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195152623
eISBN:
9780199849345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152623.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter follows the use of women as symbols in the fractured politics of the Black Power Movement. As the movement for black liberation fragmented, images of the beautiful black woman and calls ... More


Introduction: A Highway through the Wilderness of Post-Reconstruction

CLAUDIA TATE

in Domestic Allegories of Political Desire: The Black Heroine’s Text at the Turn of the Century

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108576
eISBN:
9780199855094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108576.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

Post-reconstruction is the period wherein extant domestic novels were written by African American women, during the 1890s and the first few years of the twentieth century. These novels are of ... More


Laying the Groundwork: Washington, Burroughs, Bethune, and the Clubwomen's Movement

Kate Dossett

in Bridging Race Divides: Black Nationalism, Feminism, and Integration in the United States, 1896-1935

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813031408
eISBN:
9780813039282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813031408.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter outlines the stand of the three most prominent clubwomen on the issue of separation and integration movements and strategies on racism. These three women are Margaret Murray Washington, ... More


Black Nationalism and Interracialism in the Young Women's Christian Association

Kate Dossett

in Bridging Race Divides: Black Nationalism, Feminism, and Integration in the United States, 1896-1935

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813031408
eISBN:
9780813039282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813031408.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the Africa American women who worked within the assumed interracial Young Women's Christian Association at both the local Colored Branch in New York City and the national ... More


Introduction: Performing Objects

Uri McMillan

in Embodied Avatars: Genealogies of Black Feminist Art and Performance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479802111
eISBN:
9781479865451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479802111.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The introduction begins with a brief discussion of Lorraine O’Grady’s Mlle Bourgeoise Noire to discuss the risks and rewards of becoming the subject and object of art. It delineates the three key ... More


Ain't I a Beauty Queen? Representing the Ideal Black Woman

Maxine Leeds Craig

in Ain't I a Beauty Queen?: Black Women, Beauty, and the Politics of Race

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195152623
eISBN:
9780199849345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152623.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter presents the history of early African American beauty contests, which were black institutional responses to racist depictions of black women. They constitute evidence that African ... More


Standing (in Heels) for My People

Maxine Leeds Craig

in Ain't I a Beauty Queen?: Black Women, Beauty, and the Politics of Race

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195152623
eISBN:
9780199849345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152623.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter chronicles African American attempts to integrate white beauty contests. These attempts were rarely individual efforts. The contestants often received support from organizations, such as ... More


Pride and Shame: Black Women as Symbols of the “Middle Class”

Maxine Leeds Craig

in Ain't I a Beauty Queen?: Black Women, Beauty, and the Politics of Race

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195152623
eISBN:
9780199849345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152623.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter considers how the rearticulation of race began to incorporate an antagonistic stance toward a vaguely defined middle class. Women figured prominently as symbols in the ensuing rhetorical ... More


Saints Tales

Deidre Helen Crumbley

in Saved and Sanctified: The Rise of a Storefront Church in Great Migration Philadelphia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039848
eISBN:
9780813043791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039848.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter contains life histories of ten founding church elders, who are currently in their 80s and 90s. All of the narratives begin with a socio-historical snapshot of the elders' hometowns, ... More


Women as Victims and Participants

Michael Fellman

in Inside War: The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri During the American Civil War

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195064711
eISBN:
9780199853885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064711.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter includes the participation of women as fighters as well as in the family, home, and womanhood. The guerrilla war culture explained in the previous chapter was also applied to women, not ... More


Family Caps, Abortion and Women of Color: Research Connection and Political Rejection

Michael Camasso

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179057
eISBN:
9780199864546
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179057.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

Fifteen years ago, New Jersey became the first of over twenty states to introduce the family cap, a welfare reform policy that reduces or eliminates cash benefits for unmarried women on public ... More


What Can He Do?: African-American Churchmen Confront the Black Women's Era

Angela Hornsby-Gutting

in Black Manhood and Community Building in North Carolina, 1900–1930

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032931
eISBN:
9780813039404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032931.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines North Carolina Baptist Convention leaders' efforts to make their churches and themselves more manly. Fearing that their churches were becoming feminized, they sought to weaken ... More


Often Seen, Seldom Called: The Legacy of Jerena Lee

Andrew Billingsley

in Mighty Like a River: The Black Church and Social Reform

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195161793
eISBN:
9780199849512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161793.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The number of black women pastors is so small — less than 10% in the mainline denominations. So black women can be truly said to be often seen in the pews but seldom called to the pulpit. The ... More


Shakespeare and Black Women’s Clubs

Katherine West Scheil

in She Hath Been Reading: Women and Shakespeare Clubs in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450426
eISBN:
9780801464225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450426.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter shows how numerous black club women across the country claimed Shakespeare for their own educational and social agendas. These women saw knowledge of Shakespeare as a way to attain ... More


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