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Black Identity and Yellow Fever in Philadelphia: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; August 1793

Joanna Brooks

in American Lazarus: Religion and the Rise of African American and Native American Literatures

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195332919
eISBN:
9780199851263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332919.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter focuses on Absalom Jones and Richard Allen, members of Philadelphia's Prince Hall Masonic Lodge and founders of the African Methodist Episcopal church. Philadelphia's civic leaders ... More


“Where Shall We Work and Whom Are We to Serve?”: The Battle for the Tuskegee Veterans Hospital

Vanessa Northington Gamble

in Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, 1920–1945

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078893
eISBN:
9780199853762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078893.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The demonstration that occurred on July 3, 1923, on the streets of Tuskegee, Alabama, would turn out to be one of the most explosive events of the black hospital movement. This battle over control of ... More


“And now she was different”: Sexuality and differentiation among Black Women in Quicksand, Passing, and Sula

Helena Michie

in Sororophobia: Differences Among Women in Literature and Culture

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195073874
eISBN:
9780199855223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073874.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

History and literature have been known to ascribe a blanket of sameness in the study of black communities and their issues. The chapter approaches the concept of dissimilarity within communities of ... More


John Marrant and the Lazarus Theology of the Early Black Atlantic: Birchtown, Nova Scotia; November 1785

Joanna Brooks

in American Lazarus: Religion and the Rise of African American and Native American Literatures

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195332919
eISBN:
9780199851263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332919.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter follows African American evangelist John Marrant (1755–90) during his three-year mission to Birchtown, Nova Scotia, where thousands of exiled black Loyalists had formed North America's ... More


The Demise of the Plantation

Martin Ruef

in Between Slavery and Capitalism: The Legacy of Emancipation in the American South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162775
eISBN:
9781400852642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162775.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines how Southern blacks and whites confronted categorical—as well as classical—uncertainty, as the maintenance of plantation agriculture proved increasingly untenable. Social ... More


The Early Spoils of Integration

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines the changing racial politics of juvenile justice in the postintegration period (1954–70) to assess whether the main agenda was realized. It compares and contrasts developments ... More


Working Together to Live Tobacco-Free:: Community-Based Smoking Cessation in North Lawndale

Joseph F. West and Charlene J. Gamboa

in Urban Health: Combating Disparities with Local Data

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199731190
eISBN:
9780199866465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

North Lawndale in the city of Chicago is a community that is predominantly Black, poor, and dilapidated. Smoking is a pervasive public health issue for North Lawndale compounded by the deeply rooted ... More


The Crisis of Emancipation and Reconstruction in Savannah

Andrew Billingsley

in Mighty Like a River: The Black Church and Social Reform

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195161793
eISBN:
9780199849512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161793.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The black churches in Savannah responded in two distinct ways to the collapse of the Confederacy and the crisis of emancipation. They expanded their churches, and established an institutional ... More


Birth of a Juvesnile Court

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

In the Progressive Era South, Reconstruction gave way to the rise of white supremacist redemption, subjecting black youths and communities to more explicitly neglectful, exploitative, and violent ... More


Institutionalizing Racial Justice: The Black Surrogate Parental State, 1930–65

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The second wave of black child-saving initiatives was a duality of structure and agency rooted within and shaping a changing racial terrain. This chapter emphasizes the evolution of a distinct sense ... More


Conclusion The Declining Significance of Inclusion

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter provides an account of this paradoxical and tragic reformulation of racial oppression and domination in the post-civil rights period. Formal integration reconfigured black youth ... More


The Making of the Negro Mecca: Harlem and the Struggle for Community Rights

Shannon King

in Whose Harlem Is This, Anyway?: Community Politics and Grassroots Activism during the New Negro Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479811274
eISBN:
9781479866915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479811274.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents the “real estate race war” and blacks' search for housing in Harlem in the aftermath of the 1900 race riot. Over the course of roughly two decades, a network of black realtors, ... More


General Sherman and the Black Church

Andrew Billingsley

in Mighty Like a River: The Black Church and Social Reform

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195161793
eISBN:
9780199849512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161793.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the contribution of General William T. Sherman to the black church. Gen. Sherman's brilliant and bloody march through Georgia and the Carolinas during the fall and winter of ... More


On Jordan’s Banks: Emancipation and Its Aftermath in the Ohio River Valley

Darrel E. Bigham

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813123660
eISBN:
9780813134741
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813123660.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

The story of the Ohio River and its settlements are an integral part of American history, particularly during the country's westward expansion. The vibrant African American communities along the ... More


Uplifting Black Citizens Delinquent: The Vanguard Movement, 1900–1930

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Black opposition to Jim Crow juvenile justice systems went through waves of social action by the black child-saving movement. The movement's phases are distinguished by historical period as well as ... More


The Substance of Community

Mara Casey Tieken

in Why Rural Schools Matter

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781469618487
eISBN:
9781469618500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618487.003.0007
Subject:
Education, History of Education

This chapter explains how a school defines a community. A school pulls together a particular group of individuals into a community within a boundary and with a certain identity. In Delight, the ... More


The Social Organization of Jim Crow Justice

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter focuses on the societal mechanisms and implications of Jim Crow juvenile justice. This sociological interpretation helps account for the formation and endurance of this peculiar ... More


“Maintaining ‘a High Class of Respectability’ in Negro Neighborhoods”: Contestation and Congregation in Harlem’s Geography of Vice and Leisure during the Prohibition era

Shannon King

in Whose Harlem Is This, Anyway?: Community Politics and Grassroots Activism during the New Negro Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479811274
eISBN:
9781479866915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479811274.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines Harlemites' contestations over black leisure culture and vice activity in public and private spaces during the Prohibition era. Black-owned enterprises especially espoused a ... More


Dysfunctional Functionality: Collaboration at Its Best in the Black Arts Era

Carmen L. Phelps

in Visionary Women Writers of Chicago's Black Arts Movement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617036804
eISBN:
9781621039174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617036804.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter explores how the agenda of the Black Arts movement (BAM) was shaped by and paradoxically instituted by a collaboration of competing and contradicting factors. Black American artists, ... More


The Fate of the Black Working Class: The Global Economy, Rachism, and Union Organizing

MICHAEL KEITH HONEY

in Black Workers Remember: An Oral History of Segregation, Unionism, and the Freedom Struggle

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520217744
eISBN:
9780520928060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520217744.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explains that by the mid-1970s, black workers in a core of unionized factory jobs had torn down most Jim Crow barriers within their workplaces and unionism after decades of painful ... More


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