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Reproductive Rights: Redefining the Meaning of Critical Mass

Debra L. Dodson

in The Impact of Women in Congress

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780198296744
eISBN:
9780191603709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296746.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

When the 1994 elections gave control of Congress to a conservative, Christian Coalition-dominated, Republican majority, what some had over-optimistically touted as a critical mass of women became a ... More


Nietzsche's Critiques

R. Kevin Hill

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199285525
eISBN:
9780191700354
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285525.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book gives a new interpretation of Nietzsche's philosophy and examines in detail his debt to Kant, in particular the Critique of Pure Reason, Critique of Practical Reason, and Critique of ... More


Concluding Observations

Kenneth G. C. Newport

in The Branch Davidians of Waco: The History and Beliefs of an Apocalyptic Sect

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199245741
eISBN:
9780191697494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245741.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

It is important to note that the combined membership of the various factions of the movement never amounted to more than 1,000 in total. Also, the Davidian and the Branch Davidian traditions existed ... More


 Different Starting Points, Standpoints, End Points

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Terms crucial to bioethical debate are examined: these include life, death, human, person, moral status, and moral agency. The moral relevance of the gestational tie between a woman and her fetus as ... More


Population

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents population data on OECD countries. It features tables on mid-year estimates, population growth, population density, age structure, birth rate, life expectancy, infant mortality ... More


Modeling the Genomic Evolution of Gene Contents

Xun Gu

in Statistical Theory and Methods for Evolutionary Genomics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199213269
eISBN:
9780191594762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213269.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Whole-genome analysis, e.g., the presence or absence of gene families over multiple genomes, is becoming an attractive approach for extracting the bulk phylogenetic signals and exploring the pattern ... More


Wisdom’s World: Cosmos as Playhouse in Proverbs 8:22–31

William P. Brown

in The Seven Pillars of Creation: The Bible, Science, and the Ecology of Wonder

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730797
eISBN:
9780199777075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730797.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Theology

Creation according to Wisdom is this chapter’s focus. Proverbs 8:22-31 marks the climax of Wisdom’s discourse, whose aim is to establish her preeminent authority and status. In this text, Wisdom is ... More


 The Birth of Christ: A Theological Reading of Briton Hammon's 1760 Narrative

J. Kameron Carter

in Race: A Theological Account

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195152791
eISBN:
9780199870578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152791.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Read individually and together or intertextually, a number of black antebellum texts employ Christian theological ideas to envision black existence as free. Indeed, they employ theological ideas in ... More


Reproduction by the Chaste: Parthenogenesis

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Virgins can indeed give birth, and not only in Greek mythology. In biology, the word partheno appended by genesis (meaning origin) describes the clonal process by which a female procreates without ... More


Phases of Life

S.C. Dube

in The Kamar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077312
eISBN:
9780199081158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077312.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter discusses the events that comprise the normal lifecycle of a Kamar. It begins with child-birth, which is considered an event of great sociological significance. It relates the things a ... More


The Colossal Fetuses of La Venta and Mesoamerica’s Earliest Creation Story

Carolyn E. Tate

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

Among the earliest monumental sculptures of the Americas were depictions of the human fetus. Along with representations of the human embryo, sculptures of the fetus were important subjects in the art ... More


Embryology in Babylonia and the Bible

Marten Stol

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

This essay is a historical and philological investigation of reproduction as it was understood in ancient Near East societies. It explores the differences in embryology as conceived by various ... More


Introduction: Living the Great Illusion

Martin Ceadel

in Living the Great Illusion: Sir Norman Angell, 1872-1967

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199571161
eISBN:
9780191721762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571161.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains the senses in which Angell lived the great illusion. It provides an overview of Angell's long and varied life, emphasizing not only his idealism and charm but also his capacity ... More


Nucleation and Droplet Growth as a Stochastic Process

Oliver Penrose

in Analysis and Stochastics of Growth Processes and Interface Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239252
eISBN:
9780191716911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239252.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Analysis

This chapter proposes a stochastic differential equation as the putative limit for a birth-and-death Markov chain model for the fluctuating size of a droplet, in a fluid, that is metastable with ... More


The Transition to Post-Industrial BMI Values in the United States

Marek Brabec and John Komlos

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The trend in the BMI values of the United States population has not been estimated accurately because time series data are unavailable and because the focus has been on calculating period effects. ... More


Civil Status and Identification in Nineteenth-Century France: A Matter of State Control?

Paul-André Rosental

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Civil status, and particularly birth certificates, rather than identity papers, are the legal basis of identification in France. Its nineteenth-century history presents a complex picture, which ... More


Democratic Demographics: Does Democracy Alter Politicians’ Origins?

Roderic Ai Camp

in The Metamorphosis of Leadership in a Democratic Mexico

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199742851
eISBN:
9780199866298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742851.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Demographic variables determine many characteristics in a politician's background and determine critical career choices. Social origin is one of the most influential of such variables, but the major ... More


Birth Registration and the Promotion of Children’s Rights in the Interwar Years: The Save the Children International Union's Conference on the African Child and Herbert Hoover's American Child Health Association

Dominique Marshall

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0018
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The right of children to be registered at birth was not part of early universal declarations of entitlements for the young adopted in the wake of the First World War. But during the interwar years, ... More


Children, Citizenship and Child Support: The Child Support Grant in Post-Apartheid South Africa

Francie Lund

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0019
Subject:
History, World Modern History

In April 1998, the post-apartheid South African government introduced a monthly cash transfer for children in poor households. A requirement for getting the grant was that the birth of the child had ... More


Preterm birth

Siobhan M. Dolan

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Preterm birth (PTB) is a perplexing clinical condition and major public health challenge. In 2006, 12.8% of all births in the United States were preterm, defined as occurring before 37 completed ... More


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