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Barriers to Bioweapons: The Challenges of Expertise and Organization for Weapons Development

Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452888
eISBN:
9780801471933
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452888.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

There exists the belief that with sufficient motivation and material resources, states or terrorist groups can produce bioweapons easily, cheaply, and successfully. This book challenges this ... More


A Brief History of Bioterrorism

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Chapter 2 traces the history of bioterrorism in the US and eldewhere, beginning with the Rajneeshee episode in Oregon in 1985. The unsuccessful Aum Shinrikyo forays into bioterrorism in Japan in the ... More


First Defense: The Immune System and Bioterrorism

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

During the first 48–72 hours of a bioterrorist attack using pathogenic microbes, the immune system will be our primary means of defense against potentially fatal disease. This chapter looks at the ... More


Small Bioweapons Programs and the Constraints of Covertness

Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley

in Barriers to Bioweapons: The Challenges of Expertise and Organization for Weapons Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452888
eISBN:
9780801471933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452888.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter argues that achieving covertness in a bioweapons program can be likened to a double-edged sword: though it can shield an illicit program from outside scrutiny while the program seeks the ... More


The American Bioweapons Program: Struggling with a Split Personality Disorder

Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley

in Barriers to Bioweapons: The Challenges of Expertise and Organization for Weapons Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452888
eISBN:
9780801471933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452888.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter discusses the termination of U.S. bioweapons program in 1969 due to issues of moral concerns as well as the unpredictability of the weapon effects and reliability. Because of this ... More


The Soviet Bioweapons Program: Failed Integration

Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley

in Barriers to Bioweapons: The Challenges of Expertise and Organization for Weapons Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452888
eISBN:
9780801471933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452888.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter describes the Soviet's anthrax production plant in Stepnogorsk, Kazakhstan. Spanning two square kilometers, the plant was composed of more than fifty buildings. It also has a line of ... More


Preventing Bioweapons Developments: Policy Implications

Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley

in Barriers to Bioweapons: The Challenges of Expertise and Organization for Weapons Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452888
eISBN:
9780801471933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452888.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This concluding chapter claims that the book's case studies offer an interesting gradation of variables and illustrate the importance of analyzing their effects as they interact to achieve a ... More


the Threat of Bioweapons

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0024
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter is concerned with the threat of bioweapons. First, it looks at the final touches the research team made on the maps of the victims' daytime locations and the locations of the six ... More


Breeding Bio Insecurity: How U.S. Biodefense Is Exporting Fear, Globalizing Risk, and Making Us All Less Secure

Lynn C. Klotz and Edward J. Sylvester

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226444055
eISBN:
9780226444079
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226444079.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

In the years since the 9/11 attacks—and the subsequent lethal anthrax letters—the United States has spent billions of dollars on measures to defend the population against the threat of biological ... More


Dangerous Crossing

Lynn C. Klotz and Edward J. Sylvester

in Breeding Bio Insecurity: How U.S. Biodefense Is Exporting Fear, Globalizing Risk, and Making Us All Less Secure

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226444055
eISBN:
9780226444079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226444079.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter provides an overview of the dangerous future posed by the threats in the name of biosecurity, which is very complex because there are no simple solutions for it, but there are only ... More


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