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Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

William R Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Over the past two decades, an enormous effort has been mounted by numerous federal and state agencies to prepare America to defend against the possibility of a catastrophic bioterrorist attack. This ... More


In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

William R. Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The immune system is the only thing standing between us and a world of microbial predators that could send us to an early and ugly death. It would be our only defense during the first hours of a ... More


The Chocaholic Mushroom

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

The pods of the tropical plant cacao, Theobroma cacao, are the source of chocolate. This crop is afflicted by a multitude of fungal diseases, including witches’ broom, frosty pod rot, and black pod. ... More


Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Melanie Armstrong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The United States government has spent billions of dollars this century to prepare the nation for bioterrorism, despite the extremely rare occurrence of biological attacks in modern American history. ... More


Legal Considerations in Public Health Surveillance in the United States

Verla S. Neslund, Richard A. Goodman, James G. Hodge, and John P. Middaugh

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides an overview of the legal issues relating to public health surveillance. It discusses the general legal authorities for public health surveillance set forth in constitutional, ... More


The Wrong Complexion for Protection: How the Government Response to Disaster Endangers African American Communities

Robert D. Bullard and Beverly Wright

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814799932
eISBN:
9780814763841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814799932.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

When the images of desperate, hungry, thirsty, sick, mostly black people circulated in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, it became apparent to the whole country that race did indeed matter when it ... More


Biological weapons

Victor W. Sidel and Barry S. Levy

in Terrorism and Public Health: A balanced approach to strengthening systems and protecting people

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325256
eISBN:
9780199864409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325256.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes biological weapons, including the history of their proliferation and use, outbreaks of anthrax and salmonellosis, international control of biological weapons, and specific ... More


The public health response to the anthrax epidemic

Philip S. Brachman

in Terrorism and Public Health: A balanced approach to strengthening systems and protecting people

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325256
eISBN:
9780199864409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325256.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the public health response to the anthrax epidemic in 2001. It discusses historical background, epidemiology of anthrax, terrorist use of anthrax, and evaluation of the public ... More


The Acquisition and Use of Specialized Knowledge

Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley

in Barriers to Bioweapons: The Challenges of Expertise and Organization for Weapons Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452888
eISBN:
9780801471933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452888.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter narrates a meeting in Geneva in December 2011, where former U.S. secretary of state Hillary Clinton warned of a potential bioterrorism threat. She said that “a crude, but effective, ... More


Responding to Potential Emergencies: The Threat Assessment Unit

Benjamin Bristow, Dickson Diamond, Moon Kim, and Alonzo Plough

in Public Health Practice: What Works

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199892761
eISBN:
9780199301515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892761.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Following the September 11th terrorist attacks and anthrax attacks shortly after, the need was recognized for public health departments to partner with law enforcement and federal security agencies ... More


Introduction: Political Ecologies of Bioterror

Melanie Armstrong

in Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Bioterrorism has emerged as a prominent fear of the modern age, alongside revolutions in biological science and changing practices of warfare. Bioterrorism is also an important, and often overlooked, ... More


Agents of Care: Bioterrorism Preparedness at the CDC

Melanie Armstrong

in Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Following 9/11 and the subsequent anthrax attacks, the U.S. government enlisted the public health industry in homeland security and defense, bringing weapons like disease surveillance and life ... More


Simulation Science: Securing the Future

Melanie Armstrong

in Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Because no large-scale bioterrorist attack has happened in the modern age, planning for bioterrorism requires imagination. Simulations, ranging from computer-generated models to large-scale ... More


Conclusion: “Freaked Out Yet?”

Melanie Armstrong

in Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Fears of bioterrorism persist more than a decade after 9/11, continuing to shape public health practice and scientific research. The conclusion revisits two themes of the book: that the materiality ... More


An Unlikely Sponsor?: The Rise of Civilian Biodefense

Frank L. Smith

in American Biodefense: How Dangerous Ideas about Biological Weapons Shape National Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452710
eISBN:
9780801455162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452710.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter studies civilian biodefense as a “natural experiment” to compare with research, development, acquisition, and doctrine in the military. Foreshadowed during the Korean War, the rise of ... More


The Bioproliferation Puzzle

Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley

in Barriers to Bioweapons: The Challenges of Expertise and Organization for Weapons Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452888
eISBN:
9780801471933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452888.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This introductory chapter explains why the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB) halted Erasmus Medical Center's plan to publish a major finding about the H5N1 bird flu. The Erasmus ... More


Introduction

Thomas D. Beamish

in Community at Risk: Biodefense and the Collective Search for Security

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780804784429
eISBN:
9780804794657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784429.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

The Introduction develops the context within which the federal government’s biodefense plans emerged and on which they were justified, including 9/11, the anthrax attacks, and the successive menace ... More


Pandemic Disease, Biological Weapons, and War

Lawrence Douglas, Austin Sarat, and Laura K. Donohue

in Law and War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804787420
eISBN:
9780804788861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787420.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

Broadly historical in its perspective, Laura Donohue tells a story of the blurring of categories. From the founding of the Republic through the end of the twentieth century, the legal authority to ... More


Biological Hazards

Mark Russi

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes various biological hazards and their impact on workers and others. A major focus of the chapter is biological hazards in healthcare and laboratory settings, including exposure ... More


Evolution of the BW Prohibition Regime: Assessing Achievements and Weaknesses

in Preventing a Biochemical Arms Race

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804782753
eISBN:
9780804786157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804782753.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC) prohibition regime. The problem with the BWC does not lie in its intended scope but in its ... More


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