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Biodiversity and Food-Web Structure of a Galápagos Shallow Rocky-Reef Ecosystem

Rodrigo H. Bustamante, Thomas A. Okey, and Stuart Banks

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes ecology of the Galapagos rocky reef system and the important role of biogeographic position on biodiversity, the El Niño cycle, and the history of resource extraction on the ... More


Blights, Rusts, and Rots Never Sleep: A Look at Forestry and Agriculture, Biological Warfare, and the Global Impact of Fungal Disease

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter explores the future of the ongoing competition between humans and fungi for control of the biosphere. The emerging diseases of white pine blister rust, sudden oak death, jarrah dieback, ... More


The longevity and resilience of the Amazon rainforest

Mark Maslin

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter highlights and explains the impressive story of the persistence of the Amazonian rainforest throughout the Cenozoic. Palaeoclimate and palaeoecological records suggest that the Amazon ... More


Systemic Management: Sustainable Human Interactions with Ecosystems and the Biosphere

Charles W. Fowler

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199540969
eISBN:
9780191716249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540969.001.1
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

“Systemic management” describes a holistic, objective, and universally applicable form of management, providing a framework for addressing environmental challenges such as global warming, emergent ... More


Introducing the thought experiment

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This introductory chapter sets out the books central thought experiment: ‘For any planet with carbon-based life, which persists over geological time-scales, what is the minimum set of ecological ... More


The global significance of respiration in aquatic ecosystems: from single cells to the biosphere

Paul A. del Giorgio and Peter J. le B. Williams

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter synthesizes existing information regarding the magnitude and regulation of respiration in the major aquatic ecosystems of the biosphere, and draws from the main conclusions of the ... More


A Water Perspective on Population, Environment, and Development

Malin Falkenmark

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240692
eISBN:
9780191714269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240692.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter attempts to integrate population growth, environment, and development, taking as its starting point that fact that the water-cycle may be seen as the central clockwork of the biosphere. ... More


Systemic management—what and why?

Charles W. Fowler

in Systemic Management: Sustainable Human Interactions with Ecosystems and the Biosphere

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199540969
eISBN:
9780191716249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540969.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter summarizes the underlying concepts of the book including: (1) an introduction to systemic management as it emerges from published tenets of management, derived in part from the ... More


Patterns among species: information

Charles W. Fowler

in Systemic Management: Sustainable Human Interactions with Ecosystems and the Biosphere

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199540969
eISBN:
9780191716249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540969.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Chapter 2 shows that: (1) ecosystems and the biosphere have structure and function seen in the limits to macroecological patterns, many of which have yet to be discovered and characterized, (2) ... More


Why systemic management works

Charles W. Fowler

in Systemic Management: Sustainable Human Interactions with Ecosystems and the Biosphere

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199540969
eISBN:
9780191716249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540969.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter describes how systemic management does more than embrace all of the nine tenets of management laid out in Chapter 1. It shows how such management not only solves the problems created by ... More


Life before Oxygen

Donald Eugene Canfield

in Oxygen: A Four Billion Year History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145020
eISBN:
9781400849888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145020.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the nature of life on ancient Earth before the evolution of oxygen production. It suggests that the Earth enjoyed an active and diverse biosphere well before the evolution of ... More


Life at the Edge: Lesons from Extremophiles

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter begins by reviewing the most recent research on extremophiles. It then examines the suggestion that the suitability of the planetary environment for life is strong evidence in favor of ... More


The Earth’s Climate System

Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

in The Sun's Influence on Climate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153834
eISBN:
9781400866540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter focuses on solar radiation and its interaction with the terrestrial atmosphere in the context of the Earth's radiation budget and radiative forcing of climate, as well as its direct ... More


Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Niles Eldredge, Telmo Pievani, Emanuele Serrelli, and Ilya Tëmkin (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The hierarchical approach to evolution, emerged since the 1980s at the crossroads of paleobiology, genetics, and developmental biology, has grown into a unifying perspective on the natural world and ... More


The Self-Interest Justification for Environmental Protection

Alexander Gillespie

in International Environmental Law, Policy, and Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298724
eISBN:
9780191685514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298724.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter examines the validity of self-interest as a justification for environmental protection. It suggests that many forms of anthropocentric environmental protection are derived from some form ... More


Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Ramprasad Sengupta

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The book has a comprehensive coverage of issues relating to the role of ecological constraints in limiting the availability of natural resources and eco-services for economic development and ... More


Wadi Allaqi: The People and the Pressure for Conservation

Ahmed Belal, John Briggs, Joanne Sharp, and Irina Springuel

in Bedouins by the Lake: Environment, Change, and Sustainability in Southern Egypt

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774161988
eISBN:
9781617970320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774161988.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter introduces the people of the wadi and the concept and reality of the Wadi Allaqi Biosphere Reserve. Wadi Allaqi is the largest wadi of the southern part of the Eastern Desert of Egypt, ... More


Biosphere and Ecosystems

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter introduces some of the basic concepts of ecology to characterize the biosphere of the earth, its ecosystems and their components of biotic and abiotic environment. It describes the ... More


Stardust in Flux

Karel Schrijiver and Iris Schrijiver

in Living with the Stars: How the Human Body is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727439
eISBN:
9780191793615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727439.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter jolts our view of ourselves into a new perspective: we are not merely living in a complex world, but we are an intimately connected part of it. Virtually all parts of our transient ... More


Ecology Emergent

John L. Culliney and David Jones

in The Fractal Self: Science, Philosophy, and the Evolution of Human Cooperation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824866617
eISBN:
9780824875763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866617.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Ever since life’s debut on the earth, biotic evolution has been a near-balancing act. On virtually every level, competition and cooperation, shifting endlessly between foreground and background, have ... More


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