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Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Melanie Armstrong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The United States government has spent billions of dollars this century to prepare the nation for bioterrorism, despite the extremely rare occurrence of biological attacks in modern American history. ... More


Conclusion

Patrick Carroll

in Science, Culture, and Modern State Formation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247536
eISBN:
9780520932807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247536.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter discusses the arts of government in relation to the practices of engine science and suggests that a form of “engineering governmentality” develops that cuts across and undergirds ... More


Introduction: Political Ecologies of Bioterror

Melanie Armstrong

in Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Bioterrorism has emerged as a prominent fear of the modern age, alongside revolutions in biological science and changing practices of warfare. Bioterrorism is also an important, and often overlooked, ... More


“Smallpox Is Dead”: The Public Health Campaign to (Almost) Eradicate a Species

Melanie Armstrong

in Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

In the mid-twentieth century, a global war against smallpox demonstrated how microbial nature might be managed according to human desires. The germ theory of disease identified microbes as ... More


The Wild Microbiological West: Fighting Ticks and Weighing Risks

Melanie Armstrong

in Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Biological laboratories propagate the idea of biosecurity in its original sense: using technological practices to contain and control microbes. Today, biosecurity is understood broadly as the ... More


Agents of Care: Bioterrorism Preparedness at the CDC

Melanie Armstrong

in Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Following 9/11 and the subsequent anthrax attacks, the U.S. government enlisted the public health industry in homeland security and defense, bringing weapons like disease surveillance and life ... More


Bioterror Borderlands: Of Nature and Nation

Melanie Armstrong

in Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

National biosecurity is a set of practices that regulate how goods, services, and living organisms move through the nation. Of particular interest are bodies that cross borders, be they human, ... More


Fourteen Security Lessons from Antipredator Behavior

Daniel T. Blumstein

in Natural Security: A Darwinian Approach to a Dangerous World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253476
eISBN:
9780520934313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253476.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents fourteen lessons derived from the study of antipredator behavior that are relevant to designing security systems to manage terrorist threats, dealing with insurgencies, and ... More


The Bioproliferation Puzzle

Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley

in Barriers to Bioweapons: The Challenges of Expertise and Organization for Weapons Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452888
eISBN:
9780801471933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452888.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This introductory chapter explains why the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB) halted Erasmus Medical Center's plan to publish a major finding about the H5N1 bird flu. The Erasmus ... More


Introduction

Thomas D. Beamish

in Community at Risk: Biodefense and the Collective Search for Security

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780804784429
eISBN:
9780804794657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784429.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

The Introduction develops the context within which the federal government’s biodefense plans emerged and on which they were justified, including 9/11, the anthrax attacks, and the successive menace ... More


Livestock Futures to 2020: How Will They Shape Food, Environmental, Health, and Global Security?

John McDermott, Dolapo Enahoro, and Mario Herrero

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Livestock production is one of the main human activities. As incomes grow in middle and even low income countries, demand for livestock products is booming, with important benefits and risks for food ... More


Protocells, Precaution, and Open-Source Biology

Andrew Hessel

in The Ethics of Protocells: Moral and Social Implications of Creating Life in the Laboratory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012621
eISBN:
9780262255301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012621.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter describes how open source is currently being explored in biological research. It addresses how open biological standards are being used in engineered biology, how openness might play a ... More


The Malicious and the Uncertain: Biosecurity, Self-Justification, and the Arts of Living

Gaymon Bennett

in Modes of Uncertainty: Anthropological Cases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226257075
eISBN:
9780226257242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226257242.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

In 2011, virologists in Europe and the US used simple but powerful methods to make H5N1 influenza—bird flu—transmissible by air between mammals. They justified their work in the name of global health ... More


Sentinel Devices: Managing Uncertainty in Species Barrier Zones

Frédéric Keck

in Modes of Uncertainty: Anthropological Cases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226257075
eISBN:
9780226257242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226257242.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

In the last twenty years, new diseases have emerged when pathogens have crossed species barriers: mad cow disease, avian and swine influenza, Ebola, Nipah, and West Nile viruses. These spillover ... More


Threats to the CBW Prohibition Regimes: The Revolution in the Life Sciences

in Preventing a Biochemical Arms Race

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804782753
eISBN:
9780804786157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804782753.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter addresses developments in science and technology that have particular implications for biosecurity. It concentrates on functional genomics, synthetic biology, systems biology, ... More


Threats to the CBW Prohibition Regimes: Advances in Neuroscience

in Preventing a Biochemical Arms Race

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804782753
eISBN:
9780804786157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804782753.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses advances in neuroscience that have particular implications for biosecurity. The connection between genomics and neuroscience is also elaborated upon. The thinking of Eric ... More


Embedding the CBW Prohibition Regimes in the Web of Responses

in Preventing a Biochemical Arms Race

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804782753
eISBN:
9780804786157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804782753.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses the conceptualizations of the web of responses and measures needed both individually and in relation to the chemical and biological weapons (CBW) prohibition regimes. The ... More


Breeding Bio Insecurity: How U.S. Biodefense Is Exporting Fear, Globalizing Risk, and Making Us All Less Secure

Lynn C. Klotz and Edward J. Sylvester

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226444055
eISBN:
9780226444079
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226444079.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

In the years since the 9/11 attacks—and the subsequent lethal anthrax letters—the United States has spent billions of dollars on measures to defend the population against the threat of biological ... More


Interview with Richard Lewontin

Gwen D’Arcangelis, Beatriz da Costa, and Kavita Philip

in Tactical Biopolitics: Art, Activism, and Technoscience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042499
eISBN:
9780262271127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042499.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter presents an interview with Richard Lewontin, who answers questions concerning his personal background, science and politics, race, tracing ancestors, biological determinism, using ... More


Dangerous Crossing

Lynn C. Klotz and Edward J. Sylvester

in Breeding Bio Insecurity: How U.S. Biodefense Is Exporting Fear, Globalizing Risk, and Making Us All Less Secure

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226444055
eISBN:
9780226444079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226444079.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter provides an overview of the dangerous future posed by the threats in the name of biosecurity, which is very complex because there are no simple solutions for it, but there are only ... More


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