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Bioprediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Challenges

Ilina Singh, Walter P. Sinnott-Armstrong, and Julian Savulescu (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199844180
eISBN:
9780199369607
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844180.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

Many decisions in the legal system and elsewhere depend on predictions of bad behaviors, including crimes and mental illnesses. Some scientists have suggested recently that these predictions can ... More


Introduction: Deviance, Classification, and Bioprediction

Ilina Singh and Walter P. Sinnott-Armstrong

in Bioprediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199844180
eISBN:
9780199369607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844180.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

After people do terrible things, energy focuses on post hoc explanations and assessments of the individual for purposes of punishment. For the moment, these assessments are still largely made using ... More


Bioprediction in Youth Justice

Charlotte K. Walsh

in Bioprediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199844180
eISBN:
9780199369607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844180.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

This chapter seeks to explore the following topics in violence amongst youth: a long-standing concern about the very small percentage of young people who go on to cause a disproportionate amount of ... More


The Inclusion of Biological Risk Factors in Violence Risk Assessments

John Monahan

in Bioprediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199844180
eISBN:
9780199369607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844180.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

As the existence of biological risk factors for violence becomes increasingly established, it appears inevitable that courts will be confronted with evidence of biological risk factors in cases in ... More


MAOA and the Bioprediction of Antisocial Behavior: Science Fact and Science Fiction

Joshua W. Buckholtz and Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg

in Bioprediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199844180
eISBN:
9780199369607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844180.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

Directing public and private sector spending towards preventing antisocial behavior would seem likely to provide a significant return on investment. However, with limited resources at their disposal, ... More


The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Matthew L. Baum

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In pursuit of preventive medicine, neuroscientists are mining nucleic acids, blood, saliva, and brain images to uncover biomarkers to estimate risk of brain disorders like psychosis and dementia. ... More


The Biomedical Promise of Biomarkers

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Spurred by the therapeutic promise of early identification and treatment, the pursuit of biomarkers for brain disorders gallops forth at an unprecedented pace. Here the chapter introduces cases that ... More


Bioprediction of Brain Disorder: Definitions and Scope

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The literature often under-describes the definitions of biomarkers and bioprediction, which leads to needless confusion and disagreement; it is not uncommon to encounter scientists or neuroethicists ... More


The Probability Dysfunction

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter moves toward a fundamental conceptual reorientation of disorder around risk by engaging directly the three major competing theories within the philosophy of medicine, those of Boorse, ... More


Enhanced Responsibility: Foreseeability and New Obligations to Others

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers the intersection of bioprediction with foreseeability-grounded theories of moral responsibility. It illustrates how the development of predictive biomarkers of brain ... More


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