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Dragonfly flight performance: a model system for biomechanics, physiological genetics, and animal competitive behaviour

James H. Marden

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Adult dragonflies are heavily dependent on their flight muscles and flight ability for nearly all of their adult activities. This chapter reviews research that presents dragonflies as model organisms ... More


Evolution of bird flight

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Bird flight began to evolve some 150 million years ago. This chapter discusses typical structures of the oldest bird-like fossils of Archaeopteryx. Conflicting scenarios — the arborial and cursorial ... More


Temporal Dynamics in Action

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter emphasizes the importance of understanding the motor processes involved in any cognitive task. Findings in the field of embodied cognition show that constraints on motor movement ... More


Investigating injury risk factors and mechanisms

Tron Krosshaug and Evert Verhagen

in Sports Injury Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199561629
eISBN:
9780191722479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561629.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter deals with the study design needed to establish properly the various factors leading to sports injury. While there are multiple factors acting simultaneously, a study investigating these ... More


Physiology of the Vestibular Organs

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The vestibular organs monitor the motion of the head and the forces acting on it. Each semicircular canal measures the angular motion of the head around a single axis, while the three canals, given ... More


Modeling plant morphogenesis and growth

Richard S. Smith

in New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Plant development occurs through a carefully controlled interaction between cell differentiation and growth. Biochemical substances such as genes, proteins, and signalling molecules cause cells to ... More


Mechanics of tumor growth: Multiphase models, adhesion, and evolving configurations

Luigi Preziosi and Guido Vitale

in New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter provides the basics to deduce multiphase models for the essential constituents present in tumours (cells, extracellular matrix, extracellular liquid, and possibly blood and limphatic ... More


Microbial mechanics: The growth and form of filamentary microorganisms

Michael Tabor

in New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter reviews the basic principles of hyphal growth in filamentary bacteria and fungi. While geometric models can provide a simple route to finding idealized hyphal tip shapes, biomechanical ... More


Evolutionary Biomechanics

Graham Taylor and Adrian Thomas

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198566373
eISBN:
9780191779459
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566373.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ornithology

Evolutionary biomechanics is the study of evolution through the analysis of biomechanical systems. Its unique advantage is the precision with which physical constraints and performance can be ... More


Estimating Body Mass in the Subadult Skeleton

Clark Spencer Larsen

in Bioarchaeology and Climate Change: A View from South Asian Prehistory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036670
eISBN:
9780813041803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036670.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter describes a new approach to estimating body mass in subadult human skeletons based on midshaft femur cross-section geometry. It begins by describing the theoretical basis for using ... More


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