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D. W. Yalden and U. Albarella

in The History of British Birds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217519
eISBN:
9780191712296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217519.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ornithology

The changed attitude to birds, including regarding legal protection, is reflected in the high number of membership of the RSPB and National Trust, and in the research activities of the BTO and its ... More


Lignins, Cutins, and Suberins

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines lignin, which has proven to be a useful chemical biomarker for tracing vascular-plant inputs to aquatic systems. Cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin generally make up >75% of ... More


Biodiversity and Food-Web Structure of a Galápagos Shallow Rocky-Reef Ecosystem

Rodrigo H. Bustamante, Thomas A. Okey, and Stuart Banks

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes ecology of the Galapagos rocky reef system and the important role of biogeographic position on biodiversity, the El Niño cycle, and the history of resource extraction on the ... More


Food-Web Structure and Dynamics of East African Coral Reefs

Tim R. McClanahan

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes the oceanography, biogeography, and management of coral reef ecosystems of East Africa. The chapter focuses on the role of marine protected areas and fishing in controlling ... More


Metabolic Synthesis

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a general background on the synthesis of chemical biomarkers and their association with key metabolic pathways in organisms, as related to differences in cellular structure and ... More


Summary: A Bird’s-Eye View of Community and Population Effects of Ontogenetic Development

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a summary of the topics covered by the present volume. The summary serves the purpose of clearly showing how different chapters fit together in a general framework with respect ... More


Biomass Overcompensation

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter investigates the necessary conditions for the biomass in particular size ranges of a population to increase in response to an increase in mortality, and how the overcompensation comes ... More


Emergent Allee Effects through Biomass Overcompensation

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the emergence of a positive feedback between the density of predators and the availability of its food, mediated through biomass overcompensation in the prey life history stage ... More


Emergent Facilitation among Predators on Size-Structured Prey

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses a variety of positive interactions between predators foraging on different stages of the same prey species, which all emerge owing to the biomass overcompensation that may ... More


Late twentieth-century patterns and trends in Amazon tree turnover

Oliver L. Phillips, Timothy R. Baker, Luzmila Arroyo, Niro Higuchi, Timothy Killeen, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Jon Lloyd, Yadvinder Malhi, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Nuñez Vargas, J. Natalino N. Silva, Rodolfo Vásquez Martinez, Miguel Alexiades, Samuel Almeida, Sandra Brown, Jerome Chave, James A. Comiskey, Claudia I. Czimczik, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Caroline Kuebler, Susan G. Laurance, Henrique E. M. Nascimento, Jean Olivier, Walter Palacios, Sandra Patiño, Nigel Pitman, Carlos A. Quesada, Mario Saldias, Armando Torres Lezama, and Barbara Vinceti

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Previous work found that tree turnover, biomass, and large liana densities increased in mature tropical forests in the late 20th century, indicating a concerted shift in forest ecological processes. ... More


Late twentieth-century trends in the biomass of Amazonian forest plots

Timothy R. Baker, Oliver L. Phillips, Yadvinder Malhi, Samuel Almeida, Luzmila Arroyo, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Niro Higuchi, Timothy J. Killeen, Susan G. Laurance, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Núnez Vargas, Nigel C. A. Pitman, J. Natalino M. Silva, and Rodolfo Vásquez Martínez

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses a previous study by Phillips et al. (1998) on biomass changes in Amazonian permanent sample plots which has been used to infer the presence of a regional carbon sink, ... More


Late twentieth-century trends in the structure and dynamics of South American forests

Simon L. Lewis, Oliver L. Phillips, Timothy R. Baker, Jon Lloyd, Yadvinder Malhi, Samuel Almeida, Niro Higuchi, William F. Laurance, David A. Neill, J. Natalino M. Silva, John Terborgh, Armando Torres Lezama, Rodolfo Vásquez Martínez, Sandra Brown, Jerome Chave, Caroline Kuebler, Percy Núnez Vargas, and Barbara Vinceti

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Widespread recent changes in the ecology of old-growth tropical forests have been documented, in particular an increase in stem turnover (pan-tropical), and an increase in above-ground biomass ... More


Error propagation and scaling for tropical forest biomass estimates

Jerome Chave, Guillem Chust, Richard Condit, Salomon Aguilar, Andres Hernandez, Suzanne Lao, and Rolando Perez

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The dry above-ground biomass (AGB) of tropical forests is a crucial variable for ecologists, biogeochemists, foresters, and policy makers. Permanent tree inventories provide an efficient way of ... More


The prospects for tropical forests in the twenty-first-century atmosphere

Oliver L. Phillips and Yadvinder Malhi

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

At the start of the 21st century the human race lives in a radically altered biosphere, and in an atmosphere that is shifting rapidly to conditions with no direct analogue in Earth's prehistory. ... More


Biodiversity and aquatic food webs

Helmut Hillebrand and Jonathan B. Shurin

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Biodiversity in freshwater food webs can be considered in terms of the number of species occupying unique trophic positions or the number of species within a trophic position. Either can affect ... More


Estimating Aboveground Net Primary Productivity in Forest-Dominated Ecosystems

Brian D. Kloeppel, Mark E. Harmon, and Timothy J. Fahey

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the measurement of aboveground live biomass increment and tissue mortality in forest ecosystems. Standardized approaches for quantifying wood production, tree mortality, and ... More


Analysis of size and complexity of randomly constructed food webs by information theoretic metrics

James T. Morris, Robert R. Christian, and Robert E. Ulanowicz

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter studies random, steady state food webs of varying size and complexity (up to 2,000 species and 1.3 million connections) which were generated with and without ecologically realistic ... More


Measuring and modelling

Peter Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568704
eISBN:
9780191717536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568704.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter considers the interactions between the inhabitants of mangal and seagrass communities. A robust descriptive ecosystem model is developed, and some of the major carbon fluxes through some ... More


Forest–climate interactions in fragmented tropical landscapes

William F. Laurance

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In the tropics, habitat fragmentation alters forest-climate interactions in diverse ways. On a local scale (<1 km), elevated desiccation and wind disturbance near fragment margins lead to sharply ... More


Predicting the impacts of global environmental changes on tropical forests

Simon L. Lewis, Yadvinder Malhi, and Oliver L. Phillips

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Recent observations of widespread changes in mature tropical forests such as a rise in tree growth, recruitment and mortality, and above-ground biomass, suggest that ‘global change’ agents may be ... More


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